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CLA1401: Introduction to Fiction
Transcript of CLA1401: Introduction to Fiction
Identify the kind of narrator: first person, third person. How to think critically about fiction? Non-fiction: narratives that are true (or as true as possible) to real life. They are referential, you can verify the facts. 1. THE NARRATOR: the voice that speaks in the text.
For first person narrators:
what is he/she like? The narrator is a character, so we can think about him or her as a person.
Reliable or unreliable?
An observer or a participant in the action? Characteristics?
Focalizer (the one who sees) and narrator (the one who speaks) ii. IDENTIFY THE SETTING Where is the story taking place?
How does setting influence the people in the story? If so, how would that affect the story?
Could the story take place somewhere else? iii. PLOT What happens in the story, the action over time.
Time in the narrative: how much time passes? Is the story chronological, in reverse chronology or fragmented? How does this affect the way we read the story? Structure is also important: how is the story or novel structured? Is there a frame? iv. THEME what the story is about, the main idea, the unifying concept. Universal themes/specific themes? How many characters are there in the story? V. CHARACTERS vi. LANGUAGE Language, style, and tone in the story. Look at the words, the register. How does the author use language to reflect nationality, class, age, ethnic background, gender, or individual characteristics of each person in the story? Is the story humorous, sad, ironic, etc? What roles do they play? How do they change as the story progresses? Introduction to Fiction The House on Mango Street
By Sandra Cisneros - Interview Scene of the story "My Name"