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Democracy During WWII

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Seth Wanamaker

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of Democracy During WWII

Selective Training & Service Act of 1940 Also known as the Buke-Wadsworth Act
Required me between ages of 21 and 35 to register with local draft boards
Signed into law by Franklin Roosevelt in 1940, the Act established the first peace-time draft in the united states.
The government selected men through a lottery system
If drafted, a man served for twelve months
drafted soldiers had to remain in the Western side of the united states and located in other parts of the world.
The act brought more than 900,000 men, and it limited service to 12 months.
Office of War Mobilization supervised use of industry resources
James F. Byrnes is appointed Head of office of war mobilization in 1943
office took over from the earlier War Production Board to shift the country from a peacetime to a wartime economy
sometimes loaned smaller factories the money needed to convert to war production
soon out produced the axis powers
manufacturers split time between consumer goods and war supplies
unemployment is no longer an issue since everyone is needed to make the supplies
War Refugee Board The U.S. and Britain were procrastinating in creating the board
Dubois, Paul, and Pehle, drafted a report to the president. Dated January 13, 1944, and issued under Paul's signature
the final version assigned blame to the State Department for the failure to rescue Jews
It stated bluntly: “Unless remedial steps of a drastic nature are taken, and taken immediately, I [Paul] am certain that no effective action will be taken by the [US] Government to prevent the complete extermination of the Jews in German controlled Europe, and that this Government will have to share for all time responsibility for this extermination.”
January 22, 1944, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9417
established the War Refugee Board (WRB) as an independent agency, subordinated directly to the President
government only gave the board 1 million dollar annual budget
American Jews raised 17 million dollars to help the board Atlantic Charter U.S. Democracy During WWII Winston Churchill Prime Minister of Britain and Franklin D. Roosevelt have a secret meeting
on a war ship in Newfoundland
discuss the inevitability of America's entrance in the war
agreed on principles called the Atlantic Charter
First, their countries seek no aggrandizement, territorial or other
Second, they desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned
Third, they respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live
Sixth, after the final destruction of the Nazi tyranny, they hope to see established a peace which will afford to all nations the means of dwelling in safety within their own boundaries

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