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Woman in the 1930s and the Migrant Mother

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Lauren Pickul

on 29 October 2015

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Transcript of Woman in the 1930s and the Migrant Mother

Working Conditions and Jobs
The majority of women worked 50 hour weeks.
The yearly pay of a women in 1937 was $525, while the average for men was $1,027.
Industries like canning, textiles, candy, and meat packaging was known for paying women significantly less.
Photographed by the successful Great Depression photographer, Dorothea Lange.
Most iconic photograph of the Great Depression, reepresenting the hardships of women, and the effect of the Great Depression on the people of America
Many historians argue that feminism almost disappered during the Great Depression.
Although, feminism was gaining massive power in politics during the 1930s.
Rights of Women
Only one person per household was able to hold a government position.
Women could not reach full military status.
Women were not allowed to be laborers or construction workers.
Only a few states had equal pay laws in the 1930s.
Women in the 1930s
Women in the 1930s and the "Migrant Mother"

Women in the 1930s, in the period of the Great Depression, were mostly working and employed.
24.5% of all woman in the country were employed.
Woman in the 1930s entered the workforce at twice the rate of men.
The International Ladies Garment Workers Union paid women fairly well and employed more than 200,000 members
Migrant Mother
Works Cited
"Working Women in the 1930s." American Decades. Ed. Judith S. Baughman, et al.

Vol. 4: 1930-1939.Detroit: Gale, 2001. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 22

Oct. 2015.
Kuhlman, Erica Ann. "Lange, Dorothea." A to Z of Women in World History.

Facts On File, 2002. History Research Center. Web. 22 Oct. 2015.

<http:/online.infobase.com/Article/Details/266728?q=migrant mother>.
From 1932 t0 1937, federal laws prohibited more than one adult from working in the household.
An organization FERA was dedicated to teaching young women in obtaining household skills.
Single women were criticized for not getting married because they wanted their own money to feel secure.
Work for Married Women
Married women were shown hostility for not working at home.
Only 15% of the United States approved of married women working in the 1930's
Men believed that women were stealing the mens jobs.
The depression pushed women into the workforce.
"Lange, Dorothea." Great Depression and the New Deal Reference Library. Ed. Allison McNeill,

Richard C. Hanes, and Sharon M. Hanes. Vol. 3: Primary Sources. Detroit: UXL, 2003. 157-165.

Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 23 Oct. 2015.

Frahm, Jill. "Women's Status and Rights, 19291945." Encyclopedia of American History, Vol. 8, Revised Edition. Facts On File, 2009. History Research Center. Web. 23 Oct. 2015. <http://online.infobase.com/Article/Details/196451?q=women rights 1930s>.
Women Deliver Ice during World War I. National Archives and Records Administration. Special Media Archives Services Division. History Research Center. Web. 23 Oct. 2015. <http://online.infobase.com/Article/ImageDetails?imageId=38832>.
Works Cited Cont.
Women Work at a Cotton Mill. Library of Congress. Prints and Photographs Division. History Research Center. Web. 25 Oct. 2015. <http://online.infobase.com/Article/ImageDetails?imageId=34666>.
Women Work at a Cotton Mill. Library of Congress. Prints and Photographs Division. History Research Center. Web. 25 Oct. 2015. <http://online.infobase.com/Article/ImageDetails?imageId=34666>.
Migrant Mother Daughter. You Tube. N.p., 24 Mar. 2010. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
Migrant Mother Video
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