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Frederick Douglas and the Fugitive Slave Law(1850)
Transcript of Frederick Douglas and the Fugitive Slave Law(1850)
-Died Feburary 20, 1895
-was an American social reformer, orator, writer and statesman
-After escaping slavery Douglass became a leader of the Abolitionist Movement
-wrote many great antislavery pieces
-He acted as a living representative to slaves who did not have the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens How the Fugitive Slave Law was a cause
of the Civil War Thank You What exactly was the Fugitive Slave Law? Why Frederick Douglas was against the Fugitive Slave Law (Part 2) What exactly was the Fugitive Slave Law? (cont'd.) Bibliography Thesis Frederick Douglas was an African American abolitionist who was strongly against the Fugitive Slave Law because being a slave himself he believed that " Slavery has no rightful existence anywhere." and also that slaves "never should have seen such a hell born enactment as the Fugitive Slave Law." 1.)http://www.lib.rochester.edu/index.cfm?PAGE=4385
2.)http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk. N.p., n.d. Web.14Jan.2013.<http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASfugitive.htm>.
3.)"Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013.
4.)BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2013
5.)"Frederick Douglass." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2013 Frederick Douglass: Basic Information Why Frederick Douglass was against the Fugitive Slave Law Frederick Douglass (circa 1874) The Law Stated that:
- any federal marshal who did not arrest a suspected runaway slave would be fined $1,000
- African Americans that were suspected of being a runaway slave could be arrested without a warrant
- An African American that has been arrested can be turned over to any slaveholder on nothing more than his sworn testimony of ownership
-A suspected black slave could not ask for a jury trial or testify on his or her behalf. -Frederick Douglas became an Abolitionist
-He was once a slave himself and he was traumatized by the entire experience
-He like most other Abolitionists believed that slavery was extremely inhumane
-From 1841 to 1845, Douglass traveled frequently with fellow Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison through the Northern states to speak to people about the injustice of slavery
-Douglass states in a speech, "No where has God ordained that this beautiful land shall be cursed with bondage by enslaving men."
-He believes that slavery was not meant to exist in this world, it was not what God intended - Any person caught helping a runaway slave by providing shelter, food or any other types of assistance could spend up to six months in prison and pay a $1,000 fine
-The officers who captured fugitive slaves were entitled to a fee
- This fee motivated some officers to kidnap free African Americans and sell them to random slave-owners -He believed that slaves never should have seen such a hell born enactment as the Fugitive Slave Law - Frederick Douglass helped to organize the famous 1850 Anti-Fugitive Slave Law Convention held in Cazenovia
-Douglass once said, “The arm of the slave is the best defense against the arm of the slaveholder."
-He believed that if slaves fought back hard enough then they would prevail in the end
-Also Frederick Douglass was one of the main abolitionists who led the fight against the law - Known in history as one of the most controversial parts of The Compromise of 1850.
-Sole purpose was to capture fugitive slaves who had runaway to northern states, and return them to their proper slave owners in the South
- The Fugitive Slave Law drew more attention to the inhumanity of slavery and caused an increase in tension between the North and the South
-it helped to create abolitionists and anti-slavery orators like Frederick Douglas
-Douglass was a real person who had experienced slavery firsthand
-He also could describe it better than any white abolitionist could Why Frederick Douglas was against the Fugitive Slave Law
(Part 2) Continued -He believed that slaves never should have seen such a hell born enactment as the Fugitive Slave Law -Douglass states, "I am a Republican, a black, dyed in the wool Republican, and I never intend to belong to any other party than the party of freedom and progress."
-He was extremely supportive and a heavy believer of the equality of all people
-Toward the end of a speech that Douglass gave about the Fugitive Slave Law he says,"Could a law be made to pass away any of your individual rights? No. And so neither can a law be made to pass away the right of the black man."