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What Happened to the Athena Parthenos
Transcript of What Happened to the Athena Parthenos
Athena Parthenos? The Theories Conspiracies What Probably Happened The theory that during the statues transport to Rome it
was stolen is the most probable theory. It is plausible that
the caravan was robbed. it would have been easy to steal the
gold due to the fact that all of the gold clothes & decorations
were put on individually and could easily be broken off. The
rest of the statue was made of wood and ivory. The wood &
ivory could easily be cut up and either carved into something
else or resold. Whatever the means there is a high
probability that the Athena Parthenos was stolen,
chopped up, and then sold off to the highest bidder. What is The Athena Parhtenos? Who made it? Why and when was it
made? A Mystery Within a Mystery: Phidias's Death Ideas In Pop Culture The Cult The statue and it's mystery, has
come back into the mind of pop
culture, most notably through "The
Mark of Athena". The book
proposes a new theory. However
this theory's premise is based on
the existence of mythical creatures,
demigods, and that a huge spider,
Arachnae, is holding the statue
hostage. This seems unlikely, but
wouldn't it be super cool if it were true? The statue was made mainly by the Greek sculptor known as Phidias (Gaifman). Phidias worked along side a few other sculptors. Their exact names are unknown, however there presence can be seen in the smaller sculptures around the Parthenon (Sienkewicz). Little is known of the life of Phidias. He was born in
Athens in 490 B.C. (Knight, McConell). Athens was at
war with the Persian empire. Phidias most likely studied under
Angeladas (Blieberg). When war ended Pericles, Athenian king, called for the Parthenon to be built atop the acropolis and appointed Phidias to do so. Phidias was radical and got into many disputes including disputes with the enemies of Pericles.
They accused Phidias of stealing the gold that was meant for the statue. He disproved this by weighing the individual
parts in front of an audience. It was also said that he carved his own image & the king's into the shield. Phidias was later
captured and imprisoned. After that it is
unknown what happened there are conflicting
records on his release and there is no
known facts on his death. The statue was built in 449 B.C. It was commissioned
by Pericles to signify Athens's victory over the Persian
Empire. The statue was made out of ivory and gold. The
statue literally housed all of the cities wealth (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia). Built out of gold
& ivory. Over 12 meters tall
(over 40ft.) and 2
meters wide (6 ft). Built in separate pieces. Over 1 ton of gold used Bibliography After its disappearance the Athena Parthenos was replicated
many times (Gaifman). One of these replications is in Nashville, Tennessee.However the replica that has raised the most eyebrows was one that appeared in the Roman empire shortly after the original statue disappeared from Greece. It is often believed that this is not in fact a replica, but the actual statue. This also occurred shortly following Emperor Hadrian's request to move the statue out of Athens (Knight & McConnell). The statue never arrived, and nothing is known of what happened to the men transporting it. When the statue was transported, it is often believed that the statue was stolen and then sold off. "Phidias." Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. Ed. Edward I. Bleiberg, et al. Vol. 2: Ancient
Greece and Rome 1200 B.C.E.-476 C.E. Detroit: Gale, 2005. 452-453. Gale Virtual
Reference Library. Web. 8 May 2013. "Phidias." Ancient Greece. Ed. Thomas J. Sienkewicz. Vol. 2. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 2007.
643-644. Magill's Choice. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 8 May 2013. "Sculptors." Ancient Civilizations Reference Library. Ed. Judson Knight and Stacy A.
McConnell. Vol. 3: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 177-182. Gale Virtual Reference
Library. Web. 8 May 2013. GAIFMAN, MILETTE. "Statue, Cult And Reproduction." Art History 29.2 (2006): 258-279.
Academic Search Premier. Web. 8 May 2013. "Phidias." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2011): 1. Middle Search Plus. Web.
8 May 2013. "Athena." (n.d.): Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia. Web. 8 May 2013. Athena was one of the most important of all the gods to
the ancient Greeks (Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia). Knowing this, it should not come as a
surprise that the Athena Parthenos statue was also the center of a cult (Gaifman). The cult surrounding the Athena Parthenos was very powerful. They would not have taken kindly to it being moved into the Roman empire, expecially because in Roman mythology Athena was stripped of her war attributes and became
more affiliated with the arts. Athena Parthenos Shield. N.d. Photograph. Flickr.com. Web. 8 May 2013. Athena Parthenos. N.d. Photograph. Www.nashville.gov. Web. 5 May 2013. The Mark of Athena. N.d. Photograph. Goodreads.com. Web. 5 May 2013.