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The Chicano Movement

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dieu lam

on 20 February 2015

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Transcript of The Chicano Movement

Like African Americans, Mexican Americans also known as "Chicanos" had often faced discrimination, racism and exploitation in the United States.
In the 1960’s Chicano Movement emerged:
Farm workers voting
Political rights
Migrant workers: low wages, backbreaking labor
Hispanics experienced discrimination in public schools.
César Chavez
Founder of NFWA (National Farm Workers Association)
Supported farm workers’ rights and demanded increased wages and better working conditions.

He believed in nonviolence actions by using strikes, pilgrimages and fasts to achieve his goal.

The Grape Labor, 3- year contract, was approved and it provided a wage increase, provision for health insurance, and regulations prohibiting the use of certain pesticides.

Héctor P. García
Founder of The GI Forum and was the nation’s first Latino veteran’s organization.
•The "Longoria Incident" brought the American GI Forum and the problem of discrimination against Latinos to national prominence. Watershed event in history of the Latino civil Rights movement.
He became the first Mexican-American to serve on the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.
Reference page
The Chicano Movement
Dimeh A.
Diamar M.
Yara S.
Dieu L.

César Chavez
"César Chávez." Photos/Illustrations. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.
Dolores Huerta
"Dolores Huerta." Photos/Illustrations. AP/Wide World Photos. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.
Héctor P. García
"Hector P. Garcia: A Texas Legend." <Hector P. Garcia: A Texas Legend>. Ed. Fausto Meza. UTMB, School of Medicine. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.
José Ángel Gutiérrez
"José Angel Gutierrez, between 1965 and 1980." <Encyclopedia of the Great Plains>. Ed. David Wishart. 2011 University of Nebraska–Lincoln Images, 2011. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.
Dolores Huerta
Founder of United Farm Workers of America (UFW) with
Cesar Chavez

Huerta helped families by going on strikes, boycotts, and marches.
Chief negotiator for the farm workers in the historic talks between grape growers and labor during the grape boycott of the late 1960’s.
Achievement: Dolores Huerta’s efforts resulted in a raise in minimum wage for farm workers to $1.75 an hour and guaranteed days off.
José Ángel Gutiérrez
•McGuire, William, and Leslie Wheeler. “Cesar Chavez” American History. BC-CLIO, 2015. WEB. 18 FEB. 2015
•“Mexican American Youth Organizations” American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015. WEB. 18 FEB. 2015
•“Dolores Huerta.” American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015 WEB. 18 FEB 2015
•“Felix Longoria” American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 18 Feb. 2015

"Children of Mexican migrant workers at FSA camp." Photos/Illustrations. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 18 Feb. 2015.
MAYO (the Mexican American Youth Organization) was founded at St. Mary’s College in San Antonio, Texas.
Concern for education and sought to gain control of school districts and individual schools in order to adapt curriculum to Chicano student needs.
Had an objective to make “Tejanos” more aware of their civil rights and encourage them to participate more actively in the political process.

Héctor P. García

Veterans were buried with full military honor.
Despite the government's efforts to compensate for the discrimination suffered by Longoria's family, some family members were unhappy that their relative had to be buried so far from home.

José Ángel Gutiérrez
MAYO leaders gained important positions in Democratic politics.
MAYO provided a whole generation of Tejanos (Mexican-Americans living in Texas) with training for political leadership.
Full transcript