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APA 6th Edition Formatting:
Transcript of APA 6th Edition Formatting:
Begin the block quote on a new line, even if it is introduced with an Author Lead-in or with your own words.
Indent the block quote about a half inch from the left margin of your paper.
Double space the entire quotation as you do with your entire paper.
Keep the block flush-left and do not right justify it.
Do not place quotation marks around the block quote: It is clear to your reader that it is a direct quote because it is indented.
Just as in the direct quote of 39 words or less, always provide the last name of the author or authors, the year, and the page number.
End the block quote with a period.
Place the parenthesis after the period, page #, then no period after the last parenthesis.
Paraphrasing: the source’s ideas in your own words (p. 171)
Sometimes students will refer to a source’s ideas by paraphrasing from various parts of a work. In this case, it is not necessary to provide a page #.
Sometimes students will refer to a source’s ideas by paraphrasing from a particular passage of a work. In this case, you should provide a page #.
Always provide the author’s name and the publication date when paraphrasing.
When in doubt, cite the source!!!
In-text Citations: Three Types
1. Direct Quotations: the source’s words verbatim--word for word (p. 170)
2. Paraphrasing: a selected area of the source’s ideas in your own words (p. 171)
3. Summary: the complete source's ideas that are condensed in your own words
When using a direct quote it is best to begin the sentence with a Lead-in: Author (s) last name (date), the quoted material, then the page #.
Example of Author Lead-in:
Honigsfeld and Dunn (2006) found that “no two adult learners approach the same task with identical strategies” (p. 16).
The above example shows the sentence beginning with an Author Lead-in and ending with the direct quote.
Note the names of the authors are separated by the word “and” not an ampersand.
An Important Note:
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2009)offers the following statement: “The Publication Manual presents explicit style requirements but acknowledges that alternatives are sometimes necessary; authors should balance the rules of the Publication Manual with good judgment” (p. 5).
APA 6th Edition
Direct Quote Type #1: 39 Words or Less
Include every source you cite in-text.
The page should be titled References or Reference if you have only one.
Alphabetize your list according to author names.
Place each author name flush-left and indent if the reference goes to a second, third, etc. line.
Double space the entire list.
See Reference Examples beginning on p. 193.
Sometimes a direct quote appears in the middle of a sentence.
Example of Author Lead-in when the direct quote appears in
the middle of the sentence:
Honigsfeld and Dunn (2006) found that “no two adult learners
approach the same task with identical strategies” (p. 16), implying
that teachers should understand the learning styles of their
Note that the page # appears in parentheses directly after the quotation marks in the middle of the sentence.
Sometimes students will place a direct quote in-text without an Author Lead-in or by using their own words to begin the sentence.
Example of a direct quote placed in-text without Author Lead-in:
Teachers should understand the learning styles of their students
because “no two adult learners approach the same task with
identical strategies” (Honigsfeld & Dunn, 2006, p. 16).
Note how the author names, date, and p. # appear at the end of the direct quote.
Note that an ampersand is used when citing two or more authors at the end of a quote.
Direct Quote Type #1: 39 words or less = quotation marks
Direct Quote Type #2: 40 words or more
= block quote
Provide the last name of the author or authors, the year, and the page number or paragraph number.
the source’s words verbatim
(word for word)
Example of a block quote with an Author Lead-in:
Cranton (2006) takes this view:
Note the period ends the block quote and that there is no period after the end parenthesis.
Direct Quote Type #2:
40 Words or More
The Block Quote
Example of a block quote without an Author Lead-in:
Researchers of writing have agreed on this view:
Note, the first sentence above is written in the writer’s own words, and the block quote is a direct quote by Cranton.
Example of a paraphrase:
It is important to work with both internal and external
communities. Communication is crucial in building
relationships after identifying the internal and external
publics (Marx, 2006).
About this Presentation
This presentation was adapted from the APA 6th Edition Publication Manual.
Whenever you see a page
number, you can open to
the respective page
in the manual.
If you do not have access to the manual and you would like to look up additional information, you should visit the
OWL at Purdue.
In-text and References
Communicative knowledge is constructed with
the help of an educator as facilitator. Interactive
methods, collaborative learning, dialogue, and
group activities help students work through an
understanding of themselves, others, and the
social world they live in. When people create new
personal and social knowledge, they often go on
to question their pre-existing perspectives and
move toward transformative learning. (Cranton,
2006, p. 116)
Communicative knowledge is constructed with the help of an educator as facilitator. Interactive methods, collaborative learning, dialogue, and group activities help students work through an understanding of themselves, others, and the social world they live in. When people create new personal and social knowledge, they often go on to question their pre-existing perspectives and move toward transformative learning. (p. 116)