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The Peloponnesian War
Transcript of The Peloponnesian War
Book 1: Sections 1-50
The Road To War
The Outbreak of War
Athens Rising Threat Level
Thucydides: 460 B.C.E - 395 B.C.E.
465 BCE: Helot Revolt
- Thucydides goes on to state that the war would be the greatest war ever fought in the history of Greece.
- He would also believe that his writings would be the most important in history.
- Thucydides is created in writing the most historical account of the war that has ever been written.
- In 479 BCE, the 2nd Persian War ended, with Athens rising as the victors
- As a direct result, Athens established the "Delian League".
- With this "Peloponnesian League", the Spartan allies where started to be "poached" by Athens as Athens tried to increase its size and power and conquer.
- These poaching's angered the Spartans to the brink of war
- Athens had the strongest navy in the region, because of this they had complete control over region trade.
- And also started to become much more rich and powerful
-this increase in power did not go unnoticed...
By Mark T. Lacey & Zachery P. Steele
Book 1 Review
The Peloponnesian War
- Thucydides was a historian, political philosopher, military general, and a writer.
-He lived with his father, Olorus, and his family in Thrace in northeastern Greece
-His family owned gold mines that (most likely) help with paying for his writings
- Thucydides was given control over his own fleet ( of military boats) were he was to reach the city of Amphipols, but was too late as it (the city) was captured by the Spartans
- Because of this, Thucydides was exiled for 20 years. Some say during this time, he worked on his writings
1. "Thucydides." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 20 Aug. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/thucydides>.
Why is his writing so Important?
- He tried to be as unbiased possible
- Only gathered rational, factional evidence (nothing supernatural or religious)
- Was very thorough with everything
-And most importantly: It is a primary account of what took place, since he was actually there.
- The "Delian League was Athens way of removing most Persian Colonies and added them to their already massive empire
-With this massive power, Athens controlled a massive navel fleet and presented a large threat to the region
"The growth of the power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Lacedaemon (Sparta), made war Inevitable." (Book 1, Section 23, pages 48-49)
-Strongest Navel presents in the region
- Richest nation
-Largest area mass
- Constantly expanding empire
*picture not historically accurate
- As Athens grew, Sparta became very nervous in their rising power and increasing imperialist ways.
- Sparta had also established it's own league of states called the "Peloponnesian League". which was made up of some of the main land city-states of Greece.
- Helot is a Spartan Slave
- Slaves tried to through off the Spartan Leaders in outlying city-states.
- Greek City-States sent small number of soldiers to put down the revolt
-Then Athens sent a massive army (5,000 soldiers) to try and put down the revolt, but Sparta would not let them into the region
1st Peloponnesian War
- The 2 city-states of Megara and Corinth began to fight each other.
- Athens would then ally with Megara and Sparta would ally with Corinth
- This lead to 15 years of fighting and only stopped in 445 BCE after the signing of the 30 years peace.
30 Years Peace Agreement
This agreement was to simply have Sparta and Athens both respect each others land and empires
...Athens had trouble keeping the agreement
- Athens started to crush revolts in other territories
-tried to take control over Corinth held islands
-Imposed economic sanctions on passed allies the Megarans
This kept happening until the region had enough of it
King of Macedon ..all had enough
-(former) Athenian Allies
-Sparta sent a ultimatum to Athens saying that war can still be avoided.
Question # 1
How certain are you of Thucydides being an actual non-bias primary account of what took place in the Peloponnesian War, given that he was actually an exiled Athenian navy general from a wealthy Athenian family?
Thucydides work and writing are much different then that of other writers of his time. He would go on to state that "my work is not a piece of writing designed to meet the taste of the immediate public, but was done wot last for ever." (Thucydides, 48, long time ago). What makes his writing so different from that of other historical writing? Why has his writing survived thousands of years
In your own words, describe what you think would have happens if Pericles would have accepted the Spartans Ultimatum. How would have history been different?
"War could be avoided if Athens would revoke the Megarian Decree which excluded the Megarians from all ports in the Athenian Empire and from Attica Itself" (Book 1, section 39)
aka.. Lift sanctions
"They would do nothing under Duress.."
This message was sent back to Sparta where they would receive no response back..
*Not a Historical Representation of what Occurred..