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Copy of The Great Barrier Reef Food Web

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by

Tiarni Wallace

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Great Barrier Reef Food Web

By Deanne, Maddy, Imogen and Tiarni
The Great Barrier Reef
Phytoplankton
Giant Kelp
Marine Algae
Producers
Bull Kelp
Sea Grass
Producers are plants that convert light energy into chemical energy through photosynthesis, Therefore by producing their own food, plants make up the base of the food web.
Dugong
Zooplankton
Abalone
Short Spined Urchin
Primary Consumers
Giant Clam
Krill
11 Armed Sea Star
Clown Fish
Pink Anemonefish
Whale Shark
Secondary Consumer
Box Jellyfish
Sea Eagle
Humpback
Whale
Manta Ray
Sea Snake
Blue Ringed
Octopus
Sea Turtle
Tertiary Consumer
Tiger Shark
Moray Eel
White Tipped Reef Shark
Quaternary Consumer
Decomposers
Bacteria
Consumers are animals. They eat with their mouths and depend on plants or other consumers that eat plants. There are primary consumers who only eat plants, secondary consumers who eat primary consumers, tertiary consumers who eat primary and secondary, and Quaternary consumers who eat all of the below levels.
Decomposers are fungi and Bacteria. They break organisms down into basic minerals and elements. It is the final stage of decomposition, no chemical energy is left in the material at that point.
Phytoplankton:
Produces own food
Predator: zooplankton,Whale Shark,
and Manta Rays
Habitat: Phytoplankton live along the
surface of the water.
Giant Kelp:
Produces own food
Predator: Abalone
Habitat: Giant Kelp grows in
clear turbulent water that ranges
from 30 to 100 feet.
Marine Algae:
Produces own food
Predator: Giant Clam,Krill, Clown
Fish
Habitat: Marine algae grows
along anywhere it can find light
Bull Kelp:
Produces own Food
Predator: Short Spined Urchin
Habitat: Bull Kelp live in rough
water near rocky shores
Sea Grass
Produces own food
Predator: Dugong
Habitat: Sea Grass grows in shallow coastal waters anchored in sand
Zooplankton
Prey: Phytoplankton
Predator: Mantay Racy
and Whale Shark
Habitat: They float/move
through the water to avoid
predators.
Abalone
Food: Giant Kelp
Predator: 11 armed Sea Star,
Tiger Shark, Monray Eel
Habitat: Abalones live in rocky
caves, fissures, and on the bottom
Short Spined Urchin
Prey: Bull Kelp
Predator: 11 Armed Seas Star,Moray Eel
Habitat: Urchins live on rocky reefs in little holes. They eat at night and stay in
their hole during the day.
Giant Clam
Prey: Marine Algae
Predator: Box Jellyfish
Habitat: Giant Clams will fasten themselves to one spot on a coral reef their whole lives.
Krill
Prey: Marine Algae
Predator: Whale Shark, Humpback
Whale
Habitat: Krill drift through the deeper parts
of the ocean at night but swim to deeper
water during the day.
Dugong
Prey: Sea Grass
Predator: Tiger Shark
Habitat: Dugongs live in shallow coastal waters.
11 Armed Sea Star
Prey: Short Spined Sea Urchin, Abalone
Predator: Tiger Shark
Habitat: Sea Stars live on rocky shores with
depth of up to 150m
Clown Fish
Prey: Marine Algae,
Zooplankton
Predator: Sea Eagle
Habitat: Clown fish live
in the bottom of shallow seas
in reefs or lagoons.
Pink Anemonefish
Prey: Algae
Predator: Sea Snake, Blue Ringed
Octopus, Tiger Shark, Moray Eel
White Tipped Reef Shark
Habitat: Pink Anemonefish live in Anemone
on coral reefs in warm shallow water.
Whale Shark
Prey: Zooplankton, Phytoplankton
Predator: none
Habitat: Whale Sharks live in warm
topical seas, mostly off shore, although
they do sometimes come into lagoons
Box Jellyfish
Prey: Giant Clams
Predator: Sea Turtles
Habit: Box Jellyfish live around
corral reefs especially ones in shallow
water.
Humpback Whale
Prey: Krill
Predator: None
Habitat: Whales are Migratory animals that live in warm tropical waters
Manta Ray
Prey: Phytoplankton, Zooplankton
Predator: Tiger Shark
Habitat: Manta Rays live near corral
reefs in warm shallow water near shore
Sea Eagle
Prey: Clown Fish
Predator: Tiger Shark, White
Tipped Reef Shark
Habitat: Sea Eagles inhabit rocky
cliffs near the shore.
Sea Snake
Prey: Pink Anemonefish
Predator: Tiger Shark
Habitat: Sea snakes live in
reefs that inhabit shallow water
Blue Ringed Octopus
Prey: Pink Anemonefish
Predator: White Tipped Reef Shark, Moray Eel, Tiger Shark
Habitat: Octopus live in tide pools by the reef and in the reef
Sea Turtle
Prey: Box Jellyfish
Predator: Tiger Shark
Habitat: Turtles nest on coral cays
and spend the rest of the time foraging
in the waters.
Tiger Shark
Prey: 11 Armed Sea Star, Manta Ray, Pink Anemonefish,
Sea Eagle, Dugong, Blue Ringed Octopus, Sea Turtle, Sea
Snake, Abalone
Predator: None
Habitat: Tiger Sharks are found in warm tropical water
often hunting over largely populated zones like reefs.
Moray Eel
Prey: Pink Anemonefish, Abalone, Short
Spined Urchin, Blue Ringed Octopus
Predator: White Tipped Reef Shark
Habitat: Eels live in reefs in warm water
White Tipped Reef Shark
Prey: Moray Eel, Blue Ringed Octopus, Sea Eagle, Pink Anemonefish
Predator: none
Habitat: Sharks only inhabit coral reefs and ledges in warm water from 8 to 40 meters.
Bacteria
Prey: All dead organisms
Predator: none
Habitat: Bacteria is found everywhere
and on everything
.

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/giant-clam/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krill
http://www.marineparks.wa.gov.au/fun-facts/46-sea-snakes.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humpback_whale
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_turtle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiger_shark
http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/great-barrier-reef
http://www.venomoussnakes.net/seasnake.htm
http://animals.about.com/od/habitat-facts/tp/great-barrier-reef-animals.htm
http://voices.yahoo.com/possible-solutions-great-barrier-reef-blooming-3395378.html?cat=58

Bibliography
.All Green Sea Turtles have a hard, solid shell that sits on their back.
.When Sea Turtles are spotted by their predators they will hide in their shell, Turtles are very shy creatures.
.Sea Turtles have large paddles that are placed at the front of their body, that help them to swim.

The physical and structural adaptations of the Green Sea Turtles are:


Green sea turtles, lay their eggs in a hole (which they dig) in the golden sand, not that far away from the sea shore.They leave their eggs to hatch while they run back to the ocean! The babies are left to be independent for themselves and they have to survive on their own!! It is important that the turtles reproduce so that the species of the Green sea turtles do not become extinct.
Behaviour Adaptions
Sea Turtle :
The diet of Sea turtles are, Jelly fish, crustaceans, fish and they also eat old sponges found laying around the sea shore.
Human Impact
Global Warming
Aggressive fishing
Over exploitation
Development and farming
Full transcript