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Drug Abuse & Crime

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Claire Hilton

on 30 April 2015

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Transcript of Drug Abuse & Crime

Drug Abuse & Crime
Digital Peer Pressure
Forty-five percent of teens - almost 11 million - said they have seen such pictures online, and 47 percent of those teens said that it seems like pictured teens are having a good time.
Teens who have seen these pictures were found to be four times more likely to have used marijuana, more than three times likelier to have used alcohol, and almost three times more likely to have used tobacco.

Drug Schedules
Social/ Economic Cost
• Social costs of illicit drug use exceeds $193 billion per year in the US
• These costs include the costs of drug use disorders as well as costs associated with the use of drugs by those without a disorder
• Only 10% of patients with substance use disorders receive treatment

Controlled Substances Act (CSA)- 1970
Federal drug policy that regulates the manufacture and distribution of controlled substances such as hallucinogens, narcotics, depressants, and stimulants.
The Act categorizes drugs into five “Schedules” or classifications based on their potential for abuse, safety, and any possible medical benefits they may provide.
Peer Pressure
The Adolescent Substance Abuse Knowledge Base reports that right around 30% of teens are offered drugs in middle school and high school.
The Monitoring the Future survey found that...
◦ Teens with friends who do drugs and drink alcohol are more likely to do the same.
◦ Teens who do drugs and drink alcohol are more likely to convince their friends to do it too.

Controlled Substances Act (CSA)- 1970
Federal drug policy that regulates the manufacture and distribution of controlled substances such as hallucinogens, narcotics, depressants, and stimulants.
The Act categorizes drugs into five “Schedules” or classifications based on their potential for abuse, status in international treaties, and any medical benefits they may provide.
Legal Consequences
The sentences for drug crimes depend on three things:
◦ Quantity
◦ Classification
◦ Purpose of possession
Most serious drug crimes are drug manufacturing, drug trafficking, or possession with intent to sell.

Sources
Marijuana Legalization Proposal
ResponsibleOhio’s Marijuana Legalization Amendment would legalize marijuana for medical and personal use by adults 21 years of age and older.
The amendment also would allow adults 21 and older to grow up to four marijuana plants for personal use in a secure, enclosed area.
It also establishes a highly regulated industry with all medical and retail marijuana grown at 10 sites throughout Ohio. In this way it has attracted large amounts of money from campaign investors interested in controlling those grow sites.
Prescription Drugs Proposal
The elimination of maintenance prescribing was the final result of judicial interpretations of the Harrison Narcotics Act, which many contend was originally conceived as a regulatory and tax measure, rather than a prohibitive fiat (Musto, 1987).
Repeal or reinterpretation of the Harrison Act would allow physicians to once again treat alcoholism through opiate substitution and to undercut the growth of a black market in other kinds of prescription drugs.
Do away with the "necessity for deceit" on the part of both physician and patient, and put the patient into a context where he could openly discuss with his physician the effects of specific drugs and how negative consequences of use might be reduced.
http://teens.lovetoknow.com/Statistics_on_Peer_Pressure
http://www.familyfirstaid.org/issues/peer-pressure/
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/survey-digital-peer-pressure-fueling-drug-alcohol-use-in-high-school-students/
http://www.jsad.com/doi/full/10.15288/jsad.2015.76.222
http://www.justice.gov/archive/ndic/pubs44/44731/44731p.pdf
https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL30722.pdf
www.whitehouse.gov
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