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Albert Einstein

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Pedro Garcia

on 6 March 2014

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Transcript of Albert Einstein

Einstein was an activist against war and violence, because he believed war would cause the lives of others to be ruined.

We know that this is an unavoidable, wretched effect of war, because the devastation has been seen before in previous combat situations.

This is related in such that Thoreau seems to push people to protest peacefully against things like war, because he feels we are diminishing the quality of lives of people involved, including innocent citizens that aren't on the front lines.
Albert Einstein
1879 - 1955

On the eve of World War II, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt alerting him of the ongoing development of "extremely powerful bombs" and recommended that the U.S. begin their own development of these new bombs. Although Einstein was against the devising of atomic bombs, he thought the technology was of significance, when used in the right way. This led to the Manhattan Project. Einstein supported the Allied forces, but largely refused the use of nuclear fission as a weapon. Later, with the British philosopher Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the Russell–Einstein Manifesto, which expressed the danger of nuclear weapons. Einstein was in affiliation with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955.
Einstein's Achievements

Calculated Avogadro's number and the size of atomic particles

Explained the Brownian Theory

Explained the nature of space and time

Aided in the development of the first atomic
bomb, which was used during WWII
Einstein's Mistakes
Einstein revealed the knowledge of nuclear fission to the United States so they could use it to defend other nations and themselves. Einstein later realized he made a mistake when the United States used it to kill thousands in Hiroshima, Japan.

"I have always condemned the use of the atomic bomb against Japan but I could not do anything at all to prevent that fateful decision," - Einstein
The Guardian.com
Do we agree with Einstein?
Einstein's Involvement in WWII
Never directly involved in the making of the atomic bomb

Ideas, theories, and laws of physics were used to develop the atomic bomb

Was a devoted pacifist

Advocated a pacifistic world dominated by peaceful internationalist institutions

First atomic bombs became available during the summer of 1945
Background Information
Born in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany on March 14, 1879

Interested in physics and science at an early age

Entered Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich (1896)

Gained his diploma and Swiss citizenship in 1901

Emigrated to the US in 1933

Died April 18, 1955 (abdominal aortic aneurysm)

Einstein's act on Civil Disobedience
We agree with Einstein!
The Civil Disobedience
Einstein acted upon his beliefs, and in this case, Einstein also acted upon trying to prevent the war. Several things he did in German and the US were intended to help war protests.

Einstein had major recognition for his letter to Roosevelt.
How are these examples considered Civil Disobedience?
Einsteins letter was aimed to be an anti-war argument. The disobedience committed was Einstein moving away from his home country, and turning around to protest against their efforts to create war. He might have gotten in trouble for not paying homage to Germany, but Einstein was safe when he emigrated to the US.
Thoreau's arguments
Thoreau presented several arguments in
his letter about Civil Disobedience, but the
one in focus here will be his point of view
on people supporting their opinions in a
government like ours.

Thoreau is strongly in favor of men and women
supporting and protesting their ideas.

"They will wait, well disposed, for others to remedy
the evil, that they may no longer have to regret. At most they give only a cheap vote, and a feeble countenance and godspeed, to the right, as it goes by them."
-Thoreau, On Civil Disobedience.

Analyzing the Quote
"They will wait, well disposed, for others to remedy
the evil, that they may no longer have to regret. At most they give only a cheap vote, and a feeble countenance and godspeed, to the right, as it goes by them."
-Thoreau, On Civil Disobedience.
They=Regular people
Shows how useless people are this way
Small amount of support
Showing that merely
voting holds little
to none value.
We are here left to conclude that Thoreau is in disfavor of men who recline, waiting for others to take action. From this, we can also assume Thoreau would encourage people to present their arguments that they truly believe in. Doing so is a benefit because the speakers own opinions are fully represented.
Connecting the Quotes to Einstein's Act
Einstein was a very active protestor and public speaker. He did not wait for anyone else to support him to write a speech about the tragedies of war, and his opinion against it. He felt the same that people deserve the chance to give their input on any given situation. According to the quote example, Einstein did just that, and didn't simply cast a vote on a meaningless petition.
Exactly What Did Einstein Say in His Letter to Roosevelt?
In this wonderful opportunity to send a message to an official, Einstein made his letter short and concise. He already knew that there was no
time to tell Roosevelt how he felt
about the event, but Einstein
notified Roosevelt that Germany
was already on the way of making
nuclear weapons. Einstein
recommended that the Manhattan
Project be started so that in case
of an attack, the civilians of
America would be much closer
to safety.
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