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Chapter 7 Policymaker

Sociology 211

Nini Salazar

on 26 March 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 7 Policymaker

Social Problems, Second Edition. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. Pp. 190-220. Chapter 7: Policymaking Kingdon’s Policy Stream Model *Refer to Figure 7.1 on page 199*

Problem Recognition Stream: a set of claims that policymakers hear about a troubling condition [Diagnostic/Grounds]
Policy Proposal Stream: a set of policy proposals that policymakers hear for addressing a troubling condition [Prognostic/Solution]
Political Stream: the current political situation recognized by policymakers in which a troubling condition might be addressed
Confluence: the act or process of merging

- In Kingdon’s Model, we see the confluence of the Problem Recognition Stream, the Policy Proposal Stream, and the Political Stream Policymaking Policymaking: the process of devising policy to address a particular troubling condition

Policymakers: people who are able to establish a social policy of some kind

Policy Domain: the part of the political system that focuses on a particular troubling condition/social issue and that includes the many people who are concerned with the issue and involved in creating policy Pressures on Policymakers Media Coverage – Publicity

Expectations from Constituents

Conflicting Demands

Limited Resources In groups:
- Discuss at least 2 “Box” sections and be prepared to share details with the class
- Outline the Kingdon’s 3-Stream Model
* Define the concepts
* Describe the relationship In-Class Exercise Record notes in your own notebook in preparation for class lecture/discussion Box 7.1 Legislators’ Understanding of Sex Crimes p. 194 Box 7.2 Waiting for the Next Policy Wave p. 197 Box 7.3 Does Congress Listen? p. 205

Box 7.4 Agreeing on a Frame Isn’t Enough p. 207 Symbolic Politics and the
Rhetoric of Policymaking Causal Stories
- Accidental (Cause and Consequence)
- Intentional (Cause and Consequence)
- Inadvertent (Unintended Consequences)
Target Population
- Victims
- Villains
- Instrumental: intended to correct or improve a troubling condition
- Symbolic: embodies values and promotes particular construction of the world Box 7.5 Constructing Abu Ghraib as an Isolated Incident p. 212

Box 7.6 The Undeclared War on Traffic Fatalities p. 215 Policymaking in the
Social Problems Process *Refer to Figure 7.2 on page 216*

Problem Recognition + Policy Proposals + Political Situation INFORM Policymakers

Policymakers UTILIZE Policy Elements of Causal Stories, Target Populations, Purposes, Etc Case Study: Health Care
as a Policy Challenge How does Kingdon’s three-stream model apply to policymaking for healthcare?

What sorts of causal stories do health care claimsmakers present? How do they depict target populations for the policy?

Health care policy is not just symbolic politics. How does this affect the policymaking process?
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