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Physicians for Social Responsibility

The impacts of industrial animal agriculture on the environment, workers, animals, and public health.

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Transcript of Physicians for Social Responsibility

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations
factory farms
Q: why factory farming?
A: cheap food!
layer chickens
Lucy the layer hen
battery cages
male chicks
cuteness interlude!
getting fat fast
living conditions
humane methods of slaughter act
doing it wrong
free range
"rape racks"
what about the calves?
what about the mothers?
recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH/rBST)
recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH/rBST)
life of a sow
farrowing crates
tail docking
wasted resources
climate change
where does it all go?
manure runoff
Photo from cover of Samuel Epstein's book
factory farming awareness coalition
Bred to produce 3x more eggs than in nature
Average weight increase from 1935 to 1995: 65%
Average daily growth rate increase: 400%
Life expectancy in wild: 15-20 years
Age of slaughter on FFs: 6 weeks
Life expectancy in wild: 6-8 years
Age of slaughter on FFs: 1 year old
26% are severely crippled
90% cannot walk normally
Shed with 30,000 chickens, door that opens onto 3x3 dirt patch = free range
Black Eagle Farms in Virginia, photo from United Poultry Concern
Female calves raised to be dairy cows
Male calves auctioned off for meat or sold to veal farms
According to industry estimates, 3o to 50% of cows develop mastitis
A leading cause of water pollution, according to EPA
Miles of river polluted by FF feces: 35,000
Number fish killed by FF feces: 13 million in 3 years
IGF-1 levels are 10x higher in milk with rBGH
Women with high IGF-1 levels are 7x more likely to develop breast cancer
rBGH is illegal in Canada, the European Union, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand
it works!
Intensive Confinement
Not eating meat one day a week saves more GHG emissions than buying local food 100% of the time
Marketing Old MacDonald
factory farming awareness coalition
the worst job
cleaning crew
Injury rate 3x higher, cumulative trauma rate 33x higher than natl. average
Undocumented, not unionized, no health insurance
Post-traumatic stress disorder, alcoholism
Between midnight and sunrise, must clean conveyor belts, floors, blood collection tanks
Undocumented, not unionized, no health insurance
basic numbers
How many animals are raised and killed for meat, eggs, and milk in the U.S. ever year?
Over 9 billion
basic numbers
What percentage of them are raised on factory farms?
“The breeding sow should be thought of, and treated as, a valuable piece of machinery whose function is to pump out baby pigs like a sausage machine.”
-National Hog Farmer Magazine
most effective action?
bottom line
Based on a quote from Wendell Berry, as found in
Eating Animals
we have a choice
easy & tasty
what's worse?
worst for environment
worst for animals
Animal agriculture creates more greenhouse gases than the entire transportation sector combined
Methane is 25x more potent than CO2
Corporate Control
In each industry, 4 companies control:
81% of cow production
60% of pig production
50% of broiler chicken production
More than half a million hog farmers have gone out of business in the last 25 years
Factory Farming Basics
Overview of industries
Workers' Rights

Factory Farming Basics
Overview of industries
Workers' Rights

Factory Farming Basics
Overview of industries
Workers' Rights

Factory Farming Basics
Overview of industries
Workers' Rights

Factory Farming Basics
Overview of industries
Workers' Rights

leaders agree
Proportion of animal-based foods must be limited to 5 percent of total calories
First world citizens must halve meat consumption, become "demitarians."
- Stockholm International Water Institute.
- United Nations Environmental Programme
Meat consumption has been steadily declining for the last 5 years
Full transcript