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1990s

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Amber Wendler

on 3 June 2013

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Transcript of 1990s

Designers began to emerge in the 90's
Geoffrey Beene - most prestigious designer in NYC
James Galanos - fashion icon for 40 years
Giorgio Armani (Armani Exchange)
Karl Lagerfeld ( Chanel)
Designers focused on the Jacket as the key to contemporary dressing
Denim Jackets/Leather Biker Jackets Fashion in the 1990's HEY! Music Toys in the 1990's:
The most popular toys during this decade were toys that were licensed. Kids were attracted to toys that were from movies and the television or ones sponsored by athletes. Video Games:
The Super Nintendo and the Sega Genesis gaming consoles revolutionized home video gaming. These systems provided sharper colors, better sound and faster action. By 1991, Nintendo was retailing over 4 billion dollars with its new hardware, software, and accessories. Sitcoms:
•Roseanne and Seinfeld (late 80s)
•Friends, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Full House, Family Matters, That '70s Show, Everybody Loves Raymond, Will & Grace Medical dramas:
•ER (1994)- On NBC with Anthony Edwards and George Clooney
Teen soap genre:
•Beverly Hills, 90210(1990 to 2000), Melrose Place, Baywatch Reality television began on MTV Adult-oriented animated sitcom:
•The Simpsons (1989),Futurama, Beavis and Butt-head, South Park and Family Guy
Anime:
•Sailor Moon, Digimon, Pokémon, Dragon Ball Z
Nickelodeon:
•Doug, Rugrats, The Ren & Stimpy Show
•SpongeBob SquarePants
•The Amanda Show, Kenan & Kel, Hey Arnold, All That
Cartoon Network:
•Dexter's Laboratory, The Powerpuff Girls, Ed, Edd n Eddy, Johnny Bravo, The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy
Animated children’s programs:
• Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, Batman: The Animated Series, and Superman: The Animated Series Talk Shows:
•Late Show with David Letterman Super Soaker from the Larami Corporation
hit the stores with great popularity. Environmental Toys:
-Pollution Solution and Save the World games
emerged along with Animals of the Rain Forest
stuff toys.
-The Swamp Thing line from Kenner was based off of a television show starring a biochemist. The line included action figures, a Swamp Trap and a Villain Vehicle.
- GI Joe appeared as an Eco-Warrior--his mission was to protect the biosphere.
- Care Bears were redesigned to include environmental themes and graphics such as recycling. MOVIES (Highest Grossing Films):
Titanic (1997)
Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999)
Jurassic Park (1993)
Independence Day (1996)
The Lion King (1994)
Forrest Gump (1994)
The Sixth Sense (1999)
The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997)
Men in Black (1997)
Armageddon (1998)
Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)
Ghost (1990)
Aladdin (1992)
Twister (1996)
Saving Private Ryan (1998)
Home Alone (1990)
Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me (1999)
Mrs. Doubtfire (1993)
Basic Instinct (1992)
Toy Story (1995)
Dancing With Wolves (1990)
Batman Forever (1995)
The Fugitive (1993)
Liar Liar (1997)
Mission: Impossible (1996)
Pretty Woman (1990)
There's Something About Mary (1998)
Home Alone 2: Lost in New York (1992)
Scream (1996)
Air Force One (1997)
Scream 2 (1997)
Apolllo 13 (1995)
The Matrix (1999)
Tarzan (1999)
Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991)
Big Daddy (1999)
Batman Returns (1992)
A Bug's Life (1998)
The Waterboy (1998)
The Firm (1993)
The Mummy (1999)
Jerry Maguire (1996)
The Runaway Bride (1999)
As Good as It Gets (1997)
True Lies (1994)
Beauty and the Beast (1991)
The Santa Clause (1994)
Lethal Weapon 3 (1992)
Dr. Dolittle (1998)
Pocahontas (1995) Other popular toys:
-Furby
-Gak
-Barbie
-Bop Its
-Pokemon Playing Cards
-Roller Blades
-Koosh Ball Early 1990s
Neon Colors
Denim button down shirts, oversized sweaters
T-shirts, sweatshirts
Baby doll dresses
Black Leather Jackets

1991 and onwards women wore
tight fitting trousers with elastic boot straps
drainpipe jeans, colored tight and bike shorts Leggings and Exercise-wear
- Leotards were worn as tops with jeans
- dress shorts, baby-doll and mini-dresses
- white slouch socks and white sneakers
- white slouch socks worn over black leggins with Keds or Converse Sources:
http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/90stoys.html

http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/completelist/0,29569,2049243,00.html

http://spxtech.tripod.com/id4.html

wikipedia.org Technology:
-1990 Microsoft introduced Windows 3.0.
-1994 David Filo and Jerry Yang invented and founded the internet resource Yahoo. Yahoo became the largest search engine in the 1990’s for searching for web content on the World Wide Web.
-1995 Amazon.com and Ebay.com were invented so people who had a computer and the internet could shop online. Also in 1995 Toy Story was released becoming the first computer fully animated movie.
-1996 The Palm Pilot was went on sale, rewritable CD’s were introduced, and DVD’s went on sale.
-1997 the first MP3 player is invented by Tomislav Uzelac.
-1998 Google is invented.
-1999 the Millennium Bug scares all of the counties that have industrialized to computers.
-Cellphones reduced in size and allowed people to connect on a more personal level Alternative rock/post-punk was mainly an underground movement in the 80's, but it quickly became mainstreamed in the early 1990s. Mid 1990s
Hippie Look
-revival of 1960s fashion from 1994 onwards - hippie style - floral dresses, turtleneck
shirts, lace blouses and Gypsy tops
- long floral skirts
- overalls in which the legs of garment resemble shorts 1990s T.V. and Movies Toys Technology Fashion Sports Politics Literature Economy Game Shows:
Who Wants to be a Millionaire Men's Fashion
"The Grunge" Look
-decline in bright colors from 1995 till late 2000s
heavy metal fashion
flannel shirts
stonewashed blue jeans
dark colors ( marooon, forest green, brown, black)
popular among skaters
Converse
Doc Martens Boots
colorful board shorts
cut-off jean shorts Oklahoma City Bombing April 19,1995
domestic terrorist bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building by Timothy McVeigh
killed 168 people and injured more than 680 people
damaged hundreds of nearby buildings and cars
As a result the U.S. passed the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 and other legislation increasing protection around federal buildings Columbine High School massacre April 20, 1999
Columbine, Colorado
School shooting in which Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold murdered 12 students and one teacher, injured over 20 people and then killed themselves
As a result more emphasis was put on school security, gun control and reducing teen bullying and violence Grunge emerged from Seattle, Washington in the late 80's as the combination of punk rock and heavy metal. With the popular releases of Nirvana's Nevermind and Pearl Jam's Ten in the early 90's, grunge became the dominant form of American alternative rock, influencing other musicians like Smashing Pumpkins and Jeff Buckley. Influenced by British guitar music of the 60's and glam rock of the 70's, Britpop emerged in the mid-90's as a major musical force in alternative rock worldwide. The movement was led by Oasis and Blur, and after it's dissolution it led the way to the fame of the British bands Radiohead, The Verve, and Coldplay. The early 90's saw the end of the hip hop Golden Age, a diverse and productive period in the history of hip hop led by Run-D.M.C., The Beastie Boys, Eric B. and Rakim, and Public Enemy. The mid-90's would usher in a more consumer based brand of mainstream hip hop, which was less focused on individualism and regional style. Hip-hop fashion
oversized baseball jackets
bomber jackets
Baja Jackets
tracksuits
baggy carpenter jeans
cargo pants
overalls
camouflage (chocolate chip pattern worn during Operation Desert Storm The "Preppy" look became popolar among the wealthy. (Boat Shoes, Polos, Khaki slacks, Blazers, sweater vests) Hairstyles Women
straight smooth hair based off of Jennifer Aniston's character Rachel in the TV show Friends
short fringe cut
Bleached Blonde hair
Bangs Men
shorter compared to past decades
curtained hair and small ponytails
Side partings
Shaving full head became acceptable
spiky hair
crew cuts
variants of the quiff
blonde highlights and streaks Teenagers
Long Hair
shaggy surfer hair
dreadlocks
bowl cut (skaters)
High-top fade (hip hop fans)
head bands and scrunchies for girls
side pony tails and bangs Bill Clinton (1992 - 2000) 42nd president of the United States
1st baby boomer president
prior to presidency he was the Governor of Arkansas
won election because he appealed to the youth ages 18-25 Domestic Foreign Clinton wanted to make the United States peacekeepers
ex: between
Israiles and PLO
IRA and English
Somalia
Yugoslavia/Bosnia (ethnic clensing) NAFTA
-North American Free Trade Agreement
Free trade between the United States, Canada and Latin America.
Clinton and the US wanted to build up their borders and eliminate tarriffs USS Cole
suicide attack against the United States Navy guided-missile destroyer USS Cole (DDG-67) on 12 October 2000
harbored and being refueled in the Yemen port of Aden.
17 American sailors were killed, and 39 were injured.
This event was the deadliest attack against a United States Naval vessel since 1987.
The terrorist organization al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for the attack Impeachment (December 19, 1998) Bill Clinton Had an affair with
Monica Lewinsky, former White House intern When public finds out, Clinton lies about affair under oath. The affair is proven to be true and the House of Representatives impeached him under 2 charges
pergury
obstruction of justice (tampered with eveidence and tried to get Lewinsky to hide deny the affair) He was acquitted by the Senate on February 12, 1999.
only 50 senators (out of 100) voted guilty on the obstruction charge and 45 on the perjury charge
The Senate was 17 votes short of removing Clinton from office Michael Jordan NBA basketball player idolized by millions world wide
helped the Chicago Bulls win 6 NBA titles throughout the 90s
endorsements include Gatorade, Nike, McDonalds
Famous Jordan Basketball shoes Hardcore hip hop and Gangsta rap emerged in the mid to late 90's as the dominant forms of hip hop. This genre was led by rappers like Dr. Dre, Tupac, Notorous B.I.G., Snoop Dogg, and Jay-Z Tiger Woods
showed that golf is not only a white sport Catchy R&B songs dominated the charts for much of the 90's by world-famous artists such as Whitney Houston, Michael Jackson, Boyz II Men, and Mariah Carey. Lance Armstong
battled testicular cancer and won the Tour de France Baseball Orginally had domed stadiums
fans demanded natural grass and ability to see blue skies
Owners responded with construction of new baseball stadiums
this paved the way for new Hockey and football stadiums Sources:
http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/90stoys.html

http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/completelist/0,29569,2049243,00.html

http://spxtech.tripod.com/id4.html

www.wikipedia.org

www.images.google.com

http://library.thinkquest.org/22059/index2.html
http://www.answers.com/topic/what-was-the-1990s-boom
http://web.mit.edu/cultureshock/fa2002/jacob_2.htm

The American Pageant, 13th Edition

www.goodreads.com

http://www.retrowaste.com/1990s/music-in-the-1990s/songs-from-the-1990s/ NHL The NHL expanded in the 1990s from 21 to 30 teams
several teams relocated to new cities ( Winnipeg Jets moved to Arizona and became the Phoneix Coyotes)
moved to cities that never had NHL hockey (made sport more popular nationwide)
Long time Hockey Star Wayne Gretzky announced his retirement from the NHL in 1999 By: Alex T., Amber Wendler,
Orla Martin and Tori C. Professional Wrestling became popular in the 1990s
WWE
Hulk Hogan, Stone Cold Steve, The Rock NFL Return of the Dallas Cowboys
won superbowl XXVII
Troy Aikman threw 4 touchdown passes
Former NFL player OJ Simpson Trial

College Basketball 1990: The Hubble Space Telescope was launched Duke began and solidified its prestige as a college basketball program in the 1990s
1992 beat Kentucky in the Final Four (Laettner's last second jumpshot)

Shaquille O'Neal terrorized college basketball and then took his talents to Orlando. The "Fab Five" Five elite players of the Michigan college basketball team
1- Chris Webber
2- Jalen Rose
3- Juwan Howard
4- Jimmy King
5- Ray Jackson The Fab Five was the best freshmen recruiting class to be seen ever
They had exceptional talent and revolutionized college basketball Magic Johnson announces his retirement from the NBA due to contracting HIV
his situation shone light of the disease in unparalled proportions Women in Sports Women began to emerge as sport icons in the 1990s Title XI -1990, ended all discrimination against women athletes in college sports
the number of women the participated in college sports was 160,000
the number that participated in high school sports was roughly under 2 million US Womens National Soccer Team
took home the gold in the 1996 Olympics
won the 1999 World Cup against China
Brandi Chastain took off her shirt to celebrate the winning penalty kick
This was very controversial, the media saw this as wrong because Chastain was a woman and it was only socially acceptable for men to do this
Chastain claimed that if men can do it women can do it.
Today, both men or women who remove their shirts in celebration are penalized with a yellow card The Williams Sisters
became tennis icons Invented by Bill Bowerman and Phil Knight
became a global brand in the 1990s
had professional athletes such as Michael Jordan sponsor their product, increasing sales and advertisement
Still to this day Nike remains the most popular sports gear company in the world Some major hit singles from the 90's included:

"I Will Always Love You" by Whitney Houston
"My Heart Will Go On" by Celine Dion
"Smells Like Teen Spirit" by Nirvana
"Candle in the Wind 1997" by Elton John
"...Baby One More Time" by Britney Spears
"Smooth" by Santana featuring Rob Thomas
"Marcarena" by Los Del Rio Nike was boycotted in the 1990s for unfair and harsh treatment of factory workers in developing countries In the 1990's, popular literature was spearheaded by authors like Stephen King, J.K. Rowling, and Michael Chrichton. MAJOR LITERARY CONTRIBUTIONS The dot-com bubble was the rapid increase in stock speculation in internet-based businesses during the late 90's, which was caused by the modern web browser (www.) which was created in 1993. This increase in speculation continued until 2000. The Hubble Telescope, which was designed to take precise images in space while remaining in Earth's orbit, was launched in 1990 and remains in space today. It's pictures have been of great importance for the global scientific community, and its detailed pictures have contributed to the computation of the rate of expansion of the universe, among other things. END OF THE COLD WAR The demise of the Soviet Union began when Mikhail Gorbachev came to power as its General Secretary in 1985. In order to stimulate the country's stagnent economy, he instituted the policies of glasnost (democracy, literally "openness" and perestroika (economic freedom).

This would end up breaking apart the Soviet Union, because as it became a single-party democracy, it practiced non-intervention in its satellite states. Beginning with Poland, many Soviet satelite states had revolutions in 1989, solidifying their independence from the communist state. In 1990, the Soviet Union was no more as Boris Yeltsin became the first Russian president. By the end of 1991, the Soviet Union had split up into 15 republics. NAFTA or the North American Free Trade Agreement (1994) was designed to lower and remove barriers to trade such as tariffs between Canada, the United States, and Mexico. Some positives included an overall increase of trade and investment, and an improved economy. Labor also became cheaper, which benefitted big business. However, many Americans who opposed the agreement felt that their wages and jobs were being threatened by Mexican labor. The 90's was a decade of major economic prosperity, as a stock market boom lasted from 1994 to 2000. This was arguably the most economically successful period in United States history and coincided with productivity gains and increased trade throughout the world. However, the extreme rich-poor gap which became visible in the late 70's continued to grow in this period. 1996 Atlanta Summer Olympics Largest Olympics
197 nations competed
most hyped and most commercialized Olympics Centennial Olympic Park Bombing
terrorist attack on Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta (considered to be the"town square" of Olympics)
thousands were gathered for a concert by Jack Mack and the Heart Attack
bombing killed 1 person and injured 111
At first didn't know the suspect
found out it was Eric Robert Rudolph because of similar bombing to two abortion clinics in Atlanta area
Rudolph sentenced to 4 life terms United States Medals
Gold = 44
Silver = 32
Bronze = 25
Total = 101 Gold Medalists included
Michael Johnson - 200m, 400m
Both Men and Women Basketball team
Women Gymnastics
Women Soccer George H. W. Bush (1989-1993) 41st president of the United States
succeeded Ronald Reagan Domestic
Bush faced the problem of what to do with leftover deficits spawned by Reaganomics from the Reagan years
1990- American w/ Disabilities Act
vetoed the job-discrimination protection Civil Rights Act of 1990
Bush feared racial quotas would be imposed,
later approved watered-down Civil Rights Act of 1991 Mike Tyson lost his titles to underdog James "Buster" Douglas, by a knockout in round 10
Tyson was convicted of raping Desiree Washington and sentenced to six years in prison but was released after serving three years Boxing
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