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Lukan Community

The Lukan church represents a specific early Christian community that is generally seen as a Gentile-Jew conglomeration that is facing some opposition and persecution.
by

Antony Beggs

on 10 March 2010

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Transcript of Lukan Community

The Lukan Community The canticles of Zechariah, Mary and Simeon are carefully placed in Luke’s Infancy narrative in a manner that does much to illuminate his theological aims. Paul's disciple Luke Gospel of Luke & Acts Destruction of Jerusalem 70 CE Remnants of Jewish worshippers Greco-Roman culture The delayed parousia (second coming) led Luke to see Christ as a "mid point" in salvation history. Thus, Luke's gospel is more historiographic than anything else (albeit an interpreted history). Luke-Acts were written by the same author, probably somewhere in Asia minor. The Gospel was probably written after the Council of Jamnia (just after 90 C.E.), and the Lukan community had likely separated from - or forced from - the synagogue community of "mainline Judaism." Acts was probably written after the gospel in about 95 C.E. The Lukan community was probably in Asia Minor or Southern Greece. Luke was thought to be a companion of Paul. In Acts 16 cf. "we" appears. This is a change from the third person account in the rest of the gospel. Luke was definitely an admirer of Paul, but he doesn't directly quote him. Luke sees the Church as the restored Israel. Luke knows that God had always blessed Israel; but Luke sees this blessing extended to the Gentiles (e.g., the baptism of Cornelius). This makes sense in light of the Lukan separation from the synagogue community. Luke, having separated from Judaism, evangelized to the Gentiles, telling them to have faith in Jesus Christ. Luke reminds the Gentiles that God always keeps God's promises. Israel was saved, and since the Church is the inheritor of God's blessing too, then the Church - and her people - will be saved also. The quick replacement of Judas by Matthias is an example of the immediate restoration Luke has in mind. Limited use of text for education purposes
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Copyright © 2005-2008, William G. Stroop - All Rights Reserved.
10 January 2008 Jewish messianism has its root in the apocalyptic literature of the 2nd century BC to 1st century BC, promising a future "anointed" leader or Messiah to resurrect the Israelite "Kingdom of God", in place of the foreign rulers of the time. This corresponded with the Maccabean Revolt directed against the Seleucids. Following the fall of the Hasmonean kingdom, it was directed against the Roman administration of Iudaea Province, which, according to Josephus, began with the formation of the Zealots during the Census of Quirinius of 6 AD, though full scale open revolt did not occur till the First Jewish–Roman War in 66 AD. Historian H. H. Ben-Sasson has proposed that the "Crisis under Caligula" (37-41) was the "first open break" between Rome and the Jews.

Judaism at this time was divided into antagonistic factions. The main camps were the Pharisees, Saducees, and Zealots, but also included other less influential sects such as the Essenes. This led to further unrest, and the 1st century BC and 1st century AD saw a number of charismatic religious leaders, contributing to what would become the Mishnah of Rabbinic Judaism.
Messianism Disputes over the Mosaic law generated intense controversy in early Christianity. This is particularly notable in the mid-1st century, when the circumcision controversy came to the fore. The issue was addressed at the Council of Jerusalem where Paul made an argument that circumcision was not a necessary practice, vocally supported by Peter, as documented in Acts 15. This position received widespread support and was summarized in a letter circulated in Antioch. The years following Jesus until the death of the last of the Twelve Apostles is called the Apostolic Age. The Christian Church came fully into being on Pentecost when, according to scriptural accounts, the apostles received the Holy Spirit and emerged from hiding following the death and resurrection of Jesus to preach and spread his message. The apostolic period produced writings attributed to the direct followers of Jesus Christ and is traditionally associated with the apostles and apostolic times. This age is the foundation upon which the entire church's history is founded. This Apostolic Church, also called the "Primitive Church", was the community led by Jesus' apostles and, it would seem, his relatives. The Evangilist St Luke Jewish society in decline Circumcision?
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