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Shakespeare

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kat reeves

on 16 October 2015

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Transcript of Shakespeare

Shakespeare
what do you already know about Shakespeare?
take 3 minutes to write down 3 things you know about William Shakespeare
Enjoy the show!!
Sonnet: A brief poem. The word literally means “little song.” Shakespeare left us 154 of them that are always published in the same order.
Each line is in iambic pentameter. The poems are almost like little puzzles full of word play and complex logic, and some are exquisitely beautiful.
Sonnets
Metaphor: A figure of speech where you use two nouns and compare or contrast them to one another.
Playwright: A builder of plays. The “wright” part of this word is a form of the word “wrought” as in “What hath God wrought,” or “wrought iron.” Note that the word is not playwrite because plays are considered to be constructed, not just written.
Simile: A figure of speech that expresses a resemblance of things of different kinds, usually using "like" or "as."
More Terms!!
Iambic pentameter: A form of verse that appears very commonly in Shakespeare’s plays and in other plays from the same era. In iambic pentameter verse, the language tends to fall into lines of ten syllables, with the even numbered syllables having more stress than the odd numbered syllables. Shakespeare became a master of this verse form and the variations he devised give his pentameter a wonderful variety within the form. When a passage of iambic pentameter does not rhyme, the passage is said to be in “blank verse.”
Iambic Pentameter
Context Clues: A method by which the meanings of unknown words may be learned by looking at the parts of a sentence surrounding the word for definition/explanation clues.
Important Terms
The Rude Mechanicals
The performance of "Pyramus and Thisbe" from Shakespeare Theatre of New Jersey
NICK BOTTOM, a weaver, but also thinks he is a fantastic, marvelous, brilliant, genius, totally awesome actor. He is going to be in Peter Quince’s play, which is going to be performed before the Duke. He thinks he should definitely play all the parts.
PETER QUINCE, the director and writer of the play, "Pyramus and Thisby", which hopefully will be performed before the Duke and Duchess after their wedding. It is a great honor to have his play performed before royalty, but he has amateur actors and is a little nervous about it going well.
FRANCIS FLUTE, a bellows-mender. He wants to be a really cool action hero in the play, because he is growing a beard.
ROBIN STARVELING, a tailor. He is older than most of the other actors in the play and has no real acting experience.
TOM SNOUT, the tinker. He has no acting experience, and honestly, is not all that smart.
SNUG, the joiner. He has never been in a play, and is really scared about learning all his lines.
PHILOSTRATE, the emcee at the big party after Duke Theseus’ wedding to Hippolyta.
The Rude Mechanicals
Helena, Demetrius, Hermia and Lysander being watched by Oberon and Puck from the Royal Shakespeare Co.
THESEUS, the Duke of Athens. He is the ruler of Athens and is engaged to be married to the Queen of the Amazons, Hippolyta. He cannot wait to get married.
HIPPOLYTA, the Queen of the Amazons. She is engaged to be married to Duke Theseus. She is a little nervous about this whole marriage thing.
LYSANDER, a young man who lives in Athens. He is in love with Hermia, but he can not marry her because her father Egeus, wants her to marry another guy named Demetrius.
DEMETRIUS, a young man in Athens. He plans to marry Hermia.
HERMIA. a young woman, who is a little bit short. She is in love with Lysander, but her father is a total control freak and wants her to marry Demetrius. Demetrius? Yuck!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
HELENA, a young woman, who is a bit on the tall side. She is so in love with Demetrius, but she can’t marry him, because her best friend Hermia’s father wants Demetrius to marry her.
EGEUS, the father of Hermia. He thinks Demetrius is a great guy and will be a wonderful husband for his daughter.
PHILOSTRATE, the emcee at the big party after Duke Theseus’ wedding to Hippolyta.
The Court: Characters
PUCK, also known as Robin Goodfellow, Oberon’s servant. He loves to play pranks on humans.
OBERON, the king of the fairies. He is very angry with his wife Titania, because she will not give him a young boy to be his knight.
TITANIA, the queen of the fairies.
COBWEB, MUSTARDSEED, PEASEBLOSSOM and MOTE , fairies all loyal to Titania.
Characters in A Midsummer Night’s Dream
First of all, remember that those elaborate phrases you see on the page as you try to read the plays will be spoken by actors who will have spent considerable time coming to an understanding of what the words mean.
A word that may seem confusing on the page may be more easily understood on the stage.
Some Suggestions for approaching the language you will hear:
Not only was Shakespeare writing in Modern English, he took liberties and had fun with language. Imagine our vocabulary without word such as: addiction; amazement; bedroom; blanket; champion; cold-blooded; dawn; elbow; eyeball; gossip; lonely; moonbeam; torture; unreal; worthless; and zany. In all, Shakespeare added some 1700 words to our language!
Shakespeare’s Language
A Midsummer Night's Dream was written early in Shakespeare's career between 1594 and 1596.
A Midsummer Night’s Dream
Shakespeare wrote, in addition to the 37 or 38 plays attributed to him, many sonnets and some longer poems. Some scholars think that Shakespeare treated these other writings as an opportunity to pick up some extra cash when the company could not perform.
Shakespeare was clearly a very successful theater professional, writing plays, acting, and investing in his theater company. When he returned to Stratford toward the end of his life he had become a man of considerable means.
The Working Years….
Although Shakespeare grew up in the small town of Stratford-upon-Avon in south-central England, he spent his professional years in London, the capital of a vibrant new empire
English playwright
Christened April 26, 1564, and according to an inscription on his tomb died April 23, 1616.
Although the exact date of his birth is not recorded, it is traditional to celebrate his life on April 23.
William Shakespeare: Life and Times

This is how you must be feeling!!
“A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse!”
Act V Scene IV, Richard the Third
Example of Iambic Pentameter
What should the audience do during a play? What should an audience NOT do during a play? Does the audience have any responsibilities?
What are actors supposed to do during a play? What are their responsibilities onstage during the show? What should actors NOT do during a show?
Audience Etiquette

-As you enter the theater remember that Shakespeare’s characters do not use words merely to express facts or feelings. Their words must accomplish the creation of the world of the play.

-Listen for the characters not only to tell you where they are and what time the time of day is, but also to argue for their worldview and attempt to impose that vision not only on the other characters, but also on you.
Listen….
In Shakespeare’s theater, his characters speak in ways that may seem very intense to our twenty-first century ears.
Shakespeare’s language sounds the way it does because it carries a burning intensity of feeling, an unfettered imagination, and a profound depth of meaning.
Although very intense, Shakespeare’s English is our English and in the mouths of skillful actors can be understood with little difficulty.
It is a language to be heard, not silently read, and simply reading passages aloud can uncloak some of its mystery.
Shakespeare’s Language
King James I was ruling while Shakespeare wrote the majority of his plays.
Not all Britons were enthusiastic about the theater and there have always been those who oppose the theater on moral or religious grounds.
Actors were not highly regarded
Even in Shakespeare’s time, when London was full of people from all walks of life who went to see plays, there were those who tried to suppress the theaters as much as they could.
Theaters were always closed during outbreaks of contagious diseases (The Plague shut down the Globe Theatre for 2 years!) Shakespeare and his company occasionally had to perform out in the countryside. estate.
The Working Years
A Study Guide for
A Midsummer Night’s Shakespeare
(Presented by the NC Shakespeare Festival)
The World of William Shakespeare
"He was not of an age, but for all time."

-Ben Jonson

think, pair, share:
interpret the following line of Shakespearian text:
"Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate;
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date;"
sonnet 18
insults by Shakespeare
Full transcript