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The Western Front and Trench Warfare

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Anthony Carter

on 15 November 2014

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Transcript of The Western Front and Trench Warfare

The Western Front and Trench Warfare
Life on the Trenches
Corporal William Greenway
5.45am, April 25
Corporal Eric Magill
August 1916
Chaplain William Woods
December 2
Conclusion
The Western Front
Map of the Western Front
Australian Impact on the Western Front
Weaponry
The weapons used at the Western Front were rifles, machine guns, gas, tanks and torpedoes. The transport used at the Western Front were zeppelins (blimps) and planes. When the rifles were fired, 15 rounds could be fired in one minute and could kill someone up to 1,400 metres away. When machine guns were used, 4-6 men had to make sure it was always on flat surface. Chlorine gas was used to kill off many of the enemies due to burning sensation in the throat and chest pain. The tanks were developed to cope with the conditions during the war. Torpedoes were fired out of the sides of the submarines as a blind attack.
The zeppleins were used as transportation in the bombing of the Germans. They carried machine guns and bombs. Planes were also used to deliver bombs and for spying work then became fighter aircrafts.
Battles
The soldiers went through a "trench cycle". A "trench cycle" is when the soldier spent 60 days in the front line trenches then 30 days in the second line trenches, then another 120 days in the reserve trenches. They then had 60 days off to rest.
Every morning at dawn, a round of firing occurred to mark the start of warfare. The soldiers then had to clean their rifles and machine guns so they could be inspected by the senior officers. When the inspection was over breakfast was served which was mainly a truce between the Allied and Central troops. After breakfast, soldiers were assigned there daily chores which ranged from draining the trenches, repairing duckboards, refilling sandbags and repairing the trenches from the damage. At dusk, soldiers prepared for a "stand to". This was where they replenished ammunition and supplies. If a soldier fell asleep during this time they were punished by death.
The Western Front is located between Belgium, France and Germany. It runs from the English Channel to the border of Switzerland. Along the Western Front many of the armies built their trenches and were able to protect themselves from their enemy. Many of the battles that took place in World War 1 were along the Western Front as the armies were closer together and were easier to invade.
Bibliography
Personal Accounts from the soldiers on the Western Front
In conclusion, World War 1 was terrible in many ways for many reaosns. The warfare caused millions of deaths from both sides. On the Western Front after 4 years of fighting nothing massive was gained or achieved during World War 1.

The condidtions that soldiers had to face inside the trenches was too bad you had more ways to die in the trenches than the people you were at war with. Australia had an involvement in the war fighting on the British side of combat.
However, effectiveness was hindered since they were a new nation at the time and they would travel to the other side of the world just to fight on the battlefields.
What was life like on the trenches?
Trench rats- the trenches were infested by millions of rats. This was due to the lack of waste disposal and unsanitory conditions. There were also thousands of corpses that rats fed on.
Trench Foot- Soldiers suffered from trench foot (fungal infection). This was because of the wet weather and standing in unsanitory condidtions for hours. This caused infections which then lead to an amputation of the limb.
Casualties- Death was very common in the trenches. Snipers' bullets, poison gas, disease or suicide were the biggest killers in the trenches. About 200,000 people were killed in the trenches on the Western Front in World War 1.
On the map (above) the gray shaded areas were where most of the battles took place on the Western Front (1914-1918).
During World War 1, the Allied forces of Belguim, France, Great Britain and the British Empire (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India and South Africa), Portugal and the United States made a stand against the Imperial German armies.
The order of what happened during World War 1
1914- First encounters and Battles of the Frontiers
1914- German advance blocked at Nancy
1914- German advance blocked at the Marne
1914- Germans entrench positions on the Aisre
1914- "Race to Sea": outflanking enemy
1914- Siege of Antwerp
1915- Trench warfare
1915- Battles for breakthrough
1916- Grinding battles of Attrition
1917- Allied offensives
1918- German offensives to block the deadlock
1918- Allied advance
1918- Guns fall silent on November 11
Map of the Western Front
http://www.greatwar.co.uk/battles/
Life on the Trenches
http://www.1914-1918.net/intrenches.htm
http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-war-i/trench-warfare.html
Weaponry
http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW1/weapons.htm
Battles
http://www.greatwar.co.uk/battles/
Australian Impact on the Western Front
General Knowledge.
Australia's impact on the Western Front was that they were part of the British Empire and all the reinforcements ususally took a while to reach the battlefields because they were fighting on the other side of the world.

Another impact on the Western Front could have come from a British. A British perspective of the Australians was that they didn't bring a lot of troops with them when they came to fight on the battlefields as they had known that there were more troops from the other countries which were with the Australians in the trenches.
LEST WE FORGET
Created by: Anthony Carter
Presented by: Anthony Carter and Anthony Jurac
Full transcript