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Student Development Theory!

Your road map to success in Student Affairs!
by

Kyle Bianchini

on 8 August 2013

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Transcript of Student Development Theory!

Your Road Map to Success! By Kyle Bianchini
Student Development Theory
Chickering
& Reisser
Astin
Sanford
Baxter-Magolda
Kohlberg
Student Involvement Theory
Five Postulates
1. Involvement refers to the investment of physical and psychological energy in various objects.
2. Regardless of its object, involvement occurs along a continuum
3. Involvement has both quantitative and qualitative features.
4. The amount of student learning and personal development associated with any educational program is directly proportional to the quality and quantity of student involvement in that program.
5. The effectiveness of any educational policy or practice is directly related to the capacity of that policy or practice to increase student involvement.
Simple!
Involvement: the amount of physical and psychological energy that the student devotes to the academic experience.
So what does it all mean: Why is this important?

In a nutshell:

According to the theory, the greater the student’s involvement in college, the greater will be the amount of student learning and personal development.
Reflect for a minute on your own experiences with being a student leader or an emerging student leader.

If you were not a student leader, do you think your time here would be different?
Simple!
Challenge & Support
In a nutshell:

The more we challenge our students, the more we need to support them through that challenge
Chart!
Tying shoes for you
Not showing you how to tie shoes
Tying the right, letting you tie the left
My Story!
Reflect!

Can you think of any time when someone, either at Stockton, Home, or K-12 School challenge you to do something? Did they support you? How did you do?
Reflect!
My Story!
Self Authorship
The Basics of Self Authorship
What does this mean for Professionals?
What is this?
Baxter-Magolda likens the process for professionals as riding a tandem bicycle but riding on the back to help pedal, but allowing the student to steer their own way to self-authorship.
Student
Professional
Tandem Bicycle!
Rutgers Likes us to
use Self Authorship
7 Vectors of Development!
This is the most
popular and most used
1.) Developing Competence
2.) Managing Emotions
3.) Moving through autonomy to interdependence
4.) Developing Mature Interpersonal relationships
5.) Establishing Identity
6.) Developing Purpose
7.) Developing Integrity
What does this mean
for professionals?
We use this theory to assess where our students are in their own personal identity development so we can offer them support, so we can better understand their wants and needs and help them along in their life long development
Theory of Moral Development
Types of Theory
Psychosocial and Identity
Deals with the interpersonal and identity development of students: including how students define themselves, their relationships with others, and what they want to do with their lives
Cognitive Structural
Highlights changes in the way people think and make decisions
Epistemological
Examines the development of the WHOLE person
Impact Model
Examine the origins and processes of change
Typologies
Examine individual differences in how people view and relate to the world. They are not necessarily developmental; they are used to observe innate individual differences
Three Levels with 2 Stages Each
Pre-Conventional
Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment Orientation
How can avoid getting punished?
Stage 2: Self Interest Orientation
What’s in it for me?
Paying for a benefit
Conventional
Stage 3: Interpersonal Accord & Conformity
Social Norms, follows what society thinks is right
The good boy/girl attitude
Stage 4: Authority and Social Order Maintaining
Law and Order mentality
Post-Conventional
Stage 5: Social Contract
Each person has their own social norms and laws and rules and you respect that
Stage 6: Universal Ethical Principles
The idea that Laws are only valid if they are grounded in justice and it is valid to disobey unjust laws.
In a nutshell this theory describes how our students develop and how their decision making processes can be run
Reflect!
Have you ever wondered what someone’s motivation was in certain decisions?
Activity!
Mean Girls
Accepted
Juno
Pitch Perfect
THE END!!!!
Full transcript