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Kingdom and Phylum mind mapping

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by

Dawn Dickinson

on 21 November 2012

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Transcript of Kingdom and Phylum mind mapping

Kingdoms Plant Angiosperms All plants are multicellular and
are autotrophs. Plants reproduce
asexually and sexually. A cell wall
containing cellulose is present.
Plants go through photosynthesis These are found in vascular plants.These plants have
enclosed seeds. It is enclosed
to protect a"fruit" which is
inside the seed. (Ex. Tulips, grass) Gymnosperms This type of plant has thin needle
like leaves to withstand harsh
conditions. The needles are covered
with a waxy cuticle to retain
moisture. They produce seeds which
are "naked" and usually found in
cone form. (Ex. Pine, Spruce, Cedars) Fungi This Kingdom is classified as
having no roots, and having
few or no storage molecules.
Fungi posess a cell wall like
plants, however differ because
they are hetrotrophs. Basidiomycetes This type of fungi is
mostly terrestrial. Most
are multicellular and have
cross-walls in hyphae. This
type is sexual because the
asexual spores are absent.
(Ex. mushrooms, shelf fungi) Animalia Characterized by being multicellular,
eukaryotic organisms. They develop or metamorphosize at some point in their
life. Animals cells have a cell
membrane and are made up of some
type of tissue(s) Echmodermata This category is part of the marine
ecosystem. It is easily identified by
their 5 sided radial symmetry,
meaning they have 5 appendages.
They have an ambulacral system for
gas exchange and feeding.
Echmodermata are unique because
they are able to regenerate tissue,
organs and limbs bu asexual means.
(Ex. Starfish, Sea Cucumber) Norway Spruce Picea abies Masson's Pine Pinus massoniana Sunflower Helianthus annuus Tulip Tulip Clusiana Macrolepiota procera Parasol mushroom Agaricus campestris Field mushroom Brittle Star Ophiuroidea Sea Cucumber Holothuroidea Mollusca This Phylum is all invertebrates.
They use their mantle for
breathing and excretion. All
Mollusc has a similar structured
nervous system and an open
circulatory system. They have
sensors to detect vibrations.
(Ex. Snail, scallop, clams) Scaphopoda Tusk Shell Snail Bithynia tentaculate Chordate This kingdom is classified
by possessing a notochord,
a pharynx and a hollow
dorsal nerve cord. They are
vertebrates meaning they
do have a spin. (Ex. Fish,
Humans, birds) Black Bear Ursus americanus Carassius Auratus Gold Fish Eubacteria These organisms are
unicellular and prokaryotic.
What makes them unique
is that some of them are
hetrotrophic, autotrophic
and/or chemotrophic. Cyanobacteria This type of eubacteria is
also known as blue-green
bacteria. They obtain their
energy through
photosynthesis, but differ
from a plant because they
are hetrotrophs. They grow
in colonies. Synechococcus Porifera Other wise known as
sponges. These organisms
are multicellular and have
a body of pores and
channels that allow water
to circulate. All the cells in
a sponge are not specialized.
There is no nervous,
digestive or circulatory
system, they rely on the
water flow to obtain food
oxygen and to remove waste. (Ex. Red Sponge, Stovepipe) Haliclona permollis Purple Sponge Cliona celata Boring Sponge Nematoda Arthropoda These are invertebrates
with an exoskeleton.
They have jointed limbs
and segmented bodies.
They have an open
circulatory system. They
fertilize their eggs
internally and externally.
They also have compound
eyes. (Ex. Wasps, Ants) Solenopsis fugax Lady Bug Coccinellidae Fire Ant This kingdom consists of
roundworms. They are
usually loss than 2.5mm
long and have ridges on
their body. They have no
stomach and the intestine
has valves with spinters
to control food movement. (Ex. Ascariasis, Trichinosis) Enterobius vermiculoris Pinworm Ancylostoma duodenale Hook Worm Protista This Kingdom is eukaryotic
and unicellular. They
produce asexually or sexually.
This kingdom is new to
taxonomy, therefore more
research is being done to
classify them better. Ciliophora This is a group of protozoans
that have hair like organelles
called cilia. They have 2 sorts
of nuclei. They are hetrotrophs
and reproduce sexually and
asexually. (Ex. Paramecium) Sporozoa This group is also known
as Apicomplexa. They have
a unique organelle called
apicoplast, which is a non
photosynthetic plastid.
These organisms can cause
diseases such as Malaria
or Babesiosis.(Ex. Coccidia,
Piroplasm) Piroplasm Piroplasmide Sarcodina These are shape shifting
amoebas. They move by
using their pseudopodia
(false feet). They use
their false feet to engulf
or latch onto prey. Amoeba radiosa Archaebacteria These are single celled
organisms. They have
no cell nucleus and there
is no membrane binding
the organelles. They use
either sunlight or sugars,
proteins etc. for energy,
however do not use both.
They reproduce asexually. Extreme thermphiles These microorganisms
thrive in extreme
temperatures, such as
the heat. Places like
Yellowstone national
park are common places
to find these. Their
optimal growth is between
65 and 85 degrees Celsius. Felis concolor Cervus canadensis Columba fasciata Rodentia sciurus Panthera tigris Nocturnalis strigiformes Herbivora testudinidae Bufo alvarios Diurnus accipitridae Eqqus caballus Equidae burchell Bovidcie ovis Macropus macropodidae Larus canus Pelecanidae Pelecaniformes Struthio camelus Phaethontidae psittaciformes Vultur gryphus Cygnus atratus Felis catus Delphinidae delphis Cannis vulpes Vipera berus Hippopotamus amphibius Cortalus horridus Anura ranidae Giraffa camalopardalis Rodentia rattus Felis tigrina
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