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Transcript of Byzantine Empire
Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire:
capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman
empires now called Instanbul
Emperor of the
from 527-565 A.D.
Collection of Roman Laws that served
as a model for Western Europe that helped
to strengthen and centralize their power. Used
as a guideline for laws that we use today.
Sole ruler with complete authority
Wife of Justinian who served
as his advisor and co-ruler.
The highest church official
in a major city
The official split between the Roman Catholic
and Byzantine Churches occurred in 1504
Byzantine churches became known as the Eastern or Greek Orthodox church
Western churches became known as the Roman Catholic church
Why does Constantinople
become a rich and powerful city?
Protected by walls and water
commanded key trade routes
linking Europe and Asia, making
it Europe's busiest marketplace.
Constantine Creates a "New Rome"
The Roman Empire in the west was under Barbarian attack
Constantine moves the Roman government from Rome Italy to the eastern Mediterranean.
He rebuilds the Greek city of Byzantium and renamed it after himself Constantinople
In 330 he made Constantinople the new capital of the Roman empire
In time the eastern Roman empire became known
as the Byzantine empire
Why the Greek City of Byzantium?
Located by the Bosporus strait that links
the Mediterranean and Black seas
Excellent harbor that was guarded on 3 sides
Elaborate systems of walls were built for protection
Was the center of trade linking Europe and Asia
The empire flourishes under a strong
Healthy money economy
Strong military and navy
Byzantine empire serves as a buffer for
Prevented the spread of Muslim conquest
until the 600's to 700's
Rebuilt Constantinople with autocratic rule
unified and enlarged the empire to reach its greatest height
built the strongest military force in the world
Restored Roman glory by rebuilding the church of Hagia Sophia
Reformed the laws of ancient Rome and created a "body of civil law" known as Justinian's code
Daughter of a bear keeper
She was a courageous politician who challenged
Justinian to stand his ground and crush the Nika revolt with the following quote:
"Emperor if you wish to flee, well and good, you have the money, the ships are ready, the sea is clear. But I shall stay, Royal purple is the best burial sheet."
Differs from Christianity
of the west
Byzantine emperors controlled church affairs and appointed the
or highest church official
Byzantine Christians rejected the pope's claim to authority over all christians
Byzantine priests could marry
Greek instead of Latin is the official language
The use of icons were banned in the Byzantine empire in the 700's
Fall of the Byzantine Empire
struggles over power and succession
loss of control over large areas
conflict with Venice over trade