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Kennedy and Johnson

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Luke Bailey

on 30 April 2018

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Transcript of Kennedy and Johnson

Kennedy and Johnson
28.2
1960 Election
In 1960, America gathered for one of America's most important elections.

Eisenhower's VP, Richard Nixon, ran Republican against the up and coming Democrat John F Kennedy.


John F Kennedy
Born into money, Kennedy was a member of the powerful and rich Kennedy family.

In WWII, Kennedy was on a patrol boat which was sunk. He saved the life of a crewmate by swimming to shore with the guy on his back.

However, he was also Roman Catholic, which concerned voters who thought he would take orders from the pope.
1960 Debates
For most of the campaign, Nixon looked like the obvious winner. He had far more experience and Eisenhower was still popular.

However, this changed at the 1960 debates. It was the first televised debate, and Nixon was recovering from an illness and sweated the whole time.

Next to the young, good looking Kennedy, Nixon looked like trash.

This set a precedent for looks being important in politics.
Election day
The election was extremely close- in the popular vote, Kennedy got 49.7% and Nixon 49.5%.

In the electoral college, it was 303 to 219.

In his inaugural address, Kennedy said: "Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country."
Camelot
JFK's White House was glitzy and fashionable. His wife, Jacqueline, was very fashionable and people sometimes thought of them as king and queen. The White House was called "Camelot"

Kennedy was a liberal who supported more funding for the poor and civil rights, but Congress mostly shut him down, not wanting to spend the money and not wanting to lose Southern votes.
Assassination
On November 22, 1963, JFK and his wife had a presidential motorcade in Dallas, Texas.

Shots rang out and JFK's head blew up.

It stunned the nation- JFK's VP, Lyndon Johnson, was sworn in as president.

The man arrested was Lee Harvey Oswald who confessed- but many suspected that the assassination was a plot, either by domestic enemies or the communists.
Lyndon B Johnson
Johnson was a much more forceful personality than JFK. He had served 22 years in Congress and knew how to play the game.

He outlines a series of programs la belled the "Great Society."

He had congress pass Medicare, which provides health care to the elderly, and Medicaid, which helps poor people pay for health care.

He also signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which forbade discrimination based on race, gender, religion, or national origin.
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