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Transcript of present simple
Is used to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual.
subject + aux. negative + main verb + complemet
main verb +
I practice jazz every day
My father sleeps every day at 11:00 pm
Martha doesn't play whit her brother
I don´t like the insects
She does not play tennis
Does karla sing in the new restaurant?
yes, she does / no, she doesn´t
Are we begin the school on Jabuary 15th?
yes we are / no, we aren´t
Is he sweep his house
yes, he is / no, he isn´t
Aux + subject + main verb + complemet
Monica Carolina Lizama Chac
with Question Word
Qw + aux. + subject + main verb + complement
What time do we board the plane?
we board the plane at 8:00 am
When do we visit to grandmother?
we are going to visit grandmother on saturday
It use to express the idea that something is happening now or things aren´t happening now
I am runnig now
You are learning English now
we are doing the English homework now
she is always coming to class late
Are you sleeping?
What are you doing?
I am not standing
Also the present continuous is use to near future
I am meeting some friends after work
They aren´t going to the party tonight
Isn´t he coming with us tonight?
no, he isn´t
when am I meeting the baby of my sister?
I am meeting the baby on friday
where are we cooking the turkey tomorrow?
we are cooking the turkey in house of my grandmother
Is used to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past.
In this case, the main verbs are used to explain things that happened in some moment
whatch - whatch
call - call
open - open
walk - walk
close - clos
subject + verb in past + complement
subject + aux. in negative + verb in base form + complement
aux. + subject + verb in base form + complement
Interrogative with question word
Qw + aux + subject + verb in base form + complemet
I saw a movie yesterday
Last year, I traveled to Japan
He did not wash his car.yesterday
she didn´t take a shower yesterday
My brother didn´t clean his room last week
Did you have dinner last night?
yes, I did
Didn´t they listen the "Black eyes peas" concert ?
No, they didn´t
Did you understand me?
yes, I did
How long did you wait for them?
I waited for one hour
When did they arrive?
they arrived on friday
The days of the week
on Hill st
on San Fernando Rd
when we say the street names
time of day
after a certain period of time (when?)
when we say the city or country name
in August / in winter
in the morning
in an hour
in U. S
a certain point of time (when?)
at the weekend
at half past nine
Example with have to
I have seen that movie twenty times
Example with Has to
Is used to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now.
Interogative with question word
They haven´t played football soccer
Have you read the book yet?
yes, I have
when have you permitted to pass the dog within the house?
has/have + past participle
He has never traveled by train.
Ana hasn´t to do aerobics
Have you been to Mexico in the last year?
There is - Singular
There are - Plural
There is an apple in the fridge
There isn´t any pineapple in the basket
Is there one pumkin in the shelf?
How many banana are there in my house?
There are five Watermelon in the chair
There aren´t any asparagus in the supermarket
Are there some lettuce in my food?
How much cauliflower in my soup
We use 'can' to talk about "possibility"
We use 'can' to ask for and give permission.
Can I speak to you or are you too busy?
We use 'can' with 'see' 'hear' 'feel' 'smell' 'taste' to talk about something which is happening now .
I can smell something burning.
Can you hear that noise?
I can't see anything.
I can´t do it
I can swim
Can you run very well?
Yes, I can
You cannot smoke in here
We use 'can' to talk about 'ability'.
I can speak French
I can't drive
can he play tennis?
he can´t play tennis
I can play the trumpet.
You can use my phone
she can't come
We use 'can' in offers, requests and instructions.
Can I help?
Can you give me a hand?
When you finish that, you can take out the garbage
We can use 'can't' for deduction.
You can't be hungry. You've just eaten
He was in London one hour ago when I spoke to him. He can't be here yet
Can / Can´t