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Religions of Elizabethan Times
Transcript of Religions of Elizabethan Times
Church of England Wicca Religion: The wicca religion was known as anything to do with witchcraft."Witches" would be classified as anyone who could use herbs. Roman Catholic: "Witches" used herbs to either heal or harm someone.The common herbs the "Witches" used in medicines, brews, ointments and potions were mandrake, datura, monkshood, belladonna, henbane and hemlock.If they used herbs to harm people, they were known as Black "Witches" and would be killed in a long and torturous ways.If they used their herbs to heal, they were considered White "Witches" and their lives would be spared."Witches" were blamed for anything Elizabethans couldn't control or explain.For example, they blamed witches for the Bubonic Plague. Citation: During the 1500's mostly everyone was Catholic.The Catholic religion was one out of two of the most used religions.If you were Catholic, your church service would be called a Mass.It wasn't a crime for being Catholic, but if you were Catholic you had to go to church on Sunday or you would be fined.There was no legal way for Catholics to practice their faith.It was illegal to be a Catholic priest in England.It was also VERY illegal to be a Jesuit.A Jesuit is a member of the Society of Jesus.Queen Mary I, Elizabeth ’s sister, believed passionately in the Catholic religion and persecuted Protestants who were burned alive for their beliefs. Queen Elizabeth I succeeded her sister Queen Mary and followed the Protestant religion. She restored Protestantism as the official religion. She did firmly believe that people should be allowed to practice the Catholic religion without fear of common accusations. As long as it presented no threat to peace in the realm and her rule over England she was fine with it. There were, however, many Catholic plots against Queen Elizabeth I. Many Catholics wanted to replace Elizabeth with her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots. These plots eventually led to the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots. If you did not have a religion you were known as Atheist.Atheists didn't necessarily think there was no God.They just didn't believe in the religious God. No religion: Smith, S. E. Http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-jesuit.htm. Ed. O. Wallace. 2003. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. "Religion." Http://elizabethan.org. MaggiRos, 29 Mar. 2008. Web. 19 Mar. 2011. By Jesse Leuthardt Fun Facts: -Schools taught the religions based by the reigning Queen or King. -Reigning Monarchs dictated the 'favored' religion. §-Failure to adhere to the 'favored' religion could often lead to great danger. For example: Imprisonment, Torture, and Execution were the punishments -Adhering to the 'wrong' religion brought risks to personal wealth, freedom, and life. -The two most used religions were Roman Catholics and Protestants. § England in the 1500's! The Great Reformation! New Ideas, New Beliefs, and New Religions! Huguenots: Huguenots is the name of people who practiced a particular kind of Protestantism in France. It was known as The Protestant Reformation.The Protestant Reformation began in Germany around 1517 and spread rapidly through France.As the religion of protestantism grew it abandoned the Lutheran form and took the shape of Calvinism.Around 1555 the first Huguenot church was founded in a home in Paris.Between 1555 and 1562 Huguenot numbers grew rapidly.Many amongest the nobles and city-dwellers.The followers of this religion called themselves reformés or "Reformed".By 1562 the Huguenot religion had at least 1 million followers. Huguenots faced periodic persecution from the outset of the Reformation, but Francis I initially protected them from Parliamentary measures designed for their extermination. No Religion Sarkis. "Religion." Www.elizabethanenglandlife.com. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. Alchin, L. K. "Religion." Http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/. 16 May 2005. Web. 18 Mar. 2011.
-Queen Mary (Sister of Queen Elizabeth I) was called Bloody Mary because of her persecution of Protestants when the Protestants were burned alive. Alchin, L. K. "Queen Elizabeth I - Jews and Catholics." Http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk. 16 June 2005. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. Jews:
There were few Jews in England. Most Elizabethans would never even meet one Jew. All that was known about Jews and their religion and customs were from vague rumor and reputation mixed with horrifying wives tales about the Jews being responsible for spreading the Bubonic Plague.Jews had long been restricted to only two occupations - money lending and as peddlers.Elizabethan Jews would have had to outwardly conform to the Protestant religion.Christians believed that Jews possessed magical powers.They thpught the Jews had obtained the powers by making a pact with the Devil.Jews were therefore associated with Elizabethan “Witches.” The stereotype Jewish features consisted of a long, hooked nose and a swarthy complexion. Jews were believed to worship the Devil. “Witches” were also believed to worship the Devil and were stereotyped as having long, hooked noses, warts, and wrinkles. Both “Witches” and Jews celebrated the Sabbath, so you can see where everyone got the whole thing as Jews being “Witches.” Being Portrayed in Theatre: Theatre audiences expected Jews to be portrayed according to the Jewish stereotype.William Shakespeare wrote The Merchant of Venice in which a Jewish character, called Shylock, was betrayed as the stereotype Jew who was a moneylender. Protastant:
The term 'Protestant' was adopted when supporters of Martin Luther formally protested against efforts to limit the spread of Luther's new ideas. Elizabethan Protestants believed that Church Services and the Bible should be in the language of the people. That way the ordinary people could understand them. Elizabethan Protestants believed that people could find God without a priest or a Pope. They believed that Ministers were ordinary people who should lead normal lives and wear ordinary robes. Elizabethan Protestants believed that only God could forgive sins.Protestants believed that Churches should be plain allowing the people to concentrate on the sermons.
The Church of England: The official established state religion was the Church of England. In 1559 the Parliament was called to create a new Church of England as Elizabeth cut off the ties with the Roman Catholic Church. It was sometimes referred to as the "new religion" or "the established church". The Church of England is a Protestant denomination of Christianity which was established by King Henry VIII of England.In 1534 he broke away from the Roman Catholic Church with the Act of Supremacy.This act declared the king of England to be the head of the Church of England. What is religion? A system of human beliefs, ideals and practices which is harder to define than it may at first appear.