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EATING DISORDERS - Bronze Crest Project

What are Eating Disorders? A Bronze Crest Research Project. Informing the truth on eating disorders. If you have any questions or thoughts on this prezi please feel free to comment them below.
by

Emily Turvey

on 30 June 2014

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Transcript of EATING DISORDERS - Bronze Crest Project

3 in 100
HAVE AN EATING DISORDER DURING THEIR LIFE
$1.25
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
OUR PROJECT ...
SYMPTOMS
OUR AIMS ...
TRIGGERS
CASE STUDY ... LILY BROWN
50%
ANOREXIA NERVOSA
When starting this project we highlighted 5 main topics areas we wanted to cover.
To help with Lily's eating disorder treatment plan it's important to know how her eating disorder was triggered. There are three forms of triggers - psychological, physical and biological

Nb: This is a fictional case created for means of explanation but could easily be related into real life
WHAT ARE EATING DISORDERS ?
TREATMENT
Lily now feels, and so do we, that she may have an eating disorder. The first step therefore is to visit a doctor, e.g: her GP. She will then make a treatment plan with them.

Lily, surprisingly, has already completed some of the steps to treating her eating disorder. As represented in 'Lily's Checklist' below
We decided to investigate for our BRONZE CREST 'Eating Disorders.' We knew there was much speculation around the topic, especially with people our age group and we really wanted to know the
facts
from the
fiction
.

Eating Disorders is not the nicest of topics and we appreciate some people would rather avoid the subject. But by knowing about it you're scientifically
less likely
to suffer from one in the future and
more able
to help someone who is.

If there is one point we would like to highlight or make clear to you before we begin is that having an
Eating Disorder is
not just a phase
it is a
serious illness and psychological condition

which, in some cases, you cannot help but acquire. Anyone who thinks they have eating disorder should seek expert advice, as will be discussed later.
Types
of Eating Disorders


Triggers
of Eating Disorders

Symptoms

Treatments
Available

Effects
of Eating Disorders
My name is Lily, I'm 14 years old

Recently I've been feeling particularly down about my
weight
and
eating.

I
loathe
my body so much, I
hate
to even look at myself in the mirror sometimes. I do however weigh myself everyday if I am heavier by even the tiniest margin I feel so
sad
- it ruins my day however hard I try not to let it.

I
hate
eating. Every meal I make excuses not to eat. It makes me feel so
guilty
and fat when I eat. I think I might have an eating disorder.

I do have anxiety and my Mum diets a LOT

Are there different
types
of eating disorders? What are the recognised
symptoms
? What
triggered
my eating disorder if I have one? What
treatment
is available? Are their
effects
of having suffered with an eating disorder? Please help!

Lily Brown :(
LILY
Throughout the rest of
this project we will try and answer all of Lily's questions and find out
whether she does have an eating disorder
First we need to know that there are four possible main types of eating disorders Lily may have.
They could be ...

TYPES OF EATING DISORDERS
EVERYWHERE ...
Recognised symptoms
for any form of eating disorder are
loose terms
. In most cases not all the symptoms will apply to the sufferer. Having an eating disorder is a very
'personal' illness
as no two sufferers will be experiencing the same thing.
Now we need to see if the symptoms of any of these
three most common, specific forms
of eating disorders apply to what Lily is
feeling
and/ or
doing
currently. If she finds she doesn't correspond to any particular form of an eating disorder symptoms, described below, Lily could have
EDNOS
(eating disorder not otherwise specified), one of the more rare eating disorders we looked at or not actually have an eating disorder.
NB:

You
cannot officially

diagnose an eating disorder by associating yourself with the symptoms below. You need official diagnosis from an experienced, qualified

doctor.
PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
Periods stopping (Amenorrhoea)
Severe weight loss
Hormonal changes in men and boys
Difficulty sleeping
Dizziness
Poor circulation & feeling cold

BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS
Wanting to be left alone
Excessive exercising
Denying there is a problem
Difficulty concentrating

PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS
Feeling guilty after eating
Depressed
Intense fear
of gaining weight
Mood swings
Distorted view

of body weight and size
Thinking about food all the time
BULMIA NERVOSA
PHYSICAL SIGNS
Swollen glands
Stomach pains
Irregular periods
Mouth infections
Difficulty sleeping

BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS
Eating
large quantities
of food
Being
sick
after eating
Being secretive
Abusing
laxatives

PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS
Feeling
ashamed
, depressed and guilty
Mood swings
Feeling out of control
Feeling
guilty
after eating
Anorexia Nervosa
Someone who perceives themself as overweight so limits their food intake and 'starves' themself. They become VERY underweight
Bulimia Nervosa
Someone who consumes too much food at a time, therefore binging.(consuming a large number of calories at once.)
BED (Binge Eating Disorder)
Someone who consumes a large number of calories in a short period and then purges it. (Through laxative abuse or vomiting)
Bulimic Cycle
EDNOS (Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified)
BED (Binge Eating Disorder)
PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
Weight gain

BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS
Eating
large
quantities of food
Being
secretive
Eating inappropriate food
PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS

Feeling
depressed
and out of control
Feeling
guilty
after eating
Mood swings
Emotional behaviour
OTHER TYPES OF EATING DISORDERS
There are other less common eating disorders.
Compulsive Exercising
Someone who is seriously addicted to exercise and does it purely to burn calories. They develop unusual eating habits because of it
BDD (Body Dysmorphic Disorder)
BDD is either in the form of BDD Delusional or BDD Un-Delusional. This is when someone particularly loathes an aspect of their body and sees themself as defect.

Prader- Willi Syndrome
Genetic eating disorder affecting the hypothalamus, meaning they can never feel full. Discussed later on
SED-NOS (Sleep Eating Disorder)
Someone who subconciously binges whilst sleep walking
LILY BROWN CONCLUSION ...
2x
as likely to suffer from an eating disorder if you mother is dieting
you are
psychological triggers
cultural pressure
other medical physchological conditions

(i.e: depression, anxiety)
bullying
stressful transitions
current abuse
previous abuse (childhood abuse)
media influence
change in hormone levels
family have suffered/ are suffering with an eating disorder
biological triggers
faulty hypothalamus
have a learning disability (you have a distorted/ unconventional view on life)
change in hormone levels
family had/ have an eating disorder
social triggers
media influence
previous abuse (childhood abuse)
current abuse
peer pressure
anxiety
LILY'S TREATMENT CHECKLIST
1.
Admit
you possibly have an Eating Disorder

2.
Ask
for Help
(In this case Lily asked us)

3.
Find
a Local Specialist

4.
Make
a Long Term Treatment Plan

Individual or group therapy
Family therapy
Eating disorder education
Nutritional counselling
Medical monitoring


5. Put your Treatment into
Action
with the support of

GP
Psychologist
Nutritionist
Social worker
Psychiatrist

What if you were Lily's friend how could
you
help her?
*This obviously can apply to helping ANY friend of yours
LILY'S FRIEND CHECKLIST
DO
Empathise
with Lily –
show her you understand and care
Let her
correct
you if you misunderstand something
Let her talk
Focus on what they’re feeling NOT eating
Find a way to take them to the GP. Go with them, talk for them.

DON’T
Give
ultimatums

"If you don’t go to the GP I’ll tell your mum"
Tell
other people
unnecessarily
Use emotional
blackmail
"do you know what this is doing to me?"
Get caught up in
food
related
arguments
Focus on
food
and
weight
all the time


Overall we
do
think Lily may have an eating
disorder.

A lot of her
described feelings
can be generally associated with symptoms of Anorexia.

Also the fact she has
anxiety
increases the likelihood of her suffering with an eating disorder.

Her next step is to approach a
medical professional
to help her overcome her disorder.
EFFECTS
Lily hasn't suffered for a very long period of time with her eating disorder, so many of these effects won't be applicable to her. But knowing what may of occurred if she hadn't done the tough but right thing is important
LAXATIVE ABUSE (if this occurred as part of an illness)

1. Affected levels of minerals and electrolyte)
2. Dehydration (causes weakness, blurred vision, weakness, fainting, kidney damage and DEATH
3. Laxative dependency (have to have it in larger quantities)
4. Risk of colon cancer, stretched/ lazy colon, Irritable Bowel Syndrome and liver damage

BINGE EATING DISORDER

• High blood pressure.
• High cholesterol levels.
• Heart disease
• Type II diabete.
• Gallbladder di
sease.
ANOREXIA

• Abnormally slow heart rate and low blood pressure, which can lead to heart failure
• Dry, brittle bones.
• Muscle loss and weakness.
• Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure.
• Fainting, fatigue, and overall weakness.
• Dry hair and skin; hair loss is common.
• Growth of a downy layer of hair called lanugo all over the body, including the face, in an effort to keep the bo
dy warm.
BULIMIA

• Irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure.
• Inflammation and possible rupture of the gullet from vomiting.
• Tooth decay and staining from stomach acids released during frequent vomiting.
• Peptic ulcers and pancreat
itis.
GENERAL
(applicable to all forms of eating disorder)

• Infertility
• Lack of confidence
• Stunted growth
• Organ da
mage

So do you think Lily has an eating disorder? Why ?
MORE ON ... GENETIC TRIGGERS
Both a 6 and 70 year old have been diagnosed with suffering from an eating disorder
DID YOU KNOW ?
Eating disorders affect everyone. Did you know that ....
Demi Lovato
Victoria Beckham
Lady Gaga
Kesha
Mary-Kate Olsen

Oprah Winfrey
Geri Halliwell
Sharon Osbourne
Mel C
Have all described themselves of having suffered with an eating disorder
main trigger
of eating disorders
of people with eating
disorders also suffer
from depression/
anxiety
10%
of people with an eating
disorder are male
SPREAD THE WORD
Hopefully you've learnt something new about eating disorders, from this presentation.

By being informed about eating disorders you are actually scientifically
less likely to obtain an eating disorder
and more able to help someone who is suffering from one.

We want people to know the facts about
eating disorders
, and make sure people are
educated
in it. Calling someone 'anorexic' because they are thin is never justified. Anorexia is an eating disorder which is a psychological condition which someone CANNOT help but obtain - not an adjective. This is demonstrated in this very clever but true picture here, alongside other mental disorders.



Please feel free to tell others about
this prezi (which can be found by
searching 'eating disorders' at
prezi.com)

We want to spread the true
definition of eating disorders,
especially among people like us
who often aren't sure of the facts.



REMEMBER ... the more who know, the less who suffer

Thank you for watching and reading
SO ... WHAT ARE EATING DISORDERS?
An eating disorder is a psychological condition.

There are many types, but the four main ones are Anorexia, Bulimia, B.E.D and EDNOS

It is very difficult to diagnose an eating disorder as they are very personal illnesses. But the recognised symptoms for eating disorders fit under three categories - physical, behavioral and psychological

They can be triggered in many different ways which are either psychological, social and biological factors. But having anxiety or depression is the most common trigger

Eating disorders can be treated with the help of a medical expert.

The effects of suffering with an eating disorder can be deadly. Long term effects of having suffered with an eating disorder can affect you for years and years to come.


Anyone can obtain an eating disorder
Research is currently taking place into whether a specific form of brain stimulation can be used as a form of treatment to eating disorders. This is still being adjusted and established however which is why we are not discussing it
A BRONZE CREST RESEARCH PROJECT
- By Emily, Neha, Lucy and Charlie
The brain is also an important trigger in developing a eating disorder.

The brains' hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (
HPA
) is important in eating disorders, because this system contains these regions in the brain:

Hypothalamus-

controls eating, sexual behavior, sleeping, regulation of body temperature, hunger, thirst and secretion of hormones

Pituitary gland-

involved in controlling thyroid functions, the adrenal glands, growth, and sexual maturation

Amygdala-

regulates and controls anxiety, depression, aggression and affection


Neurotransmitters are
chemicals
in the brain that
nerve cells use
to communicate with. There are many different types, responsible for many different brain activity. Those which play a role in eating disorders are
serotonin
and
dopamine
. These control, hunger, depression, anxiety, obsessions, physical activity and reward. errors in the production and reception of these neurotransmitters in the nerve cells can lead to developing an eating disorder.



NEUROTRANSMITTERS
Full transcript