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Transcript of Indiana Landforms
Great Lakes Plains
You are here!
The Great Lakes Plains only touch one of the Great Lakes - Lake Michigan.
They have many other lakes, though. Little lakes cover Indiana's northern part like freckles. These places are popular vacation spots for Hoosiers and visitors.
The Indiana Dunes are also found up here.
They are like very small mountains made of sand, and as the wind blows them, they move around the state - some move a few inches each year! These dunes are very important to Indiana's economy because people from the area like to visit them, and when tourists come to town, local businesses make more money.
I know my family likes to go to Lake Michigan and play on the dunes - the water feels like the ocean!
It's all about glaciers...
A very long time ago, giant blocks of ice moved across this area. Every few thousand years, they would grow down towards where Indianapolis is now, and then they would melt and shrink back up again.
This melting left all kinds of lakes and small rolls of earth across northern Indiana.
Today, many towns have sprung up around most of the northern lakes. Some people live here all year, and some only live on the lake during the summer. Small hills are everywhere and they have many rivers flowing around them - one important one is the Wabash River.
My grandma loves to go canoeing on the rivers up here!
Muncie, Indiana - Have you been here?
Glaciers, Glaciers, Glaciers...
A very long time ago, this part of Indiana had glaciers that slowly moved across it. These ice chunks were so heavy that they smoothed out the land, and they ground rocks into dirt!
All of this dirt has turned into very good farming land! Early Hoosiers began farming this land in the 1700s, and we haven't stopped since!
The land here is very flat compared to the rest of Indiana - have you noticed a difference as you travel? My family in Southern Indiana say that they feel lost when they see long straight roads like this - they can't find their way around without hills to guide them!
Is there more than corn in Indiana?
Sure! We grow many things here, but we're most famous for corn - it really likes the dirt those glaciers left behind. Soybeans are also a popular crop, and tomatoes are a favorite for backyard gardeners here.
Farms like this one are very important for Indiana's economy too. Farmers do a lot of business with their crops, and the business this brings to Indiana has kept this state going since it was started back in...... when was that again?
High-fives for anyone who remembers! Need a hint? Zoom here.....
Our state will be 200 years old in 2016.
No glaciers here!
Glaciers didn't reach this part of our state - they left it hilly! These hills continue all the way south and east to the Appalachian mountains... They get a bit bigger over there.
I love these hills! Don't you think they're beautiful with their colorful leaves?
Under Indiana's southern hills, we find lots of limestone. This material is a white rock that you can't find in many other places in this country. Many of our old, beautiful buildings are made out of it, and some important buildings in Washington, D.C. are made from this.
Mines like these have kept Southern Indiana in business for years - they're part of the reason Indiana University is located here!
Have you ever seen a building made out limestone? They look like this...