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Food Behaviour in Youth
Transcript of Food Behaviour in Youth
Consumption of Fast Food
Consumption of Soft Drinks &
Young people need to develop & maintain healthy eating habits in order to:
- reach their full growth potential
- have a healthy & strong immune system
- prevent nutrient deficiencies
- prevent diet-related diseases (obesity, Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease (diseases & conditions of the heart), hypertension (high blood pressure), osteoporosis, anaemia)
Eating an unhealthy diet can have both short-term & long-term consequences for an individual.
Healthy Eating Patterns
- fluctuating body weight
- difficulty with energy levels
- skin problems
- mood changes
- overweight & obesity
- Type 2 diabetes
- some cancers
Food choices affect our health, physical & intellectual development.
Active youth need more than 3 meals per day to get the required nutrients. These can be obtained through healthy snacks.
Nutritional needs of youth are different to adults, due to growth needs.
The Dietary Guidelines for Children & Adolescents aim to reduce the risk of disease by targeting concerning areas of food intake such as:
- high fat diets
- high salt intake
- high sugar intake
- low fibre intake
- skipping meals
- consuming food from outside the home
- consuming soft drink & energy drinks
Adolescents may skip meals for the following reasons:
- irregular schedules
- work & social activities
- lack of time
- lack of hunger
- desire to lose weight
This results in:
- poorer nutritional intake
- deficiencies of Vitamin A, folate, fibre, iron & calcium
- restriction of energy intake which may impact on metabolism
It is not only physical development that is affected, but also emotional & intellectual development too.
Breakfast is the most frequently missed meal by young people.
The IMPORTANCE of eating breakfast:
- Helps to maintain a healthy weight.
- Improves alertness, concentration, mental performance & memory.
- You are more likely to snack on foods that are high in fat & sugar if you skip breakfast.
- Helps to improve mood (you get tired easily if you don't eat breakfast).
Youth are more prone to eating fast food than children or adults, as it is convenient & often associated with social activities.
For youth, a higher frequency of consumption of fast food meals is associated with eating significantly less fruits & veg, and drinking less milk.
Fruit & Vegetables
Helps protect body against:
- high blood pressure
- Type 2 diabetes
- high in saturated fat
- high in sugar
- low in fibre
- low in vitamins & minerals
(This contributes to the risk of heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, hip & joint problems, obesity, high blood pressure)
Some fast food retailers are making changes to their cooking methods & ingredients in order to improve the nutritional quality of their meals.
A number of health issues have already been indicated for the high consumption of soft drink and energy drinks including dental decay, overweight and obesity, Type 2 diabetes and mineral deficiencies.
Energy drinks are high-caffeine soft drinks. Caffeine is
a stimulant that helps a person to feel mentally alert
and overcome fatigue. Caffeine also has some side
effects such as heart rate increase and increased
- NO vitamins, minerals, fibre, or protein
- Only contains carbohydrates in the form of sugar
- Contain preservatives, artificial food flavouring & colouring
- NO nutritional value
- A 325ml can of soft drink contains 10-15 tsp of sugar!
- Contributes to weight gain
- High-caffeine soft drinks
- Extremely high quantity of sugar
- Many contain B-group vitamins, herbal supplements & Guarana (caffeine containing extract)
- Can cause heart rate to increase & increased blood pressure
Studies have shown that a number of young people have been consuming up to 5 cans of energy drink before a sporting event to boost their performance.
Impact of consuming foods from outside the home.