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Benito Mussolini

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Siena Shupe

on 2 March 2011

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Transcript of Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was born on 29 July 1883 in Predappio in northern central Italy. His father, Alessandro Mussolini was a blacksmith. His mother, Rosa Mussolini, was a Catholic school teacher. Benito was the oldest of three children. His political views were heavily influenced by his father. His father's outlook on polotics consisted of anarchism, nationalism, and authoritarianism. In 1902, Mussolini moved to Switzerland. While he was there he became involved in socialist politics. However, he quickly moved back to Italy in 1904 to be a journalist. He worked for the socialist press but stopped because of his agreement with Italy involving itself in World War I. In 1915, he joined the Italian army. Early Life Lil' Benito In 1919, Mussolini formed the Fascist
party. He gathered unemployed war veterans and had them torture his political enemies. These men were called the "black shirts". In 1922, things began get out of control in Italy so Benito used that to his advantage and by 1925, he was the dictator. Benito Mussolini speech in 1929. Rise to Power Writings He wrote many books. One of his
more famous is "The Doctrine of
Fascism", which is an autobiography. Benito's Style Mussolini was a Fascist dictator. He sort of made his own religion and considered himself the savior to all of the Italian citizens. Benito promised his people a new Roman Empire, freedom from communism and a strong national unity. One of his goals was to create a Italian empire in North Africa. Italy conquered Libya and Ethiopia by 1935. Fashion . He enforced anti-Semitic laws banning marriages between Christian and Jewish Italians, restricting Jews' right to own property, and removing Jews from positions in government, education, and banking. He also forced teachers to sign an oath that will make the teachers defend fascism. He also hired certain newpaper writers so that he can look as good as possible in the public eye. His power was a result of mass propaganda and the parliament became useless once he gained so much power. Politics and Deeds Benito Mussolini was a harsh dictator that adopted many laws people like Adolf Hitler. Benito Mussolini had many enemies such as, France, Soviet Union and Great Britain. World War II World War II began in 1939 and Italy
(Allies with Germany) fought against British
forces in Africa and were defeated. Benito was allies with Germany and that caused many Italian soldiers to die. The people of Italy began to resent Benito Mussolini. Hitler began to take control of the Italian government so he could help defend it from other invasions and forces. In July, 1943, Benito Mussolini was put on house arrest (or jail) by his own people! That is when Fascism completely ended in Italy. Death On April 28, 1945, Benito and his mistress Claretta
Petacci were captured and brought to by Communist partisans. The next day, their lifeless bodies were hung in Piazzale Loreto, Milan for the public to see. 15 other fascists were killed. 'Il Duce' (The Leader) Mussolini killed approximately 300,00 people when in power
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