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Copy of The High and Late Middle Ages

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sam jenkins

on 7 September 2016

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Transcript of Copy of The High and Late Middle Ages

The High and Late Middle Ages
(1000-1500 A.D.)

Celtic
Anglo-Norman
Nouns
-e ending -s
–es plural ending
Adjectives
-e ending
Archaic survivals
Pronouns
Demonstratives
thei, here, hem
Verbs
Weak
Survival of strong participles

Loss of grammatical gender
Anglo-Norman Influence
The Black Death
Considered greatest writer before Shakespeare
English vernacular literature
Involved in Hundred Years War
Studied law
Member of the Royal Court of Edward III
Well-connected
Traveled
Comptroller
First buried in "Poet's Corner" in Westminster Abbey
Geoffery Chaucer
The Canterbury Tales
French
Royal Power Grows

Nobles and Churches had just as much power as Kings did

Kings (Monarchs) started expanding their power

Both monarchs and the Church collected taxes, and had their own court system

They were jealous of eachother



Royal Power Grows

Germanic tribes Anglo-Saxons conquer Britain, becomes known as England

William Duke of Normandy and Harold battle to be the King of England!

William the Conqueror becomes King


Domesday book gives William ability to collect taxes


English Kings Gains power

King Henry II inherits the throne

Develops common law (legal system based on custom and court rulings)

New legal system also sets up first jury

Conflict with Church over royal power! Uh OH!!!!!!


Cont’

King John (Henry II son) was a cruel and untrustworthy ruler
Rebels corner King John and force him to sign the Magna Carta
Nobles had certain rights (eventually extended to all citizens)
Monarch had to obey law
Protected people from unlawful arrest or imprisonment
Basis for Habeas Corpus

Evolving Government

Parliament is England system of government…… what system does America use???????????

2 houses ( Lords, and Commons) Does America have 2 houses??????????

Parliament gets "power of the purse"


Parliament

Seljuk Turks extend power over the Holy Land
This prevents Christians from traveling their
Byzantine emperor Alexius Comnenus asks the Pope permission to fight the Muslim Turks
Permission granted!!!!!!

The Crusades

Pope Urban II calls on all knights to protect the Holy Land!
Ordinary men and women travel to Holy Land as well……Why???????
Pope hopes the war will bring Christians together.


The Crusades

There are a total of nine Crusades that take place from 1095 to 1272
Only first Crusade comes close to achieving goal
1099 Christians capture Jerusalem and massacre hundreds of Muslim residents
Create Crusader states
Fighting continues for the next 200 years
1187 Jerusalem - Falls to Muslims
On some Crusades Christians fought other Christians


The Crusades

Christians do not keep control of Holy Land
Bitter legacy of religious hatred
The Crusades brought trade to a new level
Fabrics, spices, perfumes, sugar, cotton, etc.

Impact of the Crusades

Crusades gives Kings more power (collect taxes for Crusades)

Crusades did not end split between the Byzantine and Roman Church as Pope Urban had hoped…..this is because during the 4th Crusade, crusaders conquered Constantinople.

The Crusades opens Europeans eyes to places they never knew existed ( India/China)

Marco Polo - Writes book on travels to China


Impact of the Crusades

Crusaders want to take back Muslim dominated Spain
This becomes known as the Reconquista
1492, King and Queen Ferdinand and Isabella complete the Reconquista
Under Muslim rule anyone could live in Spain and practice any religion they wanted
Jews and Muslims forced to convert to Christianity
If caught practicing religion they would be tried by Inquisition (church court)
Many were burned alive
1492 Spain expels all Jews

Reconquista

Need for education and skilled workers increase
Universities start popping up throughout Europe (legal studies, medical school, etc)
Student Life:
wake up 5 am for prayer
Class from 6am to 5pm
Dinner
Study till bedtime
Expected to memorize what they heard
Degree took 3-6 years
Women not allowed to attend universities
Where is one place a woman could still become educated????????



Education during the middle Ages

Great famine of 1315-1317 was caused by heavy rains and bad weather which destroyed crops
Thousands die
Criminal activity increases
Population decreases
Then Black Death (bubonic plague) comes along

The Black Death

Bubonic plague came from fleas that were spread by rats.
The rats spread the plague across Chinese cities killing 35 million people
The fleas and rats infested clothes and products from travelers heading west
First stop in Europe was Sicily


Where did the Black Death come from?

No way to stop the disease!!!!!!

Some turned to magic or witchcraft…….didn’t work
Some saw plague as God’s punishment
People fled cities and stayed indoors
Some people blames the Jews for spreading the disease and killed thousands of them

Life during the plague


Workers keep dying so production declines

Inflation begins!

Takes Europe over 100 years to fully recover from plague


Economy Suffers

Kills somewhere between 30-60% of Europeans
One in three were killed
Somewhere between 75-200 million
Nobody had any idea that it was caused from rats and fleas
Some doctors believed that bad smells would stop the plague…..therefore they put dung/urine in there homes
People were told not to shower during the plague because it would open up your pores and make it easier to contract the disease…….BAD IDEA!!!!!!!!!




Black Death

YESSSSS……but it is very uncommon and death is unlikely


2013… a young boy in Kyrgyzstan died from the plague after being bitten by a flea

Does the Black Plague still exist today??????????

1337-1453 England and France have series of conflicts
English rulers battles to hold onto ancestors French land
17 year old Joan of Arc tells Charles the VII that god sent her to win the war for France. Joan of Arc leads army against English
One year = several victories
Captured and killed


The Hundred Years’ War

With new weapon , the cannon, the French captured most English held castles and ports


Castles and knights soon disappear…….why?????


Hundred Years War
Torture Methods
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