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World War Two (1929 - 1945)

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Dawson McCall

on 16 June 2015

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Transcript of World War Two (1929 - 1945)

Cold War (US vs USSR)
1949 to 1991
- Military Standoff & Arms Race
Proxy Wars (
1950 to 1953
- Korean War,
1965 to 1975
- US War in Vietnam,
1954 to 1992
- US In Central America,
1979 to 1989
- Soviet Union in Afghanistan)
1949
- NATO Founded (US & Western Europe)
1955
- Warsaw Pact Established (USSR & Eastern Europe)
1961
- Berlin Wall Built (Lasts Until
1989
)
Oct, 1962
- Cuban Missile Crisis

Independence Movements
1945 to 1949
- Indonesia (From Netherlands)
1946
- Philippine Independence (Revolution Since 1898 From US)
1946 to 1954
- Vietnam (From France)
Also Gaining Independence in
1954
- Cambodia & Laos
1947
- Indian Independence Achieved (From Britain)
1948
- Burma (From Britain)
1954 to 1962
- Algeria (From France)
1947 to 1957
- Ghana (From Britain)
1957
- Malaysia Achieves Independence (From Britain)
1960
- The Year of Africa
17 Sub-Saharan African Nations Gain Independence
1945 to 1965
- Over 50 Countries Gain Independence

International Organizations
1945
- United Nations
Security Council - US, Britain, USSR (Russia After 1991), China, & France
1951
- European Coal and Steel Commission
Would Eventually Become the European Union (
1995
)

Human Rights
1948
- United Nations Declaration of Human Rights
1948
- UN Convention on the Prevention & Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
1950s & 1960s
- US Civil Rights Movement (1954 - Brown v Board; 1965 - Civil Rights Act)
Ghanain President Kwame Nkrumah (Speech to United Nations - 1960):
"One cardinal fact of our time is the momentous impact of Africa’s awakening upon the modern world. The flowing tide of African nationalism...constitutes a challenge to the colonial powers to make a just restitution for the years of injustice and crime committed against our continent.
But Africa does not seek vengeance...[Our] people cry out with one voice of tremendous power. And what do they say?...Africa wants her freedom. Africa must be free. It is a simple call, but it’s also a signal lighting a red warning to those who would tend to ignore it."
Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin
Leninism (via Lenin)
The Vanguard
Marxism-Leninism (via Stalin)
Single Country Socialism
Trotskyism (via Trotsky)
International Socialism
State Owned Property
Single-Party Rule
Anti-Liberal, Anti-Capitalist, Anti-Imperialist
Collectivization of Agriculture
1932 - 1933 Ukraine Famine ("Holodomor")


Mexican Revolution (1910 - 1920/1939)
Against Dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz
July Revolution in Ecuador (1925)
Sandino Revolution in Nicaragua (1927 - 1933)
Against US Occupation
Salvadoran Peasant Uprising (1932)
The Constitutionalist Revolution in Brazil (1932)




Arab Revolt (1916)
Against Ottomans
Algerian Revolt (1916)
Against French
Egyptian Revolution of 1919
Against British Occupation
Arab & Jewish Revolts (1920s - 1930s)
In Palestine Against British
The Great Syrian Revolt (1925 - 1927)
Against French


German Revolution (1918 - 1919)
Overthrow of Wilhelm II
Russian Revolution & Civil War (1917 - 1922)
Overthrow of Nicholas II
Easter Rising & the Irish War of Independence (1916; 1919 - 1921)
Establishment of Republic of Ireland
Against British
Italian Fascist National Revolution (1920 - 1922)
Rise of Benito Mussolini in Italy

Demographic
Est 50 - 80 Million
Deaths
Holocaust
- 11.5 Million Deaths (6 Million Jews; 5.5 Million Others
Military
1st & Only
Use Of Atomic Bomb On Civilian Population
Nuclear Arms Race
US (1945) vs Soviets (1949)
War Crimes Tribunals (Nuremberg Trials, 1945 & Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal, 1946)
Political
East vs West in Post-War Europe
United Nations (1945) & NATO (1949)
US Occupation of Japan (1945 - 1952)
Independence of India (1947)
Communist Victory in China (1949)
Human Rights
Economic
Over 50 Million Homeless - Infrastructure Destroyed
Marshall Plan - US Aid to Western Europe
Bretton-Woods Accord
World War Two (1929 - 1945)
1931
1932
1934
1933
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
World War Two - Essential Periods
The War - How Does It Progress?
The Shoah
The Importance of Memories & History
Auschwitz-Burkeneau
The Nazis Rise to Power in Germany (Early 1930s)
The Invasion of Normandy (June 6, 1944)
The History of the Holocaust
Nazi Popularity in 1928 & 1930
The Great Depression
Hitler & German Fascism
Mein Kampf
(1925)
Hitler Appointed Chancellor (Jan, 1933)
Reichstag Fire (Feb, 1933)
Reichstag Fire Decree
Enabling Act of 1933
Results of Nazi Takeover Of Power:
Withdrawal From League of Nations (1933)
Increased Pace of Rearmament -
Aufrüstung
(1933)
Nuremberg Laws (1935)
Pact of Steel w/ Italy (1939)
1930
European Totalitarianism (1920s - 1930s)
Soviet Communism
The Rise of Fascism
Things to Think About
The World During the Inter-War Period
Revolutions, Age of Anxiety, Economics (Bad - Good - Bad)
World War Two as a Continuation of the Great War?
Versailles Treaty & Guilt Clause
Impact of the Inter-War Period on Social Anxiety & Popular Politics?
Economic Causation of World War Two?
Golden/Roaring Twenties vs Great Depression
Failure of the League of Nations?
Internationalism vs Nationalism
Rise of Totalitarian Ideologies
Communism & Fascism
Final Thoughts
War Crimes?
Holocaust, Rape of Nanking
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
German Fire Bombings of London & Coventry, England
Allied Fire Bombings of Tokyo, Dresden, Hamburg
Almost every Japanese city was fire-bombed from 1943 onward.
War to Fight Imperial Domination & Racism?
German, Italian, & Japanese Expansionism
British & French Colonial Domination
US & Soviet Global Aspirations
Segregation & Discrimination in the USA
Short Term Effects of World War Two (w/in 5 Years)
Legacies of World War Two - Long Term
1929
US Stock Market Crash & The Great Depression (1929 - 1939)
US Stock Market Crash & the Great Depression
Who was hit hardest by the Great Depression?
What year was the height of the Great Depression?
Migrant Mother
by Dorothea Lange (California, 1936)
The Mexican Revolution (1910 - 1920/1939)
The Russian Revolution & Civil War (1917 - 1922)
China & Its Revolutions
Video Notes
Sun Yat-Sen
Mao Zedong
Revolution of 1911 - 1912
The Chinese Republic (1912 - 1949)
Chinese Civil War
People's Republic of China (1949)
The Great Leap Forward
Cultural Revolution
Civil War Essentials
Bolsheviks vs Coalition of Opposing Forces
Mensheviks, Anti-Communists, Loyalists, Peasants, Foreign Forces, etc.
War Communism (Red Army - Led by Trotsky)
2.7 - 4 Million Casualties
Bolshevik Victory
USSR in Disarray Following Civil War
Mexican Rev Essentials
Dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz
Coalition of Revolutionaries
Peasants, Workers, Middle Class, Disgruntled Land-Owners
Pancho Villa & Emiliano Zapata
US & British Interventions
Parallel to WWI & Post-War Era
1 - 2 Million Casualties
Mexican Constitution of 1917
Social Rights (1st In History)
Early 20th Century Revolutions
Europe
Middle East/N Africa
Chinese Revolutions
1911 to 1912
- End of Qing Dynasty
1927 to 1949
- Chinese Civil War & Communist Revolution
Indian Independence Movement (1919)
Against British
March 1st Movement in Korea (1919)
Against Japanese Occupation
Vietnamese Uprisings & Revolts (1917 - 1930s)
Against French Colonial Rule
Latin America
Asia
Major Examples by Region
Mussolini (Italy), Hitler (Germany), Franco (Spain)
State Sponsored Corporations
Corporatism
Class Collaboration
Social Darwinism
Aid the Strong; Weed Out the Weak
The "
Third Way
"
Autarky = Economic Self-Sufficiency
Ex - Hitler's
Lebensraum
Militarism & Patriotism
Anti-Liberal, Anti-Socialist, Pro-Imperialist
Pre-War Aggression - Occupations (1935 - 1937)
The War
(1937 - 1945)

The Beginning - Invasions & Attacks
(1937 - 1941)
The Holocaust (Shoah) (1934 - 1945)
Rise of European Totalitarianism (Stalin, Mussolini, Hitler, Franco)
(1920s & Early 1930s)
The End - Allied Victories & Advances
(1943 - 1945)
Early 20th Century Revolutions
(1910 - ca 1940)
Victory Europe Day & Victory Japan Day
(1945)
Setting the Stage - The World Before WWII
Symbolic Victories (1943 - 1945)
The Battle of Stalingrad (1942 - 1943)
The Battle of Iwo Jima (1945)
Video #1 -
Genocide: Worse Than War
(PBS)
The Ultimate Necessary War?
German Firefighters Try To Put Out Reichstag Fire (Feb, 1933)
German General Elections Results (Nazi Support)



1928 - 2.6% of Popular Vote (810,000 Votes)
1930 - 18.7% of Popular Vote (6.4 Million Votes)
1932 - 33% of Popular Vote (13.7 Million Votes)
1933 - 44% of Popular Vote (17.3 Million Votes)
"Approaching this place, [Stalingrad], soldiers used to say: "We are entering hell." And after spending one or two days here, they say: "No, this isn't hell, this is ten times worse than hell.'"
Russian WWII Veteran Vasily Chuikov
The End of the War
Victory Europe
Victory Japan
Mid-1944
Bombing Campaign of Japan
Fire Bombing of Tokyo (1945)
Most Destructive Air Raid of WWII
July 16, 1945
- 1st Successful Test of Nuclear Bomb
August 6 & 9, 1945
- Bombings of Hiroshima & Nagasaki
Feb-1943
- Battle of Stalingrad Ends
Continual Allied Advances After
June 1944
- D-Day
August, 1944
- Liberation of Paris
Early 1945
- Strategic Bombing Campaigns
Fire Bombing of Dresden
Dresden (1945)
Tokyo (1945)
Nagasaki (1945)
Jan, 1945
- Liberation of Auschwitz Concentration Camp
May, 1945
- Soviet Army (Red Army) Takes Berlin
Kristallnacht Survivor Fritz Gluckstein
The Invasion of the Soviet Union - Operation Barbarossa (1941) & Lebensraum
Video Notes
Lebensraum &
Autarky
Hitler's Invasion of USSR
Famine in British Colonies (esp India)
Wartime Consumption Rates
Global Impact & Responses
The United States in WWII (1941)
Video Notes
US & the Good Neighbor Policy
Who did the US give weapons to?
Pearl Harbor
US War in the Pacific
North African Campaign
Invasion of Italy
D-Day Invasion & Normandy
Russian Role in European Theater
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
Atomic Bomb Debate
The Beginning of the War (1931 - 1941)
1931 -
Japan Invades Manchuria
1935
- Italy Invades Ethiopia
1935
- Nuremberg Laws
1937
- Rape of Nanking
1938
- Kristallnacht
1939
- German Annexation of Czechoslovakia
1939
- Germany & Soviet Union Partition Poland
1940
- Battle of Britain
1940
- Germany Takes France
1941
- Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor
1941
- German Invasion of USSR
Published 1958
Auschwitz Survivors Liberation by Red Army (1945)
Soviet Troops After Taking Berlin (1945)
Dwight Eisenhower (Farewell Address) - Jan 17, 1961
What is Eisenhower talking about in this speech?
The Cuban Revolution & Missile Crisis
Cuba Before the Revolution
"America's Playground"
1959
- Cuban Revolution
Fidel Castro, Che Guevara
Nationalization of US Owned Businesses
Dec, 1960
- Cuba & USSR Establish Trade Relations
1961
- Bay of Pigs (Attempted US Sponsored Overthrow of Castro Regime)
Feb, 1962
- US Blockades Cuba
Sept, 1962
- Soviet Union Moves Nuclear Missiles Into Cuba
Two Week Standoff
US Agrees to Remove Missiles From Turkey
USSR Agrees to Remove Missiles From Cuba
The Crisis in the United Nations
1930s
- Expansion of the Gulag
Prison System Established in 1918
Mostly Political
Bombing of London (1940)
Coventry, England After German Bombing
Video Notes
Full transcript