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Copy of The High and Late Middle Ages
Transcript of Copy of The High and Late Middle Ages
-e ending -s
–es plural ending
thei, here, hem
Survival of strong participles
Loss of grammatical gender
The Black Death
Considered greatest writer before Shakespeare
English vernacular literature
Involved in Hundred Years War
Member of the Royal Court of Edward III
First buried in "Poet's Corner" in Westminster Abbey
The Canterbury Tales
Royal Power Grows
Nobles and Churches had just as much power as Kings did
Kings (Monarchs) started expanding their power
Both monarchs and the Church collected taxes, and had their own court system
They were jealous of eachother
Royal Power Grows
Germanic tribes Anglo-Saxons conquer Britain, becomes known as England
William Duke of Normandy and Harold battle to be the King of England!
William the Conqueror becomes King
Domesday book gives William ability to collect taxes
English Kings Gains power
King Henry II inherits the throne
Develops common law (legal system based on custom and court rulings)
New legal system also sets up first jury
Conflict with Church over royal power! Uh OH!!!!!!
King John (Henry II son) was a cruel and untrustworthy ruler
Rebels corner King John and force him to sign the Magna Carta
Nobles had certain rights (eventually extended to all citizens)
Monarch had to obey law
Protected people from unlawful arrest or imprisonment
Basis for Habeas Corpus
Parliament is England system of government…… what system does America use???????????
2 houses ( Lords, and Commons) Does America have 2 houses??????????
Parliament gets "power of the purse"
Seljuk Turks extend power over the Holy Land
This prevents Christians from traveling their
Byzantine emperor Alexius Comnenus asks the Pope permission to fight the Muslim Turks
Pope Urban II calls on all knights to protect the Holy Land!
Ordinary men and women travel to Holy Land as well……Why???????
Pope hopes the war will bring Christians together.
There are a total of nine Crusades that take place from 1095 to 1272
Only first Crusade comes close to achieving goal
1099 Christians capture Jerusalem and massacre hundreds of Muslim residents
Create Crusader states
Fighting continues for the next 200 years
1187 Jerusalem - Falls to Muslims
On some Crusades Christians fought other Christians
Christians do not keep control of Holy Land
Bitter legacy of religious hatred
The Crusades brought trade to a new level
Fabrics, spices, perfumes, sugar, cotton, etc.
Impact of the Crusades
Crusades gives Kings more power (collect taxes for Crusades)
Crusades did not end split between the Byzantine and Roman Church as Pope Urban had hoped…..this is because during the 4th Crusade, crusaders conquered Constantinople.
The Crusades opens Europeans eyes to places they never knew existed ( India/China)
Marco Polo - Writes book on travels to China
Impact of the Crusades
Crusaders want to take back Muslim dominated Spain
This becomes known as the Reconquista
1492, King and Queen Ferdinand and Isabella complete the Reconquista
Under Muslim rule anyone could live in Spain and practice any religion they wanted
Jews and Muslims forced to convert to Christianity
If caught practicing religion they would be tried by Inquisition (church court)
Many were burned alive
1492 Spain expels all Jews
Need for education and skilled workers increase
Universities start popping up throughout Europe (legal studies, medical school, etc)
wake up 5 am for prayer
Class from 6am to 5pm
Study till bedtime
Expected to memorize what they heard
Degree took 3-6 years
Women not allowed to attend universities
Where is one place a woman could still become educated????????
Education during the middle Ages
Great famine of 1315-1317 was caused by heavy rains and bad weather which destroyed crops
Criminal activity increases
Then Black Death (bubonic plague) comes along
The Black Death
Bubonic plague came from fleas that were spread by rats.
The rats spread the plague across Chinese cities killing 35 million people
The fleas and rats infested clothes and products from travelers heading west
First stop in Europe was Sicily
Where did the Black Death come from?
No way to stop the disease!!!!!!
Some turned to magic or witchcraft…….didn’t work
Some saw plague as God’s punishment
People fled cities and stayed indoors
Some people blames the Jews for spreading the disease and killed thousands of them
Life during the plague
Workers keep dying so production declines
Takes Europe over 100 years to fully recover from plague
Kills somewhere between 30-60% of Europeans
One in three were killed
Somewhere between 75-200 million
Nobody had any idea that it was caused from rats and fleas
Some doctors believed that bad smells would stop the plague…..therefore they put dung/urine in there homes
People were told not to shower during the plague because it would open up your pores and make it easier to contract the disease…….BAD IDEA!!!!!!!!!
YESSSSS……but it is very uncommon and death is unlikely
2013… a young boy in Kyrgyzstan died from the plague after being bitten by a flea
Does the Black Plague still exist today??????????
1337-1453 England and France have series of conflicts
English rulers battles to hold onto ancestors French land
17 year old Joan of Arc tells Charles the VII that god sent her to win the war for France. Joan of Arc leads army against English
One year = several victories
Captured and killed
The Hundred Years’ War
With new weapon , the cannon, the French captured most English held castles and ports
Castles and knights soon disappear…….why?????
Hundred Years War