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Can citizens have more impact in the process of Government?
Transcript of Can citizens have more impact in the process of Government?
If you answered yes..
If you answered yes, that means that you believe government is something of value to you and this is seriously meaningful to you.
What does active citizenship look like in politics
To be an active citizen you are contributing by usually obeying the law, paying taxes and voting.
If you like the benefits of living as a canadian citizen
It may be as simple as casting a ballot or it may mean running for office.
Paying taxes would not usually be regarded as political participation, but refusing to do so can be a political act. Striking over wages or working conditions, while usually voluntary, is not considered a form of political participation, although some strikes are explicitly political, eg, the widespread protest, 14 October 1976, against the Anti-Inflation Board measures.
The issue of increasing input into the process of government is complicated because its debatable weather its desirable or not.
Should citizens have more impact in the decisions made by Government?
Caucus- a group of people with shared concerns within a political party or larger organization.
New laws and policies are made within the caucus of the governing political party and the cabinet.
Political Party - an organization to gain political power
Cabinet is the executive of government. In the Canadian federal government, the cabinet is made up of the prime minister and members of parliament, and sometimes senators, chosen by the prime minister.
In an election its important that electors understand the platform of the governing party.
Platform- a public statement of the principles, objectives, and policy of a political party, especially as put forth by the representatives of the party in a convention to nominate candidates for an election
When someone votes, it is them saying they approve of their statement and policies. The voter wishes to participate in the decisions that are made through their governments.
What do you think? Should citizens have more input into government.
How do I know if I'm making the right choice by voting?
You might ask yourself..
The truth is many young adults are more uncertain whether they should vote or not, and in honesty plenty of those young adults likely said no to if they think they should have more input on this subject.
But with that said, if someone like you expressed an opinion for who you think should take the majority of seats in government, that does not mean by voting you now have a direct say in what happens in government.
Free vote- A conscience vote or free vote is a type of vote in a legislative body where legislators are allowed to vote according to their own personal conscience rather than according to an official line set down by their political party
Constituent- being a voting member of a community or organization and having the power to appoint or elect
In 2012, the ICC collaborated on Canadians on Citizenship, a national survey asking what it means to be a good citizen in Canada. The responses revealed that Canadians see giving back to one’s community, civic participation and respecting and accepting difference as key important measures of being a good citizen.
More input into government means more direct democracy, which requires people to accept their responsibilities as active citizens. Responsibilities including learning about legislation and how government operates.
If its the case that large numbers of voters do not participate, the number of those that do vote is amplified.
So what are the practical advantages of getting Canadian citizenship?
No more renewing your Permanent Resident card
: once you become a permanent citizen, you receive a very high-tech permanent resident card. The first one is free (well, the cost are part of applying for permanent resident) and is valid for 5 years. Renewing a card cost $50, and the current processing time is 228 days. These long processing times can be an issue, you must travel abroad as you will need a travel document to prove your status upon re-entering Canada.
On the other side, a Canadian passport costs $87, is valid for 5 years and the processing time is only about 10 days.
Avoiding deportation and loss of status
: permanent residents in Canada may lose their status if they don’t meet the residency obligations, stating that you must be physically present in Canada for at least two years within a five-year period. Permanent residents can also be deported if they are convicted of a serious crime. Canadian citizens don’t have any residency requirements and citizenship cannot be revoked for any crime committed after naturalisation.
Traveling to the U.S.A easily
: our Southern neighbours, the U.S.A, are notoriously picky at the border. Even if you are a permanent resident in Canada, you are still considered a citizen of your home country. Citizens of a lot of countries will always require a visa to go to the U.S.A as tourists.
Hassle-free travel worldwide:
this depends on your country of citizenship. As a French citizen, it's easy to could travel visa-free to most countries. But if you are a Chinese citizen for instance, you will need a visa to go pretty much anywhere except Hong Kong and Macau. With a Canadian passport, you can enter 157 countries visa-free.
Participating to Canada’s political life
: as a permanent resident, you can’t vote nor you can run for political office. As a Canadian citizen, you can participate in shaping the country’s future.
Do participate in the shaping of our country!
Political Participation may describe any voluntary act to influence elections or public policy.
About 90% of Canadians eligible to vote have done so at least once.
In national elections, turnout is typically just over 75% of those registered.
Canada has a higher turnout than the U.S.A.
Still, Canada sits on the bottom third for established democracies.
about 5% below the average for countries where voting is not compulsory.
Compulsory- required by law or a rule; obligatory
Turnout in provincial elections is usually slightly lower, although the opposite is true in Québec and some other provinces.
Municipal turnout is usually the lowest of all.
A candidate who has been selected by a political party is normally said to be the nominee of that party.
The Canadian Government is the federal legislative branch of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in the national capital, Ottawa, Ontario. The Parliament of Canada is composed of three parts: the monarch, the Senate, and the House of Commons
Viceroy-a person appointed to rule a country or province as the deputy of the sovereign:
The governor general summons and appoints each of the 105 senators on the advice of the Prime Minister of Canada, while the 338 members of the House of Commons—called members of parliament
Members of Parliament are directly elected by eligible Canadian voters, with each MP representing
a single electoral district, commonly referred to as a riding.
Minority and Majority governments explained
In the history of Canadian politics, eleven minority governments have been elected at the federal level.
Federal: pertaining to or of the nature of a union of states under a central government distinct from the individual governments of the separate states
There have also been two minority governments resulting from governments being replaced between elections, for a total of thirteen federal minority governments in twelve separate minority parliaments.
In a minority situation, governments must rely on the support of other parties to stay in power, providing less stability than a majority government. At the federal level no minority government
Most minority governments have lasted less than two years. The average duration of completed minorities in Canada is 479 days or approximately 1 year.
In Canada, the party which wins the most seats in a general election forms the government. If the party wins more than half of the seats in the House of Commons or legislative assembly, then the party forms a majority government.
A majority government can pass legislation and maintain the confidence of the House of Commons or legislative assembly to stay in power much more easily than a minority government.
- Active citizenship
-Pros&Cons of Canadian Citizenship
Democracy- A system of government in which power is vested in the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives.
To sum it all up
Do you agree with how your government is running your country?
If yes- good on you! Once you are eligible to vote, do research and also take advantage of the opportunity to vote because it's nice to feel you participated in the constructing of government and it's policies.
Voting in Canada is by secret ballot. The system makes it impossible to discover which candidate a specific voter has voted for. On that note, its important to remember to never make a mark that could potentially allow you as the the voter to be identified, if there is a mark it will be rejected. This is to ensure that no electors are intimidated or bribed into voting in a particular way.
Intimidation and bribery, as well as any attempt to reveal how an elector has voted or is going to vote, is an offense under the Canada Elections Act.
Secrecy and Privacy
Democracy does not implement itself, nor does it remain strong and healthy without underlying values and a firm will to apply and enforce them. Democracy is much more than holding elections; however, free and fair elections are one of its conditions.
What are some characteristics of Canada's electoral democracy?
Political parties and candidates in the political arena have also learned that they can have confidence in the fairness of the electoral process. Together, these conditions contribute to a meaningful and peaceful environment for elections, and a lively and long-lasting democracy.
Debate- a formal discussion on a particular topic in a public meeting or legislative assembly, in which opposing arguments are put forward.
If you said no, and you have a complaint about the way the country is being run, voting is a way can make a change, you can choose a candidate to suit to your views. It's not the only way to participate but it's the quickest and easiest way!
The electoral system will never change to benefit third parties if only voters for the main parties turn out to vote, if you want to see a change then you must show that there is demand for other parties to be represented.
Voting enables you to help decide who represents your local area in parliament, it's their job to raise local issues and support you as much as they can. You can go to them and ask for advice on certain issues or ask them to promote an issue in parliament.
If you don’t feel aligned to any of the political parties then there is Blank Voting. it's totally up to you!
Staying at home just makes you another statistic, by actively going to the polling station and not selecting any candidate before submitting to the ballot box, you become a voice for the disengaged.
Blank Votes and Spoiled Ballots are read out at the count, along with the results and are also included in subsequent reports. Your apathy towards the political parties will be heard not just forgotten.
Blank voting is still considered voting.
Thanks so much for watching, I hope you enjoyed the presentation-Happy Voting!
governments occur when no party has a majority of seats in the legislature.