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Tasmanian Temperate Rain forest

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on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Tasmanian Temperate Rain forest

Tasmanian Temperate Rain forest
Soil condition
Phytophthora cinnamomi is a soil fungus lethal to many taxa and rainforest species.
30% of flora highly suseptible to the disease
5 % highly resistant
Average Temperature and Rainfall
summer time (which lasts from December to February) is 70 degrees Fahrenheit, the average temperature in autumn (which lasts from March to May) ranges from 39-63 degrees Fahrenheit, in winter (which lasts from June to July) the average temperature ranges from 37-54 degrees Fahrenheit.
average rainfall of the Tasmanian Temperate Rain forest is 2000 millimeters. There has been up to 3600 millimeters of rainfall recorded at one time.
Yearly Climate
temperate and maritime, with mild winters and cool summers when compared with other regions at similar latitudes.
Snow, frost, and fog are common in winter.
Rainfall is heaviest in winter, but in general, is not strongly seasonal.
Cool temperate rain forest
Cool temperate rainforest is characterized by an open and verdant, cathedral-like quality; a silent, cool, dark and damp place where both the trunks of trees and the forest floor are festooned with a luxuriant carpet of mosses and lichens. In autumn and early winter in particular, the rainforest floor is dappled with an array of brightly colored fungi.
Land condition
Biotic and Abiotic Factors
Biotic factors:
Koala, Golden Headed Flying Fox, Squirrel Glider, Wombat, Geckos, Red-eyed Tree Frog, Possum, River Mouse, Red-neck Pademelon, Wallaby, Bandicoot, and many others.
Abiotic Factors:
temperature, water, cloud cover, soil, and light.
Native Species:
Tasmanian Devil
Eastern Quoll
Wombat
Tasmanian Devil
spine-chilling screeches
black color
reputed bad-temper led the early European settlers to call it The Devil.
Although it is the size of a small dog, it can sound and look incredibly fierce.
A devastating disease is currently sweeping out the devil population.
Devil Facial Tumor Disease is a fatal condition characterized by the appearance of obvious face cancers.

Eastern Quoll
Solitary animal the feeds mostly on insects.
Nocturnal but occasionally forage at dusk or during daylight.
During the day they sleep in nests, under rocks, underground burrows, or under fallen logs.
Wombat
world’s largest burrowing mammal.
fairly large, solidly built animals
squat, round, body
small ears and eyes and a
large bare nose.
thick coarse fur varies in color from sandy brown to grey and black, and is sometimes flecked with fawn.
Native Plants
Huon-Pine
Eucalyptus Regnans
Leatherwood
Huon-Pine
slowest-growing and longest-living plants in the world.
It can grow to an age of 3,000 years or more.
Only the Bristle-Cone Pine of North America lives longer.
Eucalyptus Regnans
also referred to as Swamp Gum or Stringy Bark,
can grow up to 100 meters.
It is the world’s tallest flowering plant
Leatherwood
Sweet-smelling white flowers that bloom in December and January.
Bees love the flowers.
Tasmania is the only place where Leatherwood honey is made.
Leatherwood is a rainforest tree usually growing underneath the canopy.
grows between 10 and 15 meters.
Trophic level and food web
Location
Human interaction and threats
Current issues of human interaction include:
overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water.
clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species.
the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site;
limited natural fresh water resources.
Unique Facts
Tasmania is the largest of Australia's islands and the 26th largest Island in the world,
Tasmania is similar in size to the Republic of Ireland or Sri Lanka,
Tasmania has the deepest natural freshwater and deepest caves in the whole of Australia,
The largest lavender farm in the world is located in Tasmania
Tasmania has 68 golf courses in total, which is more than any other state in Australia.
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