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Modern China Project

China!
by

Julian Cheng

on 23 March 2013

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Transcript of Modern China Project

by Julian Cheng 5A Yellow Sea East China Sea South China Sea Beijing Hong Kong Macau The Himalaya Mountain Range Mount Everest 29,029 feet tall Pearl River Yangtze River Yellow River Liushi Shan 23,514 feet tall The Kunlun Mountains Tianshan Mountains Jengish Chokusu 24,406 feet tall Population: 1,354,040,000 people Guangzhou Shenzhen Sanya Xian Shanghai Tibetan Plateau Modern Shanghai, China Shanghai is the largest city by population in China and the largest city by population in the world too. It is classified as a 'Direct-Controlled Municipality', meaning that it is one of the four highest ranked cities in China. Shanghai has a big financial center called The Shanghai World Financial Center. It is a very busy city indeed, with a very advanced metro system. Shenzhen, China There are big amusement parks, factories, and trading ports in Shenzhen. Shenzhen is very near to Hong Kong, which is were we live! All you have to do is to cross the border at either Luo Hu, Sha Tau Jiao, Huanguang or Shekou and you're in Hong Kong. Shenzhen is one of China's major trade and finance city as it a special economic zone - allowing more business and trading. Cities of China Legend = City = Mountain = Mountain Range = Desert = Plateau Hong Kong, China Hong Kong is where we live! Hong Kong has a population of around seven million people, and is one of the most populated areas in the world. Hong Kong is near the Pearl River, a river in China. Hong Kong has many buildings and is near Shenzhen and Macau. Hong Kong was originally ruled by the British. Macau, China Similar to Hong Kong, it is near the Pearl River and is in the Guangdong Province. Historically, it was ruled by the Portuguese. It has a population of around 568,700 people. Alike Hong Kong, it borders a Chinese city - Zhuhai. Indeed, Macau is most known for its booming casinos, which generates a lot of income for Macau. It can be reached easily from Hong Kong by ferry at Kowloon and Hong Kong Island. Tianshan Mountains Located at the northwestern region of China, the
Tian Shan Range is regarded as one of the most
northern mountains in the world, with peaks over 20,000
feet. Hence, such factors allow the Tian Shan
mountains to have a very cold climate -
with winter temperatures falling to -40 Degrees
Celsius. The highest point of the Tianshan, Jengish Chokusu is however, shared between Kyrgyzstan and China. Google Maps
Google Earth
Google Images
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jengish_Chokusuhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianshan_Mountainshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liushi_Shan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kunlun_Mountains
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_population
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tibetan_Plateau
http://www.china-holiday.com/english/chinamap/chinamap.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct-controlled_municipalities_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_economic_zone#In_the_People.27s_Republic_of_China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_administrative_region
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanya
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guangzhou
http://www.chinahighlights.com/guangzhou/guangzhou-facts.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_River
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yangtze_River
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pearl_River_(China)
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_benefits_did_china_get_from_the_gobi_desert
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_animals_live_in_the_gobi_desert
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobi_Desert
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi'an#Metro
http://www.chinahighlights.com/xian/xian-facts.htm
http://www.helium.com/items/1630943-interesting-facts-about-the-yellow-river
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_makes_the_Yellow_River_yellow
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yangtze_River#cite_note-Yangtze_River_Turns_Red_and_Turns_Up_a_Mystery-23
http://blogs.nature.com/news/2012/09/why-has-the-yangtze-river-turned-red.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wall_of_China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forbidden_City
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terracotta_Army
http://www.chinaodysseytours.com/guilin/guilin-karst-hills-caves.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hangzhou
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Lake
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Gorges_Dam
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potala_Palace
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Bund
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chengdu_Research_Base_of_Giant_Panda_Breeding
http://www.hk.net.pl/hong-kong.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kunlun_Mountains
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Himalayas
http://facts.randomhistory.com/2009/05/04_china.html Sources: Sanya, China Sanya is is the second most southern city in China, in an area of 1,919.58 square kilometres. It is most noted for its warm climate even in the peak of winter, attracting many Chinese people in the northern parts of China to spend their winter vacation - as they can escape the -30 degree cold in northeast China. Because of this, there are many tropical beach resorts, making it one of China's only cities to have beach resorts. Beijing, China Beijing is the capital of China, has a population of more than 20,180,000 people. Beijing is the home to China's political power - the Chinese Communist Party, founded by Mao Ze Dong. Also, Beijing is the home to the Forbidden City and various seasonal palaces for emperors who ruled China during the dynasties. Winters in Beijing are cold and bitter, with temperatures at times falling to -20 degrees Celsius - making it one of the coldest capital cities with such a large population (no other capital city in the world with a population so large like Beijing has a colder winter.) Beijing is is also famous for its dumplings, which is a local delicacy when its cold outside. Of course, we must not forget, that the Great Wall of China is located north of Beijing. Guangzhou, China Guangzhou is located on the Pearl River and is China's third largest city. Guangzhou has a population of around 12,700,800 people, since it is quite a big city. Guangzhou is one of China's richest trading cities, and many traders and merchants like to go there to to trade and to earn money. Guangzhou can be quite hot and polluted, especially in the summertime. Since the Pearl River goes through Guangzhou, there are many boats that bring people on cruises on the Pearl River. Tibetan Plateau The Tibetan Plateau is the highest plateau in the world and is sometimes referred as the "Roof of the World". The soil there is completely permafrost all year round - meaning that the soil is frozen solid and no vegetation and plants can grow there. Despite the Tibetan Plateau's relevantly south location, it's extremely high elevation makes it's winters comparable to the cold temperatures in northern Alaska. The highest train station with a height of 16,627 feet above sea level, is also located on the Tibetan Plateau, which is called the Tanggula Railway Station. The Tibetan Plateau is also famous for it's many mountains surrounding it, such as the Kunlun Mountains. Here is a picture of a train on the Tibetan Plateau, going to the highest train station in the world. Yellow River The Yellow River is China's second longest river and the world's sixth longest river. The Yellow River is about 3,395 miles long.
The Yellow River flows into China's third largest basin, an area of around 290,000 square miles. The Yellow River flows through six different provinces and through part of the Tibetan Plateau before flowing out into the Yellow Sea. The Yellow Sea is named after it's yellow color due to the silt that is in the river. This silt is called loss, and it is a mineral found naturally in this river. Loss is an orange-is color and they is why the river looks that way. Gobi Desert Gobi Desert Xian, China The Gobi Desert shares two countries: China and Mongolia. The Gobi is a cold desert, with frost and sometimes even snow occurring on it's sand dunes. Besides being quite far north, it is also located on a plateau roughly 3,000–5,000 feet above sea level. Many sandstorms and snowstorms occasionally occur in the Gobi Desert. In the summer, the temperature can rise up to 40 degrees Celsius, and in the winter, the temperature can drop down to -40 degrees, making the Gobi Desert the coldest desert in the world, other than Antarctica (which is a desert too). Despite these harsh conditions, many animals live in the Gobi Desert. Gazelles, camels, snow leopards, lizards, oxen, wolfs, eagles, and bears all live in the Gobi desert. Many fossils and dinosaur eggs had also been found in the Gobi Desert in the past, and people are still finding them now. Some benefits the Gobi Desert gave to China is that it was a very good trading route and was a a natural border defense to stop enemies from the north of Asia to come and attack China, since the snow ans sand storms will slow the enemy down. Now, the Gobi Desert is still a source for minerals such as copper and gold, and even possibly oil! People are now thinking of "greening up" the Gobi Desert by adding irrigation, planting tree farms, and other possible things for farming uses. The Gobi Desert is and was a very important desert to many countries, especially China. Xian is home to then Terracotta Army and the terminus of the Silk Road. Xian is the capital of the Shaanxi Province, Temperatures in the summer can be very hot, sometimes even 40 degrees Celsius! There is around 8,467,837 people living in Xian, and there are many ancient ruins that are there. Xian is known as the "birthplace of China's civilization" and is the capital city of 13 imperial dynasties. Some popular food in Xian is dumplings and spicy noodles. There are also many museums where many terracotta figures such as terracotta horses. Many people say that if you go to China you MUST go to Xian. The Yangtze River The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia, with a length of 6,300 km. The Yangtze River is also the third longest river in the world. Since the Yangtze River is so long, it flows through many cities: Panzhihua, Yibin, Luzhou, Chongqing, Fengdu, Yichang, Jingzhou, Shashi, Shishou, Yueyang, Xianning, Wuhan, Ezhou, Huangshi, Huanggang, Chaohu, Chizhou, Jiujiang, Anqing, Tongling, Wuhu, Hefei, Chuzhou, Ma'anshan, Taizhou, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, Nanjing, Jiangyinm, Nantong, and Shanghai. There was also one point in 2012 when the Yangtze River actually turned red! Some people thought that it was caused by a type of pollution called "Dye Pollution", which makes the river tun to a certain color, And in this case, red. This is a picture of the Yangtze River when it was red. = Great Wall of China The Great Wall Of China Sites to See in China The Great Wall, measuring 21,196 km is mostly for protecting China from people who want to attack them. The Great Wall stretches from the center of China to Beijing, which is located in the east of China. The Great Wall was already built since the time when emperors ruled China, so this massive structure is a very ancient site. Now, many people who come to China visit the Great Wall during the holidays. When the Great wall was built, it wasn't as long as now, but people extended it year after year, till it was so long that the people didn't bother to extend it even more. The Great Wall of China Forbidden City The Forbidden City The Forbidden City was a palace from the Ming Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. The famous portrait of Mao Ze Dong hangs in the center of the Forbidden City. The Forbidden City consists of 980 buildings with 8,886 rooms. The Forbidden City takes up 720,000 square meters of land, which is quite a large amount of space. It took one million workers 3 years to build the Forbidden City. Now, many tourists come to the Forbidden City to see the many buildings and rooms. The Terracotta Warriors The Terracotta Warriors were found in 1974 by some local farmers that were digging up a well. The were just doing their own thing that they had to do, and suddenly they dug into an army of terracotta warriors! It was known that an emperor during the Qing Dynasty buried this long ago to keep the army safe. The terracotta army consisted of many warriors, horsemen, acrobats, and weapons such as battle axes, swords, and even shields, crossbows, and more. Terracotta Warriors Guilin Karst Mountains Karst Mountains The Karst Mountains is located in Yangshuo, China.
The Karst Mountains is famous for it's beautiful
shaped hills that form around the Li River. There
are many caves and valleys. In geographical terms,
the Karst Mountains is a rare example of Karst
Topography, The Karst Mountains were formed by
small hills underwater, and the water trned into
more land because of the weather. The Karst Mountains
is a fabulous place in China. Hangzhou West Lake
"Xi Hu" Hangzhou, China Hangzhou is located in the Zhejiang Province, and is one of the most beautiful places in China. One of it's famous places is West Lake (Xi Hu), and it is just the most fabulous places in China. There are lakes, hills, and valleys in West Lake, and there are also many flowers and lotus. Many tourists come and visit West Lake (Xi Hu) whenever they come to Hangzhou. China Three Gorges Dam The Three Gorges Dam The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric dam located on the Yangtze River. The Three Gorges Dam is the world's largest power station with around 34 generators. There are also locks in the dam, which is the machine that brings boats up and down different water levels. Some animals called River Dolphins live near the dam, but their species is endangered. Building started in 1994 and was fully functional in 2009. The Pearl River The Pearl River flows through Hong Kong, Macau, and Guangzhou. The Pearl River is China's third longest river and the second largest in volume. The Pearl River is around 2,400 kilometers long. Lhasa Potala Palace Potala Palace The Potala Palace is now a Chinese Museum in Lhasa, but it used to be where Dalai Lama, the Tibetan Buddhists' leader sat. The tomb of Dalai Lama is also located in the Potala Palace. The Potala Palace is located on the top of Red Hill. There are also a few parks near the Potala Palace. The Bund The Bund, Shangai The Bund was a very busy place for business in China during the 19th and 20th century. Many foreigners came to China, and there were many banks and shops in The Bund. The Bund is located near a river in Shanghai. There were many buildings along the road in The Bund, and there was a lot of business there. Chengdu Chengdu Panda Research Base Panda Research Center, Chengdu The Chengdu Panda Research Base is a place where Pandas and other rare and endangered animals are kept and taken care of.
They breed the animals so that more of that species will be alive. They started by rescuing 6 giant pandas, and now there are more than 100 pandas. Modernity in Hong Kong Hong Kong used to be a fisherman's village, but after the British and Chinese ruled Hong Kong, it changed Hong Kong completely. They made Hong Kong a modern city with many buildings. Hong Kong was full of water and barely had any land. Under the ruling of the British in 1842, Hong Kong gradually developed into a city. Even after the British handed over Hong Kong back to China in 1997, Hong Kong continued with its development as an international financial center in the region. The Kunlun Mountains The Himalaya Mountains The Himalaya Mountains is the tallest mountain range in the world. It passes through several countries including China, India, Nepal, and Bhutan. It is also home to Mount Everest, the tallest peak in the world, which stands at a mighty 29,029 feet. There are also many other tall peaks on the Himalayas including Annapurna in Nepal. It is very cold all year round and temperatures stay below 0 even in summer. There are also many border conflicts in the Himalayas, including one between China and India. The Kunlun Mountains is one of the longest mountain ranges in Asia. The highest mountain of the Kunlun Mountains is Liushi Shan, which stands at an elevation approximately 23, 514 feet. The Kunlun Mountains stretches for more that 3000 km. Thanks For Watching! Sorry about the hypnotizing (again) Here are some Interesting Facts You May Want To Know... 1. Fortune cookies are NOT originated from China, it was from a Noodle Factory in San Francisco! (fortune cookies from a noodle factory!!!)
2. China's population is FOUR times more than USA!! USA is stilll bigger than China, but has less population than China! (1,354, 040, 000 people in China!)
3. Ice Cream was originally invented in China, and Marco Polo brought the recipe back to Europe, and then Europe started to develop ice cream to be a great dessert!
4. The name of China's capital (which is Beijing) has been changed many times from Yanjing, Dadu, Beiping, the finally it was officially named Beijing!
5. The most important holiday in China is the Chinese New Year or Lunar New Year. Chinese traditionally believe that every person turns one year older on the New Year, so it is considered to be everyone’s birthday on that day!
6. In China, mirrors were believed to protect people from evil, making hidden spirits visible and revealing the secrets of the future. A person who had been scared by a ghost could be healed by looking in the mirror!
7. China's flag was officially created on September 1949 in Beijing. The red represents revolution. The big star represents communism, and the four little stars represent Chinese people!
8. The 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing were the most expensive games in history. While the 2004 Athens Games cost around $15 billion, the Beijing Games costs about $40 billion! (US dollars)
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