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Philosophy of Human Person

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MaryAnn Oh

on 4 October 2014

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Transcript of Philosophy of Human Person

Philosophy: Its Nature and Place in Society
What is Philosophy?
Why is it called a science?
What can we get from philosophizing?
What are the prevailing attitudes toward it?
What are the primary objectives in studying Philosophy of Man?
Attitudes Towards Philosophy
1.
Philosophy is difficult to understand.
2.
It is impractical or “out of touch with reality.”
3.
There is no progress in philosophy, for even philosophers disagree with one another.

In general, Philosophy of Man is a course that deals with man; man is the superstar in the Philosophy of Man.
Philosophy of Man is one’s desire to know who and what man is.
Philosophy of Man delves into the origin of human life, the nature of human life and the reality of human existence.
Real definition
The science of beings (things) in their ultimate reasons, causes and principles acquired by the aid of human reason alone.
Other Branches of Philosophy
1.
Epistemology
– the study of the origin, structures, methods, nature, limit and veracity that includes truth, reliability, and validity of human knowledge.
2.
Cosmology
– origin and development of the cosmos
3.
Aesthetics
– the study of what is beautiful
4.
Philosophical Psychology
– the science of mind, mental state and processes.
5.
Theodicy
– philosophical study of God
6.
Social Philosophy
– the study of man in relation to family, state and church.

Philosophy of Human Person
The Meaning of Philosophy of Man
Philosophy of Man

Is the theoretical and reflective study of human being, which intends to gain interpretive and prescriptive knowledge regarding the meaning and value of human nature, personhood, existence and condition.

Five Views on Philosophyaccording to Harold H. Titus and Marilyn S. Smith
Division of Philosophy
I. Speculative Philosophy
– philosophy which considers beings for the sole purpose of acquiring knowledge of them.
(a)
Rational Philosophy or Logic – the science and art of correct thinking.
(b)
Real Speculative Philosophy – science which considers real being, that is, all beings which have their own nature.

(1)
Philosophy of Nature – mobile being endowed with physical motion.

(2)
Metaphysics – it deals with human reality and system of human thought that seeks to explain the fundamental concept of man.

The Purposes of Philosophy
1.
Philosophy enables us to understand ourselves better.
2.
Philosophy helps us understand others, our fellowmen.
3.
Philosophy helps us understand others’ way of thinking.
4.
Philosophy helps us understand the world and our place and role in it.

Etymological definition
The term “philosophy” is derived from the Greek
philos/philia
meaning “love,” and
sophia
meaning “wisdom” or “knowledge.”
The Meaning of Philosophy
“THINKING which aims at maximum connected truth about all available experience.”
“Think Out of the Box”
RELIGION tells you there is a heaven.

SCIENCE describes HOW the heavens work.

PHILOSOPHY teaches you
WHAT,
WHERE, and…
HOW to get there.

Miriam Defensor – Santiago
The Meaning of Philosophy
A cause is something from which other things come.
The Purposes of Philosophy
5.
Philosophy helps us understand the significance, meaning, value, and finality of human life.
6.
Philosophy helps us know and understand God in His nature, essence, activities, and attributes.

The Meaning of Philosophy
Philosophy is a science because it is based on knowledge, not on mere opinion, theory or hypothesis.
The Meaning of Philosophy
Philosophy is a science of beings (things) – it covers all things which can be apprehended by the human mind, that is:

*James Porter Moreland
"Philosophy is the attempt to think rationally and critically about life’s most important questions in order to obtain knowledge and wisdom about them."

The literal definition of philosophy, then, is the
love of wisdom or knowledge.
"The literal definition gives us the idea that a person who takes part in studying Philosophical subjects is a man who loves wisdom."
Philosophy obliges the person to pursue the process of search and discovery.
The interest of philosophy is not only limited to all living beings but also it incorporates inanimate objects and covers a wide range of examination on issues on justice, conscience, reason, the incorruptible soul, and the Summum Deum.
It investigates and presents evidenced, systematically-arranged, and complete body of knowledge or truth.
a)anything that exists,
b) is going to exist,
c) can be thought of,
d) is known.

Philosophy as science of beings in their ultimate reasons, causes and principles.
It is through reason that a thing is known and understood.
Finally, philosophy can be acquired by the aid of human reason alone means that philosophy bases its knowledge solely on the reasoning power of the human mind, not on any authority.
Philosophy is one of the noblest activities in which we can engage because it promotes wisdom in our lives.
So why philosophize?
We have to…It is our mission. God-by giving us a mind-consigns us to philosophize so that we can understand ourselves, others, the world, and Him better than we believe we do.
1.
Philosophy as personal attitude towards life and the universe.
2.
Philosophy as a method of reflective thinking and reasoned inquiry.
3.
Philosophy as an attempt to gain a view of the whole.
4.
Philosophy as logical analysis of language and the clarification of the meaning of words and concepts.
5.
Philosophy as an activity, both critical and analytical
*American Philosopher & Theologian
II. Practical Philosophy
– is a philosophy, which considers how man naturally ought to act to attain his ultimate end.
(a)
Ethics – the science of morality of human acts.
the study of what is right and wrong in man’s behavior in the pursuit of beauty and goodness in life.
(b)
Economics or Domestic Moral – considers the operations of domestic society, that is, of the family.
(c)
Politics – considers the operations of civil society.


Philosophy of Man
No other being except man can know himself.
Primary Objectives
1. Philosophy of Man gives us a broader horizon in understanding ourselves, others, and God.

2. Philosophy of Man helps us to identify the points of divergence and convergence between us and the animals and between us and the plants.

3. Philosophy of Man helps us understand better our nature, the meaning of our existence, our point of origin, and out terminal point who is God.

4. Philosophy of Man exposes us to a thorough and deeper understanding of ourselves as unique dipartite creatures; that we are the substantial unity of body and soul.

5. Philosophy of Man enables us to encounter the diverse views of different philosophers concerning our nature, our uniqueness, and our role in the whole spectrum of God’s creation.

Mr. Erwin Rivera Mercado
Instructor
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