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French Grammar: Tenses

Le présent, Le passé composé, L'imparfait, Le futur simple et Le conditionnel.
by

Julius Von Abendorff

on 30 March 2015

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Transcript of French Grammar: Tenses

French Grammar: Tenses
with a little bit extra on the best tense - Le futur Simple (futture tense)

Le Présent
L'imparfait
My Conclusion on what I have learned.
The 'Le Présent' is not as hard as you may think it is practically the french version of the Present tense. You may want to remember some useful phrases such as parfoir (sometimes) and tous le jours (everyday). You must also remember to take off the last two letters of every verb to replace it with the correct ending. E.g."je manger des bretzels géants de l'Allemagne" would be grammatically incorrect as you would need to take the last two letters of the verb (manger - to eat) and replace it with a e so it should be "je mange des bretzels géants de l'Allemagne".
The L'imparfait tense is very similar to the Le passé composhe pas é tense but is to describe something that was in the past. Important phrases include l'anneé dernier which meas last year. To form the L'imparfait you need to take a nous part of the present tense then drop the ons and finnally add the correct ending. There is ony one irregular verb and that is the verb être.
This little blue booklet has taught me 5 of the major french tenses, there is also a video and a graph on all the french tenses and what I have personally researched on another french tense the subjunctive tense. The hard part is to meomorsie all of the verb tables.
Le passé composé
Le futur simple (intro)
Le conditionnel
This tense is to be used when talking about something that happened in the past but has already finished. Useful phrases that you must learn are hier (yesterday) and La semaine dernière (last week). When you have an avoir verb you must use the present tense and the past participle (donné, parlé, fait etc).The past participle usually ends in -é, -i, or -u, while its English equivalent usually ends in -ed or -en.
Le describes what futur simple is practically a tense that describes what will happen in a certain time in the future. Useful phrases include demain (tomorrow) and le semain prochain (next week). The French future tense is very similar to the English future tense: it talks about upcoming events. You would form the le futur simple by taking the title of the verb and then adding the correct ending. For all of the important stuff read ahead.
Le conditionnel is a tense is quit similar to the Le futur simple tense but is not talking about what will happen but what would/could happen. A sentence that would fit in this tense would be something like "I would buy a thousand giant pretzels if I won the lottery". To form a sentence using this tense you would take the title (infinitive) is the verb and add the endings (the endings are exactly the same as the endings in the L'imparfait tense!). When you get the irregular verbs use the same endings as you would for the futur simple tense.
The Subjunctive tense is a mood/tense thingy. It is used to express actions or ideas which are subjective or otherwise uncertain judgment.
A (very) short text on the Subjunctive Tense
By Julius
The HARD way.
Fin
How do you for the words for the future tense.
The easy way.
Well the easy way is easier than the had way.
First you would need to add the phrase Je vais (I will) in front of the actual verb.
Example if you had to make the phrase I will eat in french it would be
Je vais

manger
.
Future tense verb table.
Je*
Tu
Il/Elle/on
Nous
Vous
Ils/elles
Manger(-ER)
Finir(-IR)
Apprendre(-RE)
Manger
ai
Manger
as
Manger
a
Manger
ons
Manger
ez
Manger
ont
Finir
ai
Finir
as
Finir
a
Finir
ons
Finir
ez
Finir
ont
Apprendr
ai
Apprendr
as
Apprendr
a
Apprendr
ons
Apprendr
ez
Apprendr
ont
* J' before vowel or 'h'
To for the word the hard way you need take away the er/ir/re from the verb and replace it with the correct ending (ending are shown on next slide).
ex. Je
manger
ais
but remember when the verb begins with a vowl or a h you must put J' like
J'
apprendrai.
By Julius Abendorff von Hoch-Etsch 8x1
Full transcript