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Figurative language 4th grade

Examples from music, poems, and pictures

Elizabeth McCurdy

on 27 October 2015

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Transcript of Figurative language 4th grade

Figurative Language
What Are Metaphors?
A metaphor compares two things, but does NOT use the words
A metaphor says that one thing
actually something else.
What is onomatopoeia?
Onomatopoeia uses a word to demonstrate a sound.
That was an example of onomatopoeia. It sounds like what it means right?
Is life really a highway? No, that is a metaphor.
What are they comparing a highway to ?
What Is A Hyperbole?
A hyperbole is a great exaggeration used to give a statement impact or emphasis.
Watch & Listen
What is a simile?
A simile compares two unlike things using "like" or "as."
Would you really catch a grenade for someone?
No. That is an exaggeration.
What Is An Idiom?
An idiom is a phrase or expression that has a cultural meaning that is different from the actual words.
If you are not from the culture you may not understand it!
Example Of A Idiom.
Figurative Language
To understand figurative language, you have to understand the difference between:
To be "literal" is to mean EXACTLY what you say.
To be figurative is to NOT mean what you say but imply something else. The meaning is hidden.
For example: It's raining cat and dogs.
The actual meaning is . . .
Expresses an idea in a vivid and imaginative way.
It creates pictures in readers' minds.
It means something different from the basic meaning.
Figurative Language:
hyperbole personification
metaphor onomatopoeia
simile alliteration
For example:
"I'm so hungry I could eat a horse!"
Translation: "I'm very hungry!"
What is imagery?
Descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the five human senses.
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the Milky Way.
For example,
“You're driving me up a wall!”
does not mean . . .
It means:
“You are making me feel crazy!”
What is personification?
Giving human qualities to an animal or object.
So, the phrase “It’s raining cats and dogs” means exactly what this cartoon shows.
What is alliteration?
The repetition of the same initial letter or sound in a series of words. Alliteration includes tongue twisters.

Sheila Shorter sought a suitor;
Shelia sought a suitor short.
Sheila’s suitor sure to suit her;
Short’s the suitor Sheila sought!
by Michael Rosen

When Anna didn't get her way, she cried like a baby.
When Anna didn't get her way, she cried
a baby.
In this example,
is being compared to a
because babies cry a lot. This doesn't mean, however, that Anna is a baby. It simply means that she is acting like one.
For example: Alex's stomach is a bottomless pit.
Alex's stomach is being compared to a bottomless pit. His stomach isn't literally a bottomless pit, it simply means that he can eat a lot.
Alteration Name Game
Make a alteration for yourself! Think of a word
that describes you that starts with the same
sound as your name


Lazy Lola Licks Lollypops
Determined Dexter Digs Deep for Dinos

German -
I'll squeeze my thumbs for you

I'm keeping my fingers crossed for you/I wish you luck
Different Cultures
Japanese : Even monkeys fall from trees

What it means:
even experts get it wrong
Another Example
Take a closer look
Highlight the
metaphor from
this song.
Don't get fooled
check out these hints
Watch & Listen
Watch & Listen
Take a closer look
We will be learning the following types of figurative Language
A closer look
Watch & Listen
What personification did you hear?
Take a Closer Look
Taking a closer look
the idioms in
the song
Take a closer Look
Lets make
our own!
Watch & Listen
Take a Closer Look
Listen to the first 30 seconds.
What type of figurative language do you hear?
This song uses all types of Figurative Language what can you find?
Let's practice those comparisons-
I have who has Game
Write your own...
Halloween Similes and Metaphor

Try it out!
Write a simile in
your Reading Folder. Share with a friend.
What 2 things are you comparing?
Try it out!
In your journal write a metaphor
Compare 2 things... Don't use like or as.
What 2 things are you comparing.
Share with a partner.
Full transcript