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The Woodwind Family

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Jamie G

on 18 February 2013

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Transcript of The Woodwind Family

Woodwinds What is a woodwind instrument? Woodwind instruments are not all made of wood. At one point in history they were, but many other materials are now used. Woodwinds can be divided into two categories: flute and reed instruments. What do all woodwinds have in common? All woodwinds have a series of keys on their bodies that help to change the notes. These keys are operated by the player's fingers. The keys can be open, like the clarinet, closed, like the saxophone, or both, like the bassoon. The Keys The Flute The flute makes sound by air moving across an opening. Players move their fingers on the keys to change the notes. Flutes are one of the earliest types of musical instruments. However, they did not always look like they do now. The Flute Flutes were originally made of wood and are now almost exclusively made of metal. The lip plate can be made out of silver, gold, and even platinum. Each of these different metals produces a slightly different tone. How a flute is made Debussy -- Syrinx Beatboxing Flute Other Flutes Piccolo - a smaller version of the flute that is often made of wood (inside use) or metal (outdoor use) It is more difficult to play well, which is why it is not used as a starter instrument. Piccolo vs. Flute Stars and Stripes Forever -- Piccolo solo Other Flutes Flutes come in many different sizes. Some of the others are alto, bass, contrabass, and hyperbass. Bass Flute Contrabass Flute The Clarinet The clarinet produces sound by air vibrating against a reed on a mouthpiece. A version of the flute called a fife was used as a military instrument before the modern flute was accepted into the orchestra. Reeds are a thin piece of cane. The reeds used by clarinets and saxophones are called single reeds because there is only one piece of cane vibrating. The Clarinet The clarinet was first developed in the years 1690-1720. The modern clarinet emerged in the mid 1800's. The Clarinet The clarinet is often made of grenadilla wood, which is grown in South Africa. The wood is dried and soaked in oil over the course of several years to give the instrument its black color. Some clarinets are made of plastic, which makes the instrument more accessible to beginners. The Clarinet Clarinets used to be a standard in the jazz band. Often times, one player would be responsible for playing both clarinet and saxophone. This style is often referred to as Dixieland and is still fairly popular in New Orleans. Hindemith Clarinet Sonata Dixieland Other Clarinets Clarinets come in many different sizes, some smaller and many larger. Eb Clarinet Bass Clarinet - Teenage Dream Contrabass Clarinet The Clarinet Polka The Saxophone Like the clarinet, the saxophone is a single reed instrument. The saxophone is not made out of wood. It's body is made of brass and blends well with brass and woodwind instruments. The Saxophone The saxophone is the latest addition to the woodwind family. Development of the instrument did not begin until the mid 1800's. The saxophone is primarily a jazz instrument and is rarely used in orchestras. The Saxophone Family At least 14 different sizes of saxophones have been developed over time. However, only 5 are regularly used. The two most common saxophones are the alto and tenor. Alto Saxophone - Glad You Came Tenor Sax - Jazz Soloing Sax Quartet - Don't Stop Believing Bass Sax Contrabass and Soprillo Sax The Oboe The oboe is a double reed instrument. Double reeds do not use a mouthpiece. Instead, two pieces of cane vibrate at the same time to produce sound. The earliest double reed instrument was developed over 3,000 years ago in Greece. The Oboe The modern oboe took its present form in the mid 1600's, well before some of the other woodwind instruments. Some early oboes were up to 8 feet long! The Oboe The sound of a double reed instrument is often compared to the sound of a duck or a nasal sound. Gabriel's Oboe Like the clarinet, the oboe is made of grenadilla wood from South Africa. But What Is An Oboe? Don't You Worry Child The Bassoon The bassoon, like the oboe, is a double reed instrument. The bassoon has a folded shape due to its length of 8 feet. The bassoon is one of the most complicated instruments due to its extensive key work. English Horn The English Horn, despite its name, is a larger version of the oboe. It has a deeper sound than the oboe, much like the viola in comparison to the violin. English Horn vs. Oboe English Horn Double Reeds Many double reed players opt to make their own reeds due to the price of professionally made reeds. Reed making can be considered an art form and is a very lengthy processes that requires many expensive tools, some cost up to $10,000! The Reed Making Process The Bassoon The best bassoons are made from maple and are one of the most expensive instruments. Lady Gaga Saga -- Bassoon Quartet Angry Bassoons Contrabassoon The contrabassoon is the lowest pitched instrument in the orchestra besides the piano. The tube length of the contrabassoon is 16 feet. Contrabassoon Contrabasoon -- Jazz Woodwind Quintet Woodwind quintets are unique in the fact that they include a french horn. This brass instrument has a very mellow sound that works well with woodwind instruments. The Incredibles Bagpipes The bagpipes are a type of double reed instrument. The player never actually touches the reed because it is encased within the instrument. Bagpipes Star Wars on the Bagpipes
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