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Merchant of Venice: Ethos, Pathos, Logos

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by

Laura Garcia

on 13 December 2011

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Transcript of Merchant of Venice: Ethos, Pathos, Logos

Today we are learning about... HOW TO WIN AN ARGUMENT! or at least how to create a good one. Once upon a time, there
was this guy named Aristotle. He was born in Greece in 384 B.C. He was really smart. Hi! I <3 Greece. Do YOU know what "metaphysics" means? I do. And gave advice to lots of big shots. Hey Alex, go with "Alexander the Great." It rolls off the tongue better. In 335 B.C. he opened up his own school in Athens. Geometry is
upstairs! No, it's
downstairs! One of Aristotle's greatest
contributions to society was
his understanding of RHETORIC. The use of language
for persuasion. Aristotelean rhetoric has 3 parts... Ethos
Pathos
Logos

This form of rhetoric relies on the identity of the speaker.

Do you trust them?
Are they an expert in their field?

If so, then they can use a strong sense of ETHOS in their argument. For example, which of the following people can use ETHOS to give us advice on how to be a successful member of society?

This form of rhetoric relies on appealing to your audience on an emotional level.

How does their argument make you feel? Sad? Angry? Excited?

If so, then they are using a strong sense of PATHOS in their argument. Which of the following correctly uses a strong sense of PATHOS to convince you to do the following:

Adopt a dog.

This form of rhetoric is related to logic. Using logos means that you are appealing to your audience with facts or logical explanations.

A=B B=C Therefore A=C
10 students went to the ballgame but only 8 returned home, therefore 2 students are missing.
Water freezes at 32 degrees, therefore my ice maker needs to be colder than 32 degrees. Studies done in multiple environments throughout the U.S. have shown that students retain information better with short 1-week breaks scattered throughout the year than those who have a block of 8 weeks off at any given time. We should have every other week off because kids like it better. Bill Gates Lindsay Lohan Which of the following is a more LOGICAL
explanation of why we should have year
round schooling? Ethos Pathos Logos How does this relate to Shylock? SALARINO
Why, I am sure, if he forfeit, thou wilt not take his flesh: what's that good for?
SHYLOCK
To bait fish withal: if it will feed nothing else,
it will feed my revenge. I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? hath not a Jew hands, organs,
dimensions, senses, affections, passions? fed with
the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject
to the same diseases, healed by the same means,
warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer,
as a Christian is? If you prick us, do we not bleed?
if you tickle us, do we not laugh? if you poison
us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not
revenge? He hath disgraced me, and
hindered me half a million; laughed at my losses,
mocked at my gains, scorned my nation, thwarted my
bargains, cooled my friends, heated mine
enemies; and what's his reason? I am a Jew. If we are like you in the rest, we will
resemble you in that. If a Jew wrong a Christian,
what is his humility? Revenge. If a Christian
wrong a Jew, what should his sufferance be by
Christian example? Why, revenge. The villany you
teach me, I will execute, and it shall go hard but I
will better the instruction. Does Shylock make a good argument for his revenge? Turn to pg. 97
(Act 3, Sc. 1, Line 52) Who is responsible for Shylock's bloodlust ? What happens when you call someone names? They begin to believe it. Our worst enemies are the ones we make... ourselves.
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