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Transcript of OSCA Presentation
The Process Start to Finish in 9 Steps
Integrating the Apprenticeship Pathway Into Your Guidance Dept.
- provide an equitable amount of apprenticeship resources available to students, parents and staff
- presentations (OYAP, Skills Canada, trade unions, http://www.employerregistry.ca/
- pathways fair
- field trips (technical schools, job sites, Skills Canada Competitions)
- student panel
- tech networking dinner
- partner with tech schools: invite to a department meeting to learn about programs,
organize tours, attend tech events, shadow a student
- integrate apprenticeship education into Careers class
- promote co-op and job shadowing
- trades week
What is Apprenticeship?
a workplace-based training program for people who want to work in a skilled trade
90% of the apprenticeship is on-the-job training under the supervision of skilled trades people/journeypersons
10% is done at a school or other approved delivery agent.
Occupations within Apprenticeship
Register as an Apprentice
A contract is drawn between the apprentice, the employer and Ministry of Training Colleges and Universities. (MTCU)
Apprentices receive their training standards book.
The contract is typically for a 9,000 hour apprenticeship PLUS
5 Terms of 1,800 hours
3 In-school training sessions of 8 weeks
Certificate of Qualification Exam
Minimum pay structure
Term 1- 40% of the journeyperson’s rate for that company
Term 2 – 50% of the rate
Term 3 – 60% of the rate
Term 4 – 70 % of the rate
Term 5 – 80 % of the rate
Certificate of Qualification completion = 100% of the journeyperson's rate
The apprentice begins the training under a journeyperson of the employer’s choice.
Apprentices must track their hours and get their training standards book signed by the journeyperson.
Level 1 (basic) Training at Trade School
scheduled by the MTCU (usually after the 2nd or 3rd term)
MTCU chooses the training agency
the curriculum is set by the MTCU for that trade (the College of Trades will be taking over this responsibility)
Back to Work
The apprentice returns to work after 8 or 9 weeks and continues to track hours and get training standard updated.
Level 2 (intermediate)
This training is often scheduled a year after completing Level 1.
Level 3 (advanced)
Once completed, a diploma is issued stating that the apprenticeship training has been completed. A date for the writing of the Certificate of Qualification Exam can now be set, as long as the other terms of the contract have been completed.
Certificate of Qualification
This exam is written under the direction of the MTCU (the College of Trades will be taking over this responsibility). Apprentices must get 65% or higher to pass. The exam is up to 4 hours long. Apprentices can write for their Red Seal accreditation as well giving them Inter-provincial certification.
This example was a Construction based Apprenticeship
Other trades (such as motive power) are less hours based and more competency based. The College of Trades can make changes to any of the current set up.
The Six Routes to Apprenticeship
One of these routes will be the way your students get started and hopefully complete an apprenticeship!
A person finds an employer or a union joint apprenticeship council that is willing to hire them and sign an apprenticeship contract with the MTCU.
Regular College Program
On graduation from Grade 12 a student attends community college. After completing a diploma, the student finds an employer and starts the experiential part of his or her apprenticeship. The MTCU training consultant will assess the situation and may grant some time credit for academic achievement. (Common to motive power, chef or welders.)
Co-op Diploma Apprenticeship Program
This path provides a direct route for people interested in pursuing apprenticeship training and obtaining a college diploma. Students in these programs pay full tuition and receive trades training, college certificate/diploma or other post-secondary credentials. The co-op placement gives students an important link to the industry.
Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP) – Regular Co-op Students
Any full time high school student who is at least 16 years old with at least 16 credits is eligible for OYAP. Students can become an apprentice through OYAP if the co-op teacher can get a licensed supervisor at the place of employment to sponsor the student. The student completes Grade 12 and starts their apprenticeship at the same time.
These programs are designed for a select group of OYAP students so that they can complete all or part of their Basic Level in-school trade training during their final semester. These students are on special timetables that include 440 hours for the co-op credits, plus up to 240 hours of in-school at a training-delivery agency.
– OYAP - “Specialized” Technological Studies/Co-op Programs
These are offered as 4th and 5th year OYAP opportunities in a school or board, often called concentrated programs. They combine intensive courses in a specific trade with a co-op. Writing the Level 1 exemption test upon completion is an option.
The best site in Ontario for apprenticeship information. Includes numerous resources including a Grade 10 careers lesson plan, a lot of downloads (info and videos) for students and help for apprentices and employers to find each other.
Skills Canada Ontario
An organization dedicated to encouraging young people to explore skilled trades and technology as a first choice career option.
Famous for its competitions, Skills Canada will also come to your school to do presentations on the value of technical careers. Check out their booklet on women working in the Skilled Trades.
Ontario College of Trades
The College came into being in April of 2013. It's an independent body with input from employers and skilled trades people. It will be the body that controls Apprenticeship ratios, compulsory certification, and training standards. Much of this work was originally done by the MTCU.
The Ontario Ministry of Training Colleges an Universities is the government body that dealt with all aspects of apprenticeship. Much of their role will be shifted over time to the College of Trades. MTCU will remain as the body that registers apprenticeship contracts and counseling apprentices.
Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program
This is the TDSB's OYAP site, but most Boards have one of their own.
There are resources available and a list of the programs run by the Boards, including when and how to apply to them.
The 4 major credits and intensive concentrated programing combine with co-op to provide a student with an edge in obtaining an apprenticeship. Industry certification and reach ahead activities help as well.
Who should consider apprenticeship?
(observations from our years at a "Tech School")
a) Students who like to build or repair
b) Kinesthetic Learners
c) Technical Training is involved, going into a trade does NOT mean the end of school