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Trans-Saharan Trade Routes

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Marvin Morales

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Trans-Saharan Trade Routes

Trans-Saharan Trade Routes Castellon, Byron
Morales, Marvin
Per. 2
AP World History The Saharan trade extended from the Sub-Saharan West African kingdoms across the Sahara desert to Europe. The Saharan Trade linked such African empires as Ghana, Mali, and Songhay to the European world.
the peak of trade extended from the 8th century until the late 16th century.
The trade routes have existed since 2000 BC,
regular trade routes did not develop until the beginnings of the Islamic conversion of West Africa in the 7th and 8th centuries.
The first permanent trade route was created in 1482
The three main empires of Africa were Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
People traveled in large caravans
Camels were the best technology to happen in African trade Basic Information
Camels have double rows of long eyelashes to keep the sand out
Camels can run at speeds of up to 65 km/h (40 mph)
Camels do not store water in their humps, their humps are actually fat
Camels only start to sweat at temperatures above 106 degrees.
Camel urine is sometimes drunk for medicinal purposes.
The camel is the only animal to have replaced the wheel (in North Africa)
The name "camel" comes from Arabic ml, meaning "beauty"
Nicknamed the “Ships of the Desert” Camel Fun Facts Major Cities Some of the major trading cites were:
Mali
Timbuktu
Jenne
Gao The Spread of Islam Not only were goods traded, but also different customs and religions, mainly Islam.
Islam was based in Arabia in the 7th century, but eventually spread through war and trade
People would adapt and end up liking the religion
A major help for the Islamic religion was Mansa Musa. He was the emperor of Mali and a devoted Muslim. Musa built a university for Muslims scholars in Tibuktu. When he went on his pilgrimage to Mecca. He shared so much gold, that he had to borrow money on his way back home. This made the Islam religion seem more appealing and spread all across Africa.
The Quaran and Arabic language also flourished with Islam Goods That Were Traded Gold and salt were the two main goods traded. There were more gold and salt mines than anything else in Africa. Salt came from the north, and gold came from the west.
Other goods that were traded were:
-Spices
- Ivory
- Kola Nuts (used as caffeine for coffee)
- Textiles
- Slaves
The use and trade of camels was crucial to African trade. The Berebers were the first to be known to domesticate camels
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