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Transcript of Ancient Greece
Many of Ancient Greek people made their living from farming. The landscape and climate made it hard to farm in Greece, they were also surrounded by the Mediterranean sea. Through their interaction with other civilizations, they were great in making metal, that was used to make pots and many other things.
Social and Political Organization
Ancient Greece had many regions that had different governments. Athens was a democracy, and Sparta was a oligarchy. Social classes applied to men only. In Greek states, free citizens were divided by slaves which were the lower class. In ancient Greece, Slaves were very important in Ancient Greece. Slaves had no power and status, and owners were not allowed to beat or kill their slaves.
The Greeks thought of a different Economy than what we have. Taxes were not well developed in ancient Greece. Slaves and rich people didn't pay taxes. Only those who had enough money would pay for taxes. The taxes paid to the government were paid in wheat. Trading played an important role in ancient Greece. Greece traded pottery, olive oil, and gold, silver, and bronze vessels, for luxury items and raw material. All the slaves did the labour in ancient Greece.
Myths and Legends
In ancient Greece, there were many myths. For example: How Prometheus gave fire to men, Theseus and the Minotaur, Jason and the Golden Fleece, Perseus and Medusa, Achilles and the Trojan war, and many more myths. The main god were the twelve Olympians. The twelve Olympians are Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hades, Athena, Ares, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Aphrodite, Demeter, and Dionysus.
Ancient Greeks usually ate bread and porridge, accompanied with food such as cheese, vegetables, fish, eggs and fruit and drank wine. They wore homemade clothing, that was a fabric which was used to make a blanket. A Greek house has 2 or 3 rooms, and was made of wood, stone, or clay bricks. In Athens, children were to be trained in the arts, and to prepare for both, peace and war and girls were not allowed to go to school. In Sparta, children were educated to produce a drilled and disciplined marching army, and girls training were not as harsh as the boys. The wealthy had better clothing, better houses, but they ate as much as the poor, just some more bread and wine.
Greek ceremonies and rituals were mostly performed at altars, as they often sacrificed many animals. The Greeks believed that if you don't have a proper funeral you go to the underworld. If they had a proper funeral, then that person's spirit would never reach the underworld and instead, they as a ghost would stay at the upper world forever.
Ancient Greece created the democracy. The democracy was an important type of government, it was a type of government that was a voting system. The democracy was also fair system of government. Modern Canada is a democracy. The Greeks also invented the olympics. The olympics began 776 BC in Olympia, and the olympics were games that were held to honor Zeus. The Greeks made the Parthenon. The Parthenon is a temple built to honor Athena, the goddess of wisdom.
I admired Greek art and buildings. I also found Greek myths to be interesting. I wouldn't have liked to be a member of this civilization because it's a ancient civilization, but ancient Greece created many inventions that helped us nowadays.
The greeks usually ate 3-4 meals a day. They usually ate porridge, bread, cheese, vegetables, fish, eggs, olives, fruit and drank wine. Meat wasn't eaten a lot, because of religious beliefs. They ate a lot of seafood, because they were close to the sea. Bread and wine were mainly eaten in their diet. They didn't use spoons, knives and forks to eat, as they used bread to use as a spoon, and they use bread as napkins. They didn't have sugar, so they sweetened their food with honey. The rich ate just as much as the poor, just some more bread and wine.
Ancient Greece was located in Europe.
City-States of ancient Greece
The clothing they wore was a long robe that were made out of linen or wool. The clothing were mostly homemade. belts held their robe in place. Men's robes covered the shoulders to their knees, and women's robes covered from the shoulders to their ankles. They could also buy clothes from the marketplace which was called an agora. Clothes from the agora was expensive. The rich would have more fancy clothes than the poor. In the olympics, they wore no clothes to honor their human body.
The poor and rich lived in different houses. A poor Greek house has 2 or 3 rooms, and was made of wood, stone, or clay bricks. The rich houses had many rooms, and the floors and walls were decorated.
In Athens, children were by a slave at home, until they reached the age of 6. Children were to be trained in the arts, and to prepare for both, peace and war and girls were not allowed to go to school. In Sparta, children went to school at the age 6-7. They were educated to produce a drilled and disciplined marching army, and girls training were not as harsh as the boys.
The Greeks invented the democracy. A democracy is a fair type of government that's a voting system. Modern Canada is a democracy.
The Greeks also invented the olympics. The olympics began 776 BC in Olympia, and the olympics were games that were held to honor Zeus.
The Greeks made the Parthenon. The Parthenon is located on the Acropolis. It was built to honor Athena, the goddess of wisdom.
Theseus and the Minotaur
Once upon a time, on the island of Crete lived a king named Minos. When Minos got bored, he would attack Athens. Then Athens made a deal with Minos, if Minos leaves Athens alone, they would send seven Athenian boys and seven Athenian girls to be eaten by the Minotaur. The Minotaur was a monster that was half-human and half-bull, and lived in the middle of the Labyrinth. Nine years came and then, a boy named Theseus had to think of a way for the boys and girls not to get eaten. So Theseus came with the seven boys and girls to Crete. Then the princess, Ariadne slipped a note under the doorway to Theseus. Ariadne gave Theseus a ball of string and a sword. In return, Ariadne wanted to sail away with Theseus so people could admire her beauty. The next day, Theseus went into the maze and killed the Minotaur. Then he quickly sailed away with the boys, and girls, and Ariadne.
The 3 main Achievements