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US history

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Ariana Black

on 28 September 2012

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Transcript of US history

By: Ariana Black, Maddie Chappell,
Andrew Price, Spencer Ratte,
and Mel Cropley American History Timeline photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr The Americans were unhappy about their lack of representation under British rule, so they decided to strike back; they held strikes and organized protests, like the Boston Tea Party. Eventually they beat the British out of America and we declared our independence. American Revolution
(1775-1783) The United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor early 1898. It ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris late 1898 and the Spanish lost its control over Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines Islands, and Guam. Spanish-American War
(1898) The Civil War, fought between the United and Confederate States of America, was sparked not only over a discrepancy in policy on slaveholding (South being mainly pro and North being mainly against), but also because of difference in governmental policy and various other catalysts. The war was resolved with a Union victory, the abolishment of slavery, and the reconstruction of the combined north and south United States of America. American Civil War
1861 - 1865 A war mainly fought between the colonies of Britain and France. The name refers to the French forces and the Native Americans allied with them. French and Indian War (1754 - 1763) Mexican War
1846-1848 This is the Battleship Maine This is the Boston Tea Party, the most famous protest in the American Revolution This war was fought between America and Britain forces. America declared war for many reason, one was because of trade restriction from the war between Britain and France. War of 1812 Vietnam
(1959-1975) The United States joined this war, which many said was unwinable, simply to prevent the spread of communism in Vietnam. We did lose, but it was a reminder as what not to do in future wars WWII
(1939-1945) The war started when Germany invaded Poland, and France declared war on Germany. Adolf Hitler wanted to create the perfect Germany, and took harsh action to do so. Many Americans were against joining the Vietnam War 2nd Industrial Revolution
(1870-1914) The second industrial revolution was fueled by the enormous need for things like steel and oil. During this time, the automoblie was invented and electricity was widely used. This is the first automobile, which was invented during this era. Marbury vs. Madison
(1803) At the end of his term, President John Adams had elected William Marbury as Justice of the Peace but the next president, Thomas Jefferson, refused to acknowledge this and directed his Secretary of State James Madison to refuse to deliver Marbury's commission, and therefore Madison got sued by Marbury. This is a cartoon version of what went on in the Marbury v. Madison case. Roe vs. Wade
(1973) Roe v. Wade is a Supreme Court case about women having the right to a safe, legal abortion. This is still an ongoing debate today, and a women's right to an abortion is still as of yet undecided. This is an ongoing debate about whether abortion should be legal or not Declaration of Independence
(1776) This is the most important document in American history because it declares our independence from Britain. It also outlines our rules and regulations that came from the heart of the people This document, written by Thomas Jefferson, begins with the famous words, "We the People" This is a document stating that Missouri was a slave state, and Maine was a free state. This lasted until the Kansas-Nebraska act was passed. Missouri Compromise
(1820-1821) This is a cartoon version of what went on in the Missouri Compromise. Seneca Falls Convention
(1848) This was a gathering of about 300 people to protest that women should have the same rights that men do. This included the right to vote, and all of these except that were passed. One of the amendments that wasn't passed was the woman suffrage amendment. This was a document issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. It declared that all slaves were free and it outlawed slavery in the whole U.S. Emancipation Proclamation
(1863) This document was amazing news for slaves all over, for it declared their legal freedom. The 19th Amendment of the Constitution gave women the right to vote, which was a huge accomplishment for women everywhere. 19th Amendment Passed
(1920) So many women were ecstatic when the 19th Amendment was passed, because they believed it was one step closer to having equal rights to men. Hiroshima
(1945) At the end of WWII the U.S. ordered a surrender of Japan, and if they didn't, there would be 'prompt and utter destruction'. Japan refused, so the U.S. dropped a nucleur boy named Little Boy on Hiroshima, Japan, completely obliterating it. This is the mushroom cloud that blossomed over Hiroshima as the atomic bomb exploded. Cuban Missile Crisis
(1962) Cuban Missile Crisis
(1962) This is when Cuba was caught making nucleur weapons secretively with reconnaissance cameras. Then an agreement was made that if Cuba didn't attack the U.S., the U.S. wouldn't declare war on Cuba. 9/11
(2001) This is when an Islamist terrorist group, al Qaeda, blew up two airliners simultaneously and they crashed into the Twin Towers, killing hundreds of thousands of people in the airliner, in the buildings, and rescue crews. This has caused agonizing grief for many families across the country. This is a memorial for all the people who died on that tragic day. 1990-1991 Desert Storm The Cold War was a period of tension between the United States and the Soviet Union, and despite the title of the event, scarce legitimate fighting occurred. The Soviet Union and its allies encouraged and aimed to spread communism, whilst the United States its supporting countries opposed the governmental system. As oppression lessened, debt increased in the Soviet Union, and the Berlin Wall fell, nationalism won over and forced the nation to disband, signalling the end of the war. Cold War
1945 - 1991 Was an operation in the persian gulf war. Was when the Iraq troops invaded Kuwait. A war between the Republic of Korea and The Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Mainly, it was the result of the political division of Korea by the Allies at the end of WWII Korean Conflict
1950 - 1953 1st Industrial Revolution
1750 - 1850 A period in history when changes in manufacturing, transportation, mining, agriculture, and technology had a considerable effect on social, cultural, and economic conditions. It began in the UK before spreading to Western Europe, North America, Japan, and eventually the rest of the world. The Afghanistan War is a sub military action under the global War On Terror, carried out by the United States, United Kingdom, and various other NATO and non-NATO nations. This section of the GWOT was primarily triggered by the September 11 attacks on the United States, and is carried out with the goal of dismantling the al-Quaeda terrorist organization based in Afghanistan. Afghanistan War
2001 - Present 1865-1877 Reconstruction McCarthyism, or the Second Red Scare, was called so due to its large supporter and promoter, Senator Joseph McCarthy, proliferating the idea of communistic high ranking United States officials and other instances of communism within United States government. As popular opinion changed and McCarthy made increasingly outlandish accusations, the Red Scare faded as general society realized there was not much to fear in way of communism. McCarthyism (Red Scare)
Roughly 1947 Social movements in the US aimed at ending racial discrimination against African Americans. It was characterized by campaigns of civil resistance, acts of nonviolent protests and civil disobedience. African American Civil Rights Era
1955 - 1968 Came after the civil war. It was the time when the US was trying reunite the southern and northern states. 1856-1857 Dred Scott Decision This Supreme Court case marked the overturn of the unconstitutional segregation laws present in schools.This victory aided in the overall success of the civil rights movement. Brown vs Board of Education
1954 The first military engagements of the Revolutionary War. These battles marked the start of open-armed combat between the 13 North American colonies and Great Britain. Lexington and Concord
1775 was a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that people of African descent brought into the United States and held as slaves (or their descendants,[2] whether or not they were slaves) were not protected by the Constitution and were not U.S. citizens. Transcontinental Railroad Completed
1869 Louisiana Purchase
1803 - 1804 1675-1678 King Philip's War Boston Tea Party
December 16, 1773 The acquisition of France's claim to Louisiana by the US. The US paid 60 million francs and cancelled France's debts of about 18 million francs to pay for it. Carried out by the political protest group The Sons Of Liberty, the Boston Tea Party was a revolt against the high British taxation on tea in the American colonies. Outraged at the fact that they were being taxed not by their own elected officials but by British Parliament, the group dumped a shipment of tea into the Boston Harbor. This event led to the growth of support for the American Revolution. The Trail of Tears is the name given to the forced relocation of members of the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. In 1831 the Choctaw were the first to be removed, followed by the Seminole in 1832, Muscogee in 1834, Chickasaw in 1837, and the Cherokee in 1838. Trail of Tears
1830 - 1838 2nd Iraq War
2003 Held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, this convention was organized with the intent of correcting or amending the current Articles of Confederation (the governing articles post freedom from Britain), yet it concluded with the creation of the United States Constitution. The delegates overseeing the procedure included chief figures such as James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, and George Washington was elected to preside over the convention. Constitutional Convention
May 14 - September 17, 1787 First Indian War; was an armed conflict between Native American inhabitants of present-day New England and English colonists and their Native American allies. 1781 Battle of Yorktown This act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, which opened new lands for settlement. It also repealed the Missouri Compromise by allowing settlers to determine through popular sovereignty whether to allow slavery in each territory. Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854 Nat Turner's Rebellion
August 1831 Led by Nat Turner, this slave rebellion led to the murder of anywhere from 55 to 65 white people by rebel slaves. While this Southampton County, Virginia rebellion was put down within two days, it raised widespread fear as white militias were formed in retaliation. Nat Turner survived in hiding for two months after the rebellion, yet he was eventually found and hanged. Built from 1863 to 1869, the Transcontinental Railroad was the first means of transportation to effectively link both sides of the United States. Reaching from Council Bluffs, Iowa/Omaha, Nebraska to Oakland California, this marked one of the most technologically impressive feats of the 19th century, and was an important trade and transportation route. Surrender of Yorktown. The Americans were led by George Washington. One of the last major battles of the American Revolution. The Mexian War was a conflict that resulted from tightening tensions between the U.S. and Mexico, much due to the annexation of Texas. Both nations finally settled on the Rio Grande as the national border. Ellis Island, in New York Harbour was the gateway for millions of immigrants to the US between 1892 and 1954. The immigrants processed here generally spent 2 to 5 hours on the island, unless they were detained or, more rarely, sent back. Ellis Island
Opened 1892 D-Day refers to the Normandy landings, which began the Allied invasion of Normandy. The landings occurred in two phases, an airborne assault landing around midnight, and an amphibious landing commencing around 6:30am. D-Day
June 6th, 1944 1830 Tom Thumb Invented Berlin Wall Built
1961 The tom thumb was invented by Peter Cooper. It was one of the first locomotives invented. The Iraq war was the result of
tightening tensions in the middle east after 9/11,
throughout the war we
witnessed the execution of
Saddam Hussein (2006) and the obvious
lessening tensions with Iraq 1850 Compromise of 1850 The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by East Germany that completely cut off West Berlin from East Berlin and surrounding East Germany. The wall included guard towes, anti-vehicle trenches, and other such defenses. Telephone Invented
1876 Five bills, passed in September 1850, which defused a four-year confrontation between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War. A deceptively controversial topic, the invention of the telephone is credited to many individuals, Alexander Graham Bell arguably being the most famous among them. Though various similar contraption were created by other inventors within the same few years, Alexander Graham Bell was the first to create obtain a patent for a truly practical telephone. Far quicker and more accessible to send long distance messages than prior methods, this invention revolutionized communication at the time. 1863 Gettysburg The Great Depression
1929 - about 1940 It was the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War, and is often described as the war's turning point. 1909 NAACP created The Great Depression was a large scale economic downturn that phased the U.S. for over a decade. Through this period Americans watched the stock market crash, unemployment rate soar to 25%, The Berlin Wall Falls
1989 Is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909. Its mission is; to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination Carried out by the Japanese Imperial Navy, this surprise military strike against the naval base on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii was a preventive measure aiming to keep the United States from interfering with military actions Japan was planning. The opposite effect was had, The United State’s retaliation effectively being to join World War Two against Japan and its allies. The Attack on Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941 1945 Yalta Conference. The meeting was intended mainly to discuss the re-establishment of the nations of war-torn Europe. Within a few years, with the Cold War dividing the continent, Yalta became a subject of intense controversy. To some extent, it has remained controversial. 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis known as the October crisis in Cuba and the Caribbean crisis (Russian: K ) in the USSR—was a 13-day confrontation between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side and the United States on the other; the crisis occurred in October 1962, during the Cold War. After a week or so of “peaceful protesting,” it was announced that the Berlin wall was open. During the weeks that followed citizens from both East and West Germany began to chisel chips off the wall, it wasn’t until June of 1990 that the East German Military began fully dismantling the wall. On May 1 1960, during the Cold War, a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down over Soviet Union Territory. While the United States first attempted to cover up the incident, they had to admit that it was in fact surveillance mission. U2 Spy Plane Shot Down
1960 Within the Vietnam War, on the holiday Tet a ceasefire was to ritualistically occur. To seize the element of surprise, the People’s Army of Vietnam launched an attack against the forces of the Republic of Vietnam and its allies when none were expected. The attack consisted of many synchronized assaults on small towns, to lure away or otherwise occupy guards, then attack large cities when they were left undefended. Tet Offensive
January 30 1968 The Boston Massacre started when British soldiers, whom were in Massachusetts to enforce British taxes, killed five colonists.
The resulting revolt, political tension, and public uproar were considered a 'massacre', therefore known as the Boston Massacre. Boston Massacre
1770 This is our most valued symbol of liberty, for it officially declares our independence from British rule. It was drafted, written, and signed by Thomas Jefferson and is still highly valued today. Declaration of Independence
1776 The cotton gin helped revolutionize the nation, and to an extent, helped cause the 2nd Industrial Revolution. Rather than using the time consuming process of getting rid of the cotton seeds and such by hand, the cotton gin could simply do this by the turning of a crank. Cotton Gin Invented
1794 On his last day in office, President John Adams oppointed William Marbury as the new justice of the peace, but the next presidents' secretary of state, James Madison, refused to deliver Marbury's commission. Marbury sued Madison for not doing so, for he thought it extremely unfair. Marbury vs Madison
1803 Although crude versions had been made before, Smuel Morse (1791-1872) came up with the first practical electric telegraph. Using an electromagnet, Morse came up with the first telegraph that could be used successfully nearly all the time. The telegraph was essentially gave birth to modern day long distance communication. Telegraph Invented
1832 This is when a group of about 300 people, including 40 men, gathered together to declare that women should have the same rights as men, including the right to vote. Their other resolutions were all granted willingly, but women did not have the right to vote until the 19th Amendment was passed(1920). Seneca Falls Convention
1848 It was concidered a revolutionary book, due mainly to it's then quite contrevercial viewpoints on slavery. It was a hit, in the first year alone, it sold nearly 300,000 copies. It is arguably considered one of the catalysts for the Civil War. Uncle Tom's Cabin Published
1852 Santee bands in Minnesota attempted to drive away settlers who were intruding on their indigenous lands. By the end, around 400 settlers, 70 US soldiers, and 30 Santee had been killed, while another 300 Santee men were sentenced to death. Native American Plains War
1862 The Dawes Act, essentially, let the president divide Indian Territory tribal land (Modern Day Eastern Oklahoma) into sections for individual indians. Only four years later in 1891, the law was amended and then again in 1896. Oklahoma became a state in 1907. Dawes Act
1887 Upheld state laws requiring for racial segregation of public facilities and places; such as diners, restrooms, among other things. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 declared any racial segregation or non equal rights based on race, unjust. Plessy vs Fergusson
1896 World War One
1914 Prohibition
1920-1933 This is when the U.S. dropped a nucleur bomb, nicknamed Little Boy, on Hiroshima after Japan refused to surrender. Japan had been forwarned that if they didn't surrender then "immediate and total destruction" would occur. Hiroshima
August 6, 1945 During the blockade of Berlin, supplies were flown in to the sectors of the city under western control, due to blockades preventing all conventional routes of supply. Western allies organized over 200,000 flights to deliver food, fuel, and other necessities. Berlin Airlift
1948 Montgomery Bus Boycott
1955 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 paved the way for equality of all races. It made discrimination based upon race illegal. Civil Rights Act
1964 Miranda vs Arizona
1966 This is about the ongoing battle over whether women should have the right to a safe and legal abortion. In Roe v. Wade, it was actually passed as a law that women could get a safe and legal abortion, but it is still a serious disagreement today. Roe vs Wade
1973 This is when an Islamist terrorist group set off bombs in two different airliners simultaneously, sending them into the Twin Towers, killing hundreds of thousands of people. This is still very sad and tragic today to remember all the people that died and their families. 9/11
September 11, 2001 This cherished document begins with the famous words "We the People" This is a memorial remembering all the people who died on 9/11 Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian-Serb student and member of Young Bosnia, assassinated the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo, Bosnia. This caused the start of the war. a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, Civil Rights Act
1964 This was a decision by the Supreme Court that any statements made during an interrogation will only be admissible at trial if the defendant was informed of the right to consult with an attorney, and the right against self-incrimination before the questioning began. This had a significant impact on law enforcement, and is now an important part of routine police procedure.
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