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Computers & Technology in Education

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Terri McCoy

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Computers & Technology in Education

Before Technology
By: Terri McCoy & Melissa Wood
old pedagogy in a new way: reviews mixed
rests on soundness of the curriculum and how tech is used to provide instruction.
insufficient but growing evidence on impact of online learning
meta-analysis of 51 studies concludes:
all or part better than trad.
combined (blended) larger positive impacts on student learning
iNACOL reports AP Exam pass rates higher than national avg of 60 percent.
How should we be incorporating
technology more effectively in
higher education?
The Next Step
Computers in Education Today
Advanced Placement
(AP) courses are now available online.
Effectiveness of Online Learning
Cost of Technology Hardware and Software
K-12 Programs from Private Companies
full range of curriculum from K-12, teachers available for instruction and support, a learning mgmt system (course tests, records of assignments)

Most popular systems offering full-time online schools
Connections Academy
K12, Inc.

Computers & Technology in Education
1. Download App "Chirp" for a Pre-test
2. http://t.socrative.com
class name - fall851
3. Technology in Today's Classroom
4. Cost of Technology: Software and Hardware
5. Using Informational Technologies for Instruction
6. Conclusion

Evolution of Technology
The Evolution of Technology in the Classroom
The Overhead Projector
Hand-held Calculator
Plato Computer
Interactive White-Board
Taken from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/09/19/magazine/classroom-technology.html?_r=1&
Florida, Idaho and several other states now require all students to take
one online course
in order to graduate from high school.
Computers in Education Today
Computers in Education Today
Total Cost
$850 per computer (3 to 1 student-to-computer ratio with a 4 year average replacement cycle)

$71.00 - Annual Cost of Hardware per pupil
$72.00 - Annual Cost of Operating Systems (including cost of udgrading)
$55.00 - Network, printer Copier
$47.00 - Instructional Software & additional classroom hardware ________________________________________________
$250.00 total cost per pupil per year
more research is needed to gauge the impact that online education has.
Evidence to date shows that online can be at least as effective as face to face in traditional schools, but only when...
paired with the appropriate student population.
Total Cost
Indirect Costs
Labor Costs for repairing
and maintaining the machines
Cost of user support
Time spent in training
Casual learning
Self Support
User application development
Downtime costs
Direct Costs
Would you like to take your classes online?
Thank You!
Major Benefits of Technology
Computers in Education Today
Wisconsin has created several virtual Charter schools, which cost the school system around $6,000 to $7,000 per child instead of the average $11,000 per child.
Blended-learning Classrooms which combine face to face instruction and online learning are gaining in popularity. Rocketship Mateo Sheedy Elementary School in San Jose, California
Using IT for

The International Association for K-12 Online Learning
estimates over 1.5 million K-12 students participated in online learning or blended learning environments. (2009-2010)

This is a


increase from the 2007-2008 school year.
In the US:

states provide supplemental or full-time online learning opportunities.
states have state-supported virtual schools
states have full-time online schools
states provide both supplemental and full-time learning options statewide.

expands the range of online courses available to students (particularly in rural and inner-city)
providing effective teachers in areas that do not attract highly-qualified teachers
Credit recovery opportunities
meeting needs of millennial students who want more engagement with tech.
Why not?
low familial support
learning disabilities that require extra accommodations

3 digital learning models:

A) Virtual school

B) K-12 Programs from Private Companies

C) Blended Instructional Programs

Virtual Schools:

These are state supported (funded by state or grant)

mostly primarily supplemental to brick and mortar

accountability for academic performance is lodged in the district where the student attended school.

Florida is the country's largest virtual school state with 215,000 course enrollments in 2010
GVS (Georgia Virtual School)
created in 2005, legislatively.
2009-2010; 5,000 full-time students
14,000 supplemental students
grew 40% over the last three yrs.

6,700 students who took a credit recovery course
* 70-80% who participate recover the credit

Network equipment
Typical school of 400 ($12,00)
Access Points ($300 -$400)
Wireless cost $4 per pupil annually
Replacing 10% of the school's network equipment annually.
Printers and copiers
Typical school of 400 ($9,200)
More student Preparation
Higher Motivation
Increased Student Learning
Increased teacher/student access to
Connections Academy
2002, 2 state offerings
2010, 23 schools across multiple states

tuition ranges from $5,000-6,000 per year; grade

basically, an in home public school.
join clubs
virtual organizations

K12 Inc.
1999; can be purchased to facilitate homeschooling
or as a supplement to brick and mortar

focus is online; supplementary materials like textbooks, lesson guides, etc. however it is

K-8; core classes that comply with state standard

9-12; offers over 150 core courses, remedial to AP

course pricing is variable
teacher aided?
supplemental materials?
how many courses?
how many students enrolled?
grade level?
EX: teacher-supported 5 course schedule regular education: $4,250.

add-ons: AP ($50 course)
Chem or Bio ($353 per yr)

elementary $3500
Blended Instruction Program
* fast growing phenomenon
*combines two modes:online/face2face
face2face must be supervised by a qualified individual.

students must be able to exercise a degree of control of circumstances

Of purchasing and embedding technology into the operation of schools
Operating Systems
Group A - Onetime subscription

Group B - Charged Per Workstation

Group C - Paid on a per-pupil model
(server Operating Systems)

(Internet Filters or Antivirus)

(Calling Systems)
Operating System
($57 per student)
Computers in Education Today
Khan Academy
Offers to anyone, free of charge, over 2,700 videos on many subjects including elementary mathematics, algebra, calculus, and accounting. In May of 2011 they had more that 2 million visitors.
Finish Flagship paper for Dr Busbee
Present chapter 5
Write Chapters 3 & 4 for Dr Leslie
Study for the GACE
Full transcript