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Transcript of History
Gold image of Agusan. This statue of a Hindu goddess was found at Esperanza, Agusan Province in 1917.
Copper image of Ganesha. This statue of the elephant god of Hindu was found in Mactan in 1843.
Gold pendant of Garuda, the legendary bird of India. This was found at Brooke's Point, Palawan in 1961 Our Heritage from
India, China, and Arabia Other Hindu Heritage Traces of Hindu culture is found in our: religion
race Hindus gave us a Industries as: Sanskrit words in our language:
mutya(pearl) and etc. mining in Masbate
weaving cotton cloth
making lotus design
making sampaguita flower leis and etc. Filipinos superstitious beliefs came from India:
A maiden who signs merrily while cooking will marry an old widower.
A comet flashes in the sky is an ill omen, for it bring famine, pestilence, war, or other calamities.
A pregnant woman who eats twin bananas will give a birth to twins. The sarong (skirt) and the putong of the ancient Filipinos were of Indian origin, Also Indian in origin were the tight-fitting trousers and embroidered shawls of the present-day Muslim Filipinos. Certain customs of the Filipinos that came from India:
hanging a garland of fresh flowers around the neck of a visitor as a symbol of friendship and hospitality.
giving a dowry by the groom to the bride's parents and rendering personal services in the household of his prospective parents in law.
showering the groom and bride with the rice after the wedding ceremony.
offering buyo (mixture of betel nut, lime, and ikmo leaf) toa visitor as a sign of hospitality.
pilgrimage by a childless couple to a holy shrine whose deity is believed to have the power to grant their wish for a child. ikmo leaf sarong betel nuts Also from India came their decorative arts including the artistic designs of gold necklaces and the lotus designs of bolo handles; some musical instruments, particular the kudyapi(native guitar) artistic designs of gold necklace kudyapi(native guitar) In 982 AD, Filipinos from Mindoro sailed to Canton, south China in an Arab ship. They sold their goods to the chinese and then went home. This was the earliest date in our contacts with China. Pretty soon our trade with China boomed. This time, it was the chinese merchants from south China who sailed in their junks (Chinese sailing ships) to the Philippines. They did business around Lingayan Gulf, Manila Bay, Mindoro and Sulu. The Filipinos welcomed them and exchanged goods with them.
The early Chinese praised the Filipinos for their honesty. According to Wang Tayuan, a Chinese writer. "The Chinese trust the Filipinos, for they always keep their promise".
Like Hindus, the early Chinese came to our land to buy and sell only. They did not conquer or rule us. Many Chinese settled here and married Filipino women. They Also spread Chinese culture to our country.
Filipino Visitors to China. Sometimes the early Filipinos went to china to visit and offer gifts to the chinese emperor. Even in those days, our rulers and rich people loves to travel abroad . At that time, China was the most powerful country in the world, so our people traveled their. Early Relations with China junks Wang Ta Yuan Our Chinese Heritage -Our Chinese heritage is economic and social. Traces of Chinese influence are found in our:
blood Largest group of early Filipino tourists in China arrived at Beijing, the capital of China, in 1417. They were more than 340 men and women, including three datus (kings) of Mindanao. They visited the Chinese emperor and him many gifts of gold, pearls and turtle shells. In return, the Chinese emperor gave them hundreds of silk cloths and Chinese money.
Unfortunately, on their way home, one of the Mindanao kings named Panduka Pahala got sick and died on September 13, 1417. He was given royal funeral by the Chinese emperor and buried near Dezhov City, Shandong Province, east China. His wife and some of his followers stayed behind to look after his grave.
Today, about 100 of his descendants still live in the village of Beijing, where he was buried. They still follow the Muslim religion and have Filipino features, but of course they are now Chinese. This story of the Filipino king who died in China was made into a popular film in 1987 entitled "Hari sa Hari, Lahi sa Lahi" . Hari sa Hari, Lahi sa Lahi Tutle shell kites explosives mahjong gong chinese words umbrella fan bakya Mdm. Corazon
Aquino In 1380, Mukdum came to Sulu and spread Islam, the Muslim religion and built the first Mosque at Simunul, Sulu.
1450- Abu Bakr went Sulu. Founded the sultunate of Sulu.
1475- Kabungsuwan conquered the Valley of Cotabato. The religion of Islam started in Mindanao and spread to other places in Visayas in Luzon. First Mosque at Simunul, Sulu Early Relations with Arabia Muslim people Arabic culture has influenced our:
social life. Our Arabic heritage is mostly seen among Muslim Filipinos in the south.
there are about 1, 600, 000 Muslims in the Philippines (Mindanao and Sulu).
The Arabs introduced the sultanate form of government and laws , the tiles sultan(king), raha(heir), dayang(princess), and kali(judge) came from the Arabs.
Muslims Customs are
pilgrimage to Mecca
Muslim Filipinos follow the Muslim way of life, for example they celebrate Ramadan.
Some Epic Poems, tales and play are Muslim origin:
Tagalog words that have Arabic origin:
sulat(letter) poligamy sultan(king) Mecca The moro-moro Our early ancestors also had contacts with Borneo, Malaya, Malacca, Thailand (Siam), Kampuchea (Cambodia), and Indonesia. Filipinos traded with these Asian nations and sometimes settled over there.
In 1515, the Filipinos had a small colony at Dingding, Malacca, in Malaysia. They were prosperous merchants who were called “Luzon men” by the local natives. This was their trading base for Malaya, Borneo, and Indonesia.
When the Spaniards came to the Philippines, they met foreign traders in the Philippines. These foreigners told them we had business contacts with Thailand, India, China, Malaya, and Indonesia. Early Relations with Other Asians Our Arabic heritage. Historical Values After studying about our rich heritage from other Asian nations, we learned the following lessons from history The Filipinos have a rich heritage from Asian nations like India, China, Arabia, and other countries. Our Asian heritage is seen in our religion, politics, economics, and social life.
The Filipinos also influenced these other Asian nations. Some Filipinos spread Islam to east China. Filipinos traded in Malaysia, Indonesia, China and Thailand. Filipino produces were very much in demand in other Asian countries.
We could have been a Muslim country if the Spaniards had not spread Christianity in the Philippines.
The early Filipinos were independent. They were never conquered by the empires of India, China, and Arabia. This was to our benefit because we became Christians more easily than other Asian nations who were colonized by India, China, and Arabia... by: Group 3