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Texture: Van Gogh: Sunflowers
Transcript of Texture: Van Gogh: Sunflowers
Van Gogh's mark-making techniques
Viewfinder section using dipping pen and ink
Viewfinder section using oil pastels
Viewfinder section using watercolour paints
Sunflower final piece
Use a different media in each
quarter of your final design
Mark-making in monoprinting
Collaging a viewfinder section of a shell
Use mark-making techniques to show shape and form
(1853 - 1890)
Van Gogh, born in the Netherlands in 1853, was educated and employed in a number of different professions before he decided to become an artist. He was in his mid-20s when he taught himself to draw. He then took lessons and advice from other artists he knew and met through his new career.
Van Gogh's finest works were produced in less than three years in a technique that grew more and more impassioned in brushstroke, in symbolic and intense color, in surface tension, and in the movement and vibration of form and line. Van Gogh's inimitable fusion of form and content is powerful; dramatic, lyrically rhythmic, imaginative, and emotional, for the artist was completely absorbed in the effort to explain either his struggle against madness or his comprehension of the spiritual essence of man and nature.
Read more at: www.vangoghgallery.com
Van Gogh's original style of Art was very sombre and dark. In 1886 he went to Paris to join his brother Théo, the manager of Goupil's gallery, where he met the artists Pissarro, Monet, and Gauguin. Their style of work influenced van Gogh and he began to lighten his very dark palette and to paint in the short brushstrokes of the Impressionists.
Did you know?
The term 'Impressionist' was first used as an insult.
People did not like the new style of painting made by artists such as Renoir, Monet, Pissarro and Degas.
Impressionism is now charactised by both the subject matter and the technique.
Landscapes, and scenes from modern urban and suburban life painted in bright, pure colours are typical. Impressionists often began (and sometimes completed) their paintings outdoors rather in a studio. Their rapidly applied brushstrokes are often visible.
Even more significant to the Impressionists was an interest in the way in which the human mind processes what it sees. When we look at a landscape, or a crowd of people, we do not instantly see every face, or leaf in detailed focus, but as a mass of colour and light. Impressionist painters tried to express this experience.
Paintings of people also changed around the time of Impressionism. The painters started painting the life of the middle-classes, who had been previously thought of as not worth painting because they were not rich enough, or not comical enough like the peasants.
Impressionist painters tried to express this experience.
Monet, Detail from
Bathers at La Grenouillère
, about 1869-70
The Water-lily Pond
The Beach at Trouville
The Boulevard Montmartre at Night
, about 1889
His nervous temperament and low self-confidence made him a difficult companion and night-long discussions combined with painting all day undermined his health. He decided to go south to Arles where he hoped his friends would join him and help found a school of art. Gauguin did join him but with disastrous results. Near the end of 1888, an incident led Gauguin to ultimately leave Arles. Van Gogh pursued him with an open razor, was stopped by Gauguin, but ended up cutting a portion of his own ear lobe off. Van Gogh then began to alternate between fits of madness and lucidity and was sent to the asylum in Saint-Remy for treatment.
Van Gogh died in 1890, after shooting himself
Did you know?
During his career, Van Gogh only sold one painting!
Lesson 1: Exploring mark-making
Split your page into 8 boxes.
Lesson 3: Using dipping-pen and ink to explore Van Gogh's mark-making technique
Draw a box in your book
Using a viewfinder copy the line work using a dipping-pen and ink.
The top 4 boxes label
'Van Gogh's Mark-Making'
The bottom 4 boxes label
In the Van Gogh boxes use a viewfinder
to find the most intersting mark-making
techniques to copy. (use a sharp pencil)
Van Gogh's mark-making techniques