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Chapter 16 - Stress and Health
Transcript of Chapter 16 - Stress and Health
challenge No Perceive as
threat Stress Disorders Post-traumatic stress
disorder (PTSD) A disorder characterized by chronic physiological arousal, recurrent unwanted thoughts or images of the trauma, and avoidance of things that call the traumatic event to mind Burnout A state of physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion created by long-term involvement in an emotionally demanding situation and accompanied by lowered performance and motivation Mind Management Repressive Coping Avoiding situations or thoughts that are reminders of a stressor and maintaining an artificially positive viewpoint Rational Coping Facing a stressor and working to overcome it Reframing Finding a new or creative way to think about a stressor that reduces its threat Stress inoculation training (SIT) A therapy that helps people to cope with stressful situations by developing positive ways to think about the situation type of Body Management Relaxation therapy A technique for reducing tension by consciously relaxing muscles of the body Relaxation Response A condition of reduced muscle tension, cortical activity, heart rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure Biofeedback The use of an external monitoring device to obtain information about a bodily function and possibly gain control over that function Aerobic Exercise As little as 10 minutes of exercise at a time can yield positive mood boost, 30 minutes of moderately vigorous exercise will reduce the risk of chronic illness Situation Management Social Support The aid gained through interacting with others Humor Helps to lessen the effects of stress and return the body more quickly to a non-arousal state after a stressful stimulus Psychosomatic illness An interaction between mind (psyche) and body (soma) that can produce illness The set of psychological disorders in which the person displays physical symptoms not fully explained by a general medical condition. Hypochondriasis Being preoccupied with minor symptoms and developing an exaggerated belief that the symptoms signify a life-threatening illness Somatization disorder Involves combinations of multiple physical complaints with no medical explanation Conversion disorder Apparently debilitating physical symptoms that appear to be voluntary--but that the person experiences as involuntary Sick Role A socially recognized set of rights and obligations linked with illness Malingering feigning medical or psychological symptoms to achieve something one wants may lead to Self-Regulation the exercise of voluntary control over the self to bring the self into line with preferred standards makes controlling behaviors easier such as eating, sexuality, and smoking can improve health and quality of life