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Top 12 Poetic Devices

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by

Connor Campbell

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of Top 12 Poetic Devices

Top 12 Poetic Devices
Rhyme
This device is the simplest. So I'll be very simple with this bubble. It is one of the most used devices in poems and in songs.
Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia imitates the source
Hyperbole
Hyperbole is a strong exaggeration not meant
Personification
Personification is giving human qualities to something that isn't human . For example:
Symbolism
Symbolism is what a piece of literature symbolizes. Understand? Okay good, next slide.
A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds in two or more words. For example,
Repetition Repetition
Repetition is simply repeating a word, a sentence, a word or a sentence to provide emphasis on that word or sentence. Assuming that wasn't too confusing, let's see some examples.
Oxymoron
An oxymoron is a contradiction in words, it is also a boringly fun word to say.
Irony
Alliteration
Alliteration is amazingly awesome. It's fun to fiddle and fool around with. You can create cool, capable and captivating sentences with alliteration. In case you don't know what it is:
Allusion
Allusion is a reference to people, places, events, literary work, myths, or works of art, either directly or by implication.
Metaphor
A metaphor is a figure of speech that compares two otherwise unrelated objects.
Simile
Simile is similar to a metaphor, but it's simpler and uses direct "comparison words" such as 'like' or 'as'.
Okay that's it
You can go home now.
A famous example of rhyming is Humpty Dumpty.
The mouse left the house, the third bird heard the nerd, the dog went to Prague to clog the log.
Poor Humpty...
Onomatopoeia. It's a fun word to say isn't it?
Other words that are fun to say are bang, splash, thunk and ding. These are all
examples
of Onomatopoeia.
of the sound that
it describes. The sound of a rock falling into water is a 'splash'. The sound of flipping a switch is a 'click'.
The sound of papers brushing together is a 'rustle'.
Every sound an animal makes
is considered an onomatopoeia.
What happens when you step on a bug.
Oh jeez.
Connor was here.
But don't tell anyone.
to be taken literally, for example: He weighs a ton, he's as tall as the Eiffel Tower, he's the size of a bear.
They are meant to evoke strong feelings about someone or something, even though they are technically not true
(not in any particular order)
that's arguable
Shakespeare used repetition constantly in his plays, which is why his plays were great plays. One of his most famous being "A horse! a horse! my kingdom for a horse!" from
Richard III.
I couldn't find a picture relevant to this topic, so here's a grumpy cat to keep up with the picture theme.
It is used frequently on occasion in writing as a fun figure of speech.
Examples include: A cold heat, an active retirement, astronomically small, Apple tech support and airline food.
Whi-- Which one do I do??
There's actually not very much to say about this one...
Moving on then!
I once heard someone say
"Nobody goes there anymore; it's too crowded."
Something's not right about that... If it's too crowded, then that means a lot of people go there. That doesn't make sense, but that's what irony is. Irony is defined as "of or like iron."
Wait, no that's not right. Could you tell me what irony is please?
Oh okay, Irony is "the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect."
And I'm supposed to be teaching YOU about irony..
The simplest example is "stabbed by his own sword" or as I like to say it "hoisted with his own petard"
Couldn't find anything relevant...
Alliteration is similar to repetition. It's the repetition of the starting letter also used as a form of emphasis.
One of the most popular examples of alliteration is:
Peter
Piper

picked

a peck
of
pickled

peppers.
Other examples are Kim’s kid’s kept kiting and Larry’s lizard likes leaping leopards.
You probably expect some joke at this point, but I'm not going to oblige. This isn't like the irony bubble, where I try to educate you on things I didn't even know about. This is a different bubble, I told you the definition, move along.
Are you still reading? Come on, I'm not Brian Regan. You can't expect me to be funny all the time, sometimes I just have to state the facts and move on. That's more of a George Carlin thing. I love his bit about limited choice. Only 3 big oil companies but 32 flavours of jellybeans. Great stuff. Jeez, I'm getting off-topic. I feel like I'm in an episode of Family Guy.
A classic example is once again from Shakespeare.
All the world's a stage,
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances;
There's more than just those three lines, but that's the general idea.
For example, his breath smelt like a dog's, his hair was like a mop, his mannerisms were like a sloth's.
Simile, as displayed above, is commonly used to describe something in a way that shows a physical or non-physical resemblance.
The thunder grumbled like an old man.
The baseball screamed all the way into the outfield.
The ocean danced in the moonlight.
Oceans can't dance, but that's the idea. It's talking about the way the ocean and the waves move and comparing it to a person dancing.
But seriously, oceans don't dance and baseballs don't scream. Although, thunder grumbling like an old man makes some sense. Maybe that's why little kids don't like old people.
I'm out of place!
Please pay the fee on the way out. You'll see the price labeled on the door.
No seriously. Stop reading. This is all filler.
I have nothing else to say. I'm just gonna wait for you to go to the bibliography.
Seriously, it's the very next slide. Just click on it on the left.
Notice how the text is getting smaller?
It because the amount I care is getting smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
And smaller.
Oh my, you actually went this far? I'm stunned, I'm bedazzled! Here, take these cookies as a reward. You truly earned it!
Bibliography
Symbolism can either by very easy to understand or it can be very difficult. It all depends on who's writing the literature and how they wanted to perceive it. Oliver Stone's "Born on the 4th of July" is a simple movie to understand. 30 minutes into the movie you realize it's an anti-war movie. Something like "Magnolia" on the other hand is very difficult to understand.
Just kidding. Symbolism represents what a certain thing means. For example, when people think of white they think of life, and when they think of black they think of death.
I still don't get it. Seriously, watch it. It's really a good movie. If you can come up with an answer then more power to you.
http://www.rhymer.com/
http://examples.yourdictionary.com/5-examples-of-onomatopoeia.html
Skakespeare, William.
Richard III
. 1592 (approx.)
http://www.oxymoronlist.com/
http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/y/yogiberra100418.html
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/irony
Shakespeare, William.
Hamlet.
Many different publishers and publication dates.
http://examples.yourdictionary.com/alliteration-examples.html
http://c-adjectives.facts.co/c-adjectivesthatstartwithc.php
http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples/examples-of-allusion.html

Shakespeare, WIlliam.
As You Like It
. 1599 or 1600
I ran out of space, the next slide is Bibliography no. 2
Bibliography Part Deux
http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-personification.html
http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples/examples-of-symbolism.html
http://theoatmeal.com/djtaf/j/93
Now's about the time for the comedic part, but I can't think of anything clever... Ummm...
Did you hear about the fire at the circus?
IT WAS IN TENTS
No? Okay, move along.
Google images for all of the pictures and youtube for this little piece of genius below me.
Full transcript