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Puritan Life

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Amy F

on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of Puritan Life

Puritan Life Presenter: Julianna Gonzalez Motivator: Sam Collette Writer: Kayley Siemiatkoski Designer: Amy Ferrante Who Were the Puritans? First settling in November of 1620, in what is now the Massachusetts state, the Puritans emigrated from England. They held strong beliefs in a 'pure' God, one who was wrathful, and full of vengeance who was angry at the sinful actions of humans. Because of this belief, they conformed to their society's expectations, finally leading to severe punishments in the cases of nonconformity. 1636 Map of Massachusetts Bay Colony http://lnhstest.brinkster.net What Did the Puritans look like? The puritans, contrary to popular belief did not wear buckled hats or shoes at first; this trend came in into vogue in the 17th century. Women commonly imitated the court by fashioning long, high waists with the help of bodices. Men's shirts were similar to that of peasant shirts today with the wide sleeves being drawn into cuffs at the wrists. Shoes were generally the same for both men and women, with flat heels, and either a rounded or pointed toe. When heels came into fashion, women took to wearing them. (http://lnhstest.brinkster.net/Level2/house/Ext-Garden/Exter-HistProp.htm) Women's bolster A bolster was a padded tube often worn around the hips at the beginning of a woman's skirt. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mosmd/clothing1.jpg A Falling Band A falling band was worn by both men and women as a collar. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mosmd/clothing4.jpg 16th Century Puritan Shoes Shoes were simple, and were often made of leather or thick cloth. They commonly shared a small heal, and sometime were tightened with a simple ribbon or string. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mosmd/clothing3.jpg Common Puritan Clothing Clothing of the Puritans did not differentiate by individuals, and it was expected that everybody generally wore the same outfits. This is because by Puritan belief, clothes should be simple and plain, thus not having any room to differ. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mosmd/clothing2.jpg Family Beliefs Based on Religion When it came to marriage, the most important factor of a parent giving up their daughter to a man was religion. It was looked upon that the best groom would be that of a highly religious stature. The man of the household was also expected to lead the rest of the family in prayer, and worship. It was seen as a man's job to take responsibility of his family's image, due to the belief that Eve, the first woman as told bibilically, created the original sin (Rev. Brian M. Abshire, "Some thoughts On How the Puritans Lost Their Children"). Children of the Family Children were thought by adult Puritans that they were "humble and submissive" (Jameka K. Sayles, "Child Life in the New England Colonies"). Children were not to speak out of turn, and to show the utmost respect for their parents, and other adults. As part of religion, children were seen as imperfect sinners. They were taught only Biblical tales, and imagination was thought to be the work of the Devil. Any story not pertaining to the morals of God was deemed unworthy of telling to children. Puritan Education Puritan schools were attended by children who had only completed their morning work. There, the utmost important thing they were taught was reading and literacy, due to the belief that as adults, the children must learn to read and interpret the Bible; ignorancy was thought to be the Devil's liking, and that with it, He would take over (Sayles, "Child Life in the New England Colonies"). The Puritan Schoolhouse Puritan Schools were single buildings that was a small house. There, only one teacher would educate a small amount of students since the drop-out rate was high. The majority of the teachers were men, again due to the common religious belief that women were inferior to men. Books besides the bible were scarce, and often one copy of a text book would serve for decades. Common punishments for children could be a slap on the back of a child's wrist with a ruler, or on their palm. Other punishments included holding a log straight out in front of a student's self for an extended amount of time. Often, children were punished for whispering, speaking out of turn, and answering a question incorrectly (Steve Anderson, "Puritan School and Punishment"). http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-HT003846.jpg?size=67&uid=251e803e-6183-46e9-a6c8-efb6533b7115 Puritan Obligations and Goals A Puritan's ultimate obligation was to live by God's doctrine. Part of the rules that Puritans lived by was the belief that idleness was a sin of the Devil. As a result, the Puritans were hard workers. Children were expected to start working at four years old, and would continue for the rest of their lives. Boys and males had the responsibility of harvesting, planting, and tending to crops, as well as raising animals. Women and girls were expected to fashion and mend clothing, cook for their families, tend to the chickens, make commodities such as butter, soap, and yarn, washing and cleaning the house, and raising children (http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/purdef.htm). The Houses of Puritans http://cdm.reed.edu/cdm4/indianconverts/images/PuritanHouses.jpg The Rules of Puritan Life Puritans lived under a harsh, rigid structure deriving itself from religion. Prohibited was long hair on men, any holes in clothing, smoking in the street, speaking out in church or in prayer, lace, public affection, and screaming (http://www.usahistory.info/NewEngland/Puritans.html) Punishments of the Puritans The Pillory The Pillory was designed as so the offender would be forced into a standing postion with their head and arms inside the holes. http://z.about.com/w/experts/U-S-History-672/2009/06/PILLORY.jpg Punishments were designed to be humiliating as well as painful or traumatic, in order for the offender not to repeat their sinful actions. The Ducking Stool The Ducking stool was primarily used for women who were caught gossiping. They would be repeatedly dunked into water. The amount that they were dunked was determined how severe their action was. https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSl1DCuSqTDGSv8Chp0vF7C1dH5untdeAS7OWZ1GNe24qUu8MkcPQ Other punishments included a branded letter into a person's hand for their crime, such as 'T' for 'thief", and so on. A less dramatic punishment was for a person to simply wear a sign around their neck advertising their sin. A solution As a people, we have created a more loving, warm God than that of the Puritans. By replacing the anger of a supreme deity with that of a welcoming, forgiving persona, we ourselves have grown more open to freedom of expression, and differentiates of society. People are less apt to be hanged, and less humiliation is permitted by the courts. Today, we are a happier, freer people. Puritan Family of New England Works Cited "3d. Puritan Life." Puritan Life [ushistory.org]. N.p., 2008. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/3d.asp>. Abshire, Brian M. "The Puritan Family." Highlands Reformed Church. Highlands Reformed Church, 2010. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://highlands-reformed.com/the-puritan-family/>. Administrator. "The Ducking Stool." NEN Gallery. National Education Network, 17 June 2005. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://gallery.nen.gov.uk/asset56939_14-.html>. Anderson, Steve. "U.S. History/Puritan School and Punishment." U.S. History: Puritan School and Punishment, Puritan School, Puritan times. AllExperts, 24 Jan. 2008. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://en.allexperts.com/q/U-S-History-672/2008/1/Puritan-school-punishment-1.htm>. Bay, Philip De. "School in Old Puritan Meeting House." School in Old Puritan Meeting House. Corbis Images, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/HT003846/school-in-old-puritan-meeting-house>. "Cambridge and Boston." History of the Property. LongFellow National Historic Site, 2004. Web. 3 Oct. 2012. <http://lnhstest.brinkster.net/Level2/house/Ext-Garden/Exter-HistProp.htm>. Campbell, Donna M. "Puritanism in New England." Puritanism in New England. Dept. of English, Washington State University, 21 Mar. 2010. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/purdef.htm>. Cline, Duane A. "Clothing of the Pilgrims." Clothing of the Pilgrims. Ancestry.com, 1999. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mosmd/clothing.htm>. "THE COLONIAL FAMILY IN AMERICA." THE COLONIAL FAMILY IN AMERICA. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://web.campbell.edu/faculty/vandergriffk/FamColonial.html>. Honkamp, Hank. "U.S. History/Puritan Law and Punishment If Laws Were Broken." AllExperts. AllExperts, 17 May 2009. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://en.allexperts.com/q/U-S-History-672/2009/5/Puritan-law-punishment-laws.htm>. Leibman, Laura. "Reed Digital Collections Powered by CONTENTdm." Indian Converts Collection. CONTENTdm, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://cdm.reed.edu/cdm4/indianconverts/studyguides/household/puritan_style_houses.php>. "Puritan Laws and Character." Puritan Laws and Character. Interesting.com, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://www.usahistory.info/NewEngland/Puritans.html>. Ryken, Leland. "The Original Puritan Work Ethic - Christian History & Biography - ChristianityTodayLibrary.com." The Original Puritan Work Ethic. Christianity Today, 1 Feb. 2006. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ctlibrary.com/ch/2006/issue89/7.32.html>. Sayles, Jameka K. "03.02.06: Child Life in the New England Colonies." 03.02.06: Child Life in the New England Colonies. Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute, 2012. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/2003/2/03.02.06.x.html>. YouTube. Dir. TheFederalistParty. YouTube. YouTube, 01 Apr. 2007. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-WbxiPMg0nQ>.
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