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How Can We Reduce The Impact Of Earthquakes?

This is on Japan
by

Zayan S

on 18 December 2013

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Transcript of How Can We Reduce The Impact Of Earthquakes?

On Friday, March 11, 2011 at 05:46:24 on the East Coast of Honshu a 9 magnitude earthquake was recorded on the Richter Scale. This massive quake resulted in a recovery cost of an estimated $300billion and a death toll of 20,896.
Zayan Sait
mohammed.sait@isberne.ch
2-Dec-13
This is how future earthquake damage can be reduced on Honshu
The End
How can we the reduce impact of earthquakes inside buildings
Japan's seismologists had predicted that a smaller earthquake would strike the northern region of Honshu. They made a huge miscalculation about the location and the intensity of the quake. Nor did they predict such a large tsunami. The field of seismology has made huge progress in past years and scientists in Japan must upgrade their techniques to make more accurate predictions and reduce the errors in predictions.This could save thousands of lives.

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References: Works Cited
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Where is Honshu?
Of course in Japan... But where in Japan?
Honshu is the largest and most populated island of Japan. It is the seventh largest island in the world, and the second most populated after Indonesia's Java island.
Japan is located near the plate boundary of the Eurasian Plate, near the Philippines Plate, making it very vulnerable to frequent earthquakes. Japan is also located in the Ring Of Fire making in vulnerable to volcanoes as well.
Nuclear reactors cause major air, water and soil contamination during an earthquake and the after effects last for decades. The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant located on the Pacific coast of Honshu, Japan caused a disaster when the tsunami hit its walls causing thousands of gallons of contaminated radioactive water spilling into the Pacific Ocean. To prevent this from happening in future power plant should have barrier walls made to resist or at least reduce damage from Tsunamis. Second and very important future nuclear plants should not be planned by the coastline as the possibility of a leak and environmental disaster is huge.
Building Structures

In Japan, most modern building have been designed to withstand an earthquake with minimal damage, however older buildings and landmarks are at risk due to their weak infrastructure and building design. This also puts peoples life into risk.
How can we improve the building structures?
We can minimize the damage caused by earthquakes on buildings by making older generation buildings to be earthquake proof and to have a safe room, to be in during the earthquake.
The building structures
The building structures should be as followed:
*The Safe Room is not shown in the picture.

Donovan, Travis. "Sendai Earthquake 2011: Could Scientists Have Predicted Japan's Disaster?" The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 11 Mar. 2011. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

Foster, Peter. "Japan Earthquake: Country Better Prepared than Anyone for Quakes and Tsunamis." The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, 09 Sept. 0033. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

"Fukushima Moves Radioactive Water as It Braces for Typhoon Francisco - RT News." Fukushima Moves Radioactive Water as It Braces for Typhoon Francisco - RT News. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

"Honshu (island, Japan)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2013.

"Honshu Mw=9 Earthquake 11 March 2011." Honshu Earthquake 2011. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
By Zayan
mohammeed.sait@isberne.ch
How Can We Reduce The Impact Of Earthquakes in Honshu, Japan?
School Drills: "Hide Under the Desk" In Schools
Every school child in Japan will be familiar with earthquake drills in which alarms sound and children retreat under their desks to shelter from falling items/material. However this puts the students in risk of getting crushed by falling objects and materials. This is because ordinary school tables or office table etc, will collapse under a weight of 500kg or more.
Earthquake Proof Table
(Britannica, Swati Chopra)
(The Telegraph, Peter Foster)
School Drills: "Hide Under the Desk" Anywhere
*This table design was made in June 2013
These sort of tables can be used in Offices, Factories, Homes, Schools etc these tables can also save many peoples lives by giving them a safe place to hid under during a earthquake.
(Huffing Ton Post, Donovan, Travis)
(Rt News)
These tables are also not to expensive as
they are made out of steel frame and a
perch wood table top.
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