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11081 Interg. Studio: Problem1A Presentation

1)Esherick House by Louis Kahn 2)Falling Water by Frank IIoyd Wright 3)Comparison of two houses
by

James Law

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of 11081 Interg. Studio: Problem1A Presentation

BST11081 Integrated Studio
Problem Part A Presentation
2012-2013 Semester B
Group A Leung Suet Yiu, Yuki (53024109)

Lai Yuk Lun, Edward (53039356)

Lai Lau Yan, Yvonne (53035671)

Lee Ho (53093766) Chan Check Lun (53026385)

Law Hong Yan, Jimmy (53030952)

Tse Chi Wai, Toby (53042060) CONTENT A. Basic Background
B. Site Strategies
C. Functional characteristics and design
D. Other Design Features
E. Space organization and circulation


A. Basic Background
B. Site Strategies
C. Functional characteristics and design
D. Other Design Features
E. Space organization Margaret Esherick House ESHERICK HOUSE Falling Water COMPARISON Built Year: 1962
Designed by: Louis Kahn
Location: 204 Sunrise Lane, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Client: Margaret Esherick ESHERICK HOUSE Masterwork of
modern architectural design
and
craftmanship ` Average annual temperatures Condition:

Climate is temperate Shutters on both sides and fireplace to provide passive cooling and heating Condition:
suburban area with lots of trees Use of concrete and wood to fit the environment
Use of wood to provide intimacy Annual sunshine (percentage)
The percentage of time between sunrise and sunset that sunshine reaches the ground Condition: Location has sufficient sunlight Pedestrian-facing
facade Pedestrian side use
shutters and narrow
window provide certain
degree of privacy

On garden side use full
length clear window Use of glazed windows
to allow daylight
entering the house organic and sculptural
nature of the cabinetry





symmetrical side-by-side
rectangles
that allow for both
openness and structural clarity Khan employed architectural woodwork detail in relation of the house structure.
The large timber beam that spans the entirety of the living space. The unfinished surface has a pastoral and honest aesthetic that corresponds with the rusticated detail work. served spaces (primary areas) and servant spaces (corridors, bathrooms) are divided
four alternating served and servant spaces are parallel two-story strips which run the full width of the house between front to back. First floor Second floor stairway and a gallery at the top of the stairs that overlooks the living room the bathtub is located not
in the toilet ,but in
an adjoining area that contains a fireplace Top Level Second floor First floor SITE STRATEGIES FACADE SITE STRATEGIES SITE STRATEGIES SITE STRATEGIES CLIMATIC CONDITION SITE STRATEGIES OTHER DESIGN FEATURES SITE STRATEGIES WOOD FRAME CONCRETE concrete
block
covered
in
stucco http://zawarchitect.wordpress.com/2008/11/23/esherick-house/
http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Esherick_House.html
http://arcs210509.wordpress.com/houses/esherick_house/
http://fallingwater.org
http://www.fallingwater.org/assets/14_Background_On_Fallingwaters_Structure.pdf
http://shaynelian.wordpress.com/2013/01/17/professional-architects-works-falling-water-house/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fallingwater
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jonashley/3936619331/sizes/l/in/photostream/
National Climatic Data Center Annual sunshine (percentage)
The percentage of time between sunrise and sunset that sunshine reaches the ground. Comparison -- Site location Falling water House :
Mountain with lots of vegetation Esherick House :
Suburban area with lots of vegetation Comparison -- Site location Comparison Reinforced concrete to withstand the snow Annual lowest temperature is -6°F
Hearth
Chimney flue Variety of plant life and forests

Appalachian Oak Forest

pull the nature into house
Beams anchor into rocks behind Voids are framed into the floor structure Annual amount of snowfall (Month) (Centimeter) The natural surrounding environment Beams anchor into rocks behind
Voids are framed into the floor
structure Kaufmann Jr.’s Study and later
sleeping area Roof Third floor small but well-lit bedrooms
opening onto another layer
of balconies.

Rooms are divided and
balconies are built for
different views Second floor  the main living floor is a
large, continuous space,
an extraordinarily impressive
room with defined entry,
living and dining areas. 

The dining area and the main
room are combined Main floor Clear glass is used as a wall surface
At certain times of day, the glass surfaces become very reflective
At night, the glass seems to disappear emphasize the oneness with nature
Horizontal lines can be found in the ferroconcrete balconies
Vertical lines can be found in the stone columns reinforce the idea of harmony with nature Requirement :
emphasizing the continuity between the inside of
the house and the woods around

Solution:
omitting even a glazing bar in the corners of the house Requirement:
live with the waterfall, rather than simply look at it

Solution:
combines Wright's vision of 'organic' architecture
with his engineering skills in cantilevering Requirement:
1.entertain large groups of people
2.larger than the plot allowed 3.separate bedrooms and an additional guest room.

Solution:
cantilevered structure Built with cantilevered
structure Condition : -6°F Annual mean temperature is 10°F
Cold winters and humid summers Monthly High and Low Temperatures For Pittsburgh in °F Month Condition : on the waterfall

Bear Run
Not large enough to provide foundation Built Year: 1961
Location: southeast of Pittsburgh
Architect: Frank Lloyd Wright
Client: Kaufmann, Jr However, No special requirement Philadelphia : 56.9 cm yearly Strong roof structure Pittsburgh : 106.4 cm yearly Natural tones
Stone grey and cream colors with a lot of brown
Hints of red
No extremely bright colors or any colors that would not be found in nature are used
This helps to blend the house into its element and make its presence less obvious.  Great amount of snowfall Annual average snowfall Waterfall: mold problems
Vegetation:  moist and cool
steel in the reinforced concrete corrode easily
cantilevered structure deflected  Stone serves to separate reinforced concrete trays  cantilevered out in space Shallow
Acidic
Low to moderate fertility
Weathered materials
-sandstone bedrock
-gray shale Falling Water House

On the mountain with limited plane

Part of structure are cantilevered Esherick House

On the plane with enough space

Whole building can construct on the ground Why?? The design of the building
( types and colours of materials used,
Structure, feature, functional design ) Site location Natural factors
( vegetation, sunshine, snowfall) Comparison To allow more sunlight entering
into the house,
both houses are
equipped with lots of large windows SPACIAL ORGANIZATION FIREPLACE SPACIAL ORGANIZATION Double-height
living room Living room Dining room "servant" space SPACIAL ORGANIZATION SITE STRATEGIES SUNLIGHT FUNCITIONAL DESIGN/ CHARACHTERISTIC WINDOWS FUNCTIONAL DESIGN/CHARACTERISTIC built-in bookcase
of front wall the front and back doors plus the two balconies Deep fireplace CIRCULATION FALLING WATER SITE BACKGROUND SOIL TYPE HUMID ENVIRONMENT VEGETATION SITE STRATEGIES SITE STRATEGIES SNOW LOAD SITE STRATEGIES SPACE ORGANIZATION SPACE ORGANIZATION FUNCTIONAL DESIGN/ CHARACTERISTIC FUNCTIONAL DESIGN/ CHARACTERISTIC FUNCTIONAL DESIGN/ CHARACTERISTIC FUNCTIONAL DESIGN/ CHARACTERISTIC OTHER DESIGN FEATURES EXTERIOR-LINE OTHER DESIGN FEATURES EXTERIOR-WALL SPACE ORGANIZATION OTHER DESIGN FEATURES INTERIOR- COLORS
CIRCULATION `
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