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Sacrament of Reconciliation
Transcript of Sacrament of Reconciliation
Sacrament of Reconciliation
Baptism ______ the spiritual life.
Eucharist ______ the spiritual life.
Confirmation ______ the spiritual life.
Reconciliation ______ the spiritual life.
Repentance and the Kingdom
The Nature of Sin
Baptism & Conversion
Sacrament of Reconciliation in the New Testament
The Act of the Church
Washed in the Blood of the Lamb
Why do we need healing?
Original and Personal
Which philosophy ignores the body and exalts the soul?
Which philosophy ignores the soul and exalts the body?
What is the glory of the biblical God?
What is the "original sin"?
Cain and Abel
What is the sin of Cain?
How does it offend God?
What is a "personal sin"?
The Prodigal Son
What are the internal movements of the son?
What is the internal movement of the father?
How does this story relate to Adam and Eve, Cain and Abel, and the Tower of Babel?
St. John the Baptist
-- In those days John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness of Judea, proclaiming,
“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.”
This is the one of whom the prophet Isaiah spoke when he said,
“The voice of one crying out in the wilderness:
‘Prepare the way of the Lord,
make his paths straight.’”
-- Now when Jesus heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew to Galilee. He left Nazareth and made his home in Capernaum by the sea,.. From that time Jesus began to proclaim,
“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.”
Old Testament pre-figuration
Sin, Law, & Virtue
Sin is present in human history;.. To try to understand what sin is, one must first recognize the profound relation of man to God, for only in this relationship is the evil of sin unmasked in its true identity as
humanity's rejection of God and opposition to him
, even as it continues to weigh heavy on human life and history.
...Only in the knowledge of God's plan for man can we grasp that
sin is an abuse of the freedom that God gives to created persons so that they are capable of loving him and loving one another
In that sin man preferred himself to God and by that very act scorned him.
He chose himself over and against God, against the requirements of his creaturely status and therefore against his own good.
Constituted in a state of holiness, man was destined to be fully "divinized" by God in glory. Seduced by the devil, he wanted to "be like God", but "without God, before God, and not in accordance with God".
Adam and Eve
1. I am the LORD your God: you shall not have strange Gods before me.
2. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain.
3. Remember to keep holy the LORD'S Day.
4. Honor your father and your mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
9. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor's goods.
The Good of Communion with God
Murder, Gossip, Use
Feed the hungry
Clothe the naked
Drink to the thirsty
Treat others with dignity
Speak well of one another
Thou shalt not...
Sacrifice one's life for another
Not murdering, gossiping, using...
What belongs to God?
What is justice?
What is sin?
What problem does this create?
We need Jesus because...
Why did the Word become flesh?
Hierarchy of Goods
St. Gregory of Nyssa
"Sick, our nature demanded to be healed; fallen, to be raised up; dead, to rise again. We had lost the possession of the good; it was necessary for it to be given back to us. Closed in the darkness, it was necessary to bring us the light; captives, we awaited a Savior; prisoners, help; slaves, a liberator. Are these things minor or insignificant? Did they not move God to descend to human nature and visit it, since humanity was in so miserable and unhappy a state?"
To save us by reconciling us with God
That we might know God's love
To be our model of holiness
That we may partake in the divine nature
Aaron and the Scapegoat
Leviticus 16:1-5, 15-22
What's going on?
How does this pre-figure Jesus and the Sacrament of Confession?
Christ Descend Into Hell...
...Just like the goat descended into the desert/wilderness.
Why did Christ descend into hell?
What does this mean for us in our own lives?
-- And though the Lord persistently sent you all his servants the prophets, you have neither listened nor inclined your ears to hear when they said, “Turn now, every one of you, from your evil way and wicked doings, and you will remain upon the land that the Lord has given to you and your ancestors from of old and forever;
do not go after other gods to serve and worship them
, and do not provoke me to anger with the work of your hands. Then I will do you no harm.”
"For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ."
1 John 1
"...If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he who is faithful and just will forgive us our sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness..."
"...And forgive us our debts,
As we also have forgiven our debtors;
And lead us not into temptation,
But deliver us from evil..."
Animal sacrifices are closely bound up with divine forgiveness and covenant reconciliation.
But now Christ has come, as the high priest of all the blessings which were to come. He has passed through the greater, the more perfect tent, not made by human hands, that is, not of this created order;
and he has entered the sanctuary once and for all, taking with him not the blood of goats and bull calves, but his own blood, having won an eternal redemption.
The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkled on those who have incurred defilement, may restore their bodily purity.
How much more will the blood of Christ, who offered himself, blameless as he was, to God through the eternal Spirit, purify our inner self from dead actions so that we can worship the living God.
1 Corinthians 6:11
"You were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God."
St. Peter and the Keys to the Kingdom
Matthew 16:19 --
"And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.
I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven
-- "Truly I tell you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven."
"Keys to the Kingdom" = supreme authority (of teaching, governing, and sanctifying) on earth over the K of G, and thus he who possesses these "keys" can allow or exclude a person from entering this kingdom.
It is precisely sin which hinders entry into the kingdom; therefore, the power to forgive sins is implicit in the power of the "keys".
Matthew 23 -- "
Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples, "The scribes and the Pharisees
sit on Moses’ seat; therefore, do whatever they teach you and follow it
; but do not do as they do, for they do not practice what they teach... But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you
people out of the kingdom of heaven. For you do not go in yourselves, and when others are going in, you stop them.
Those in authority have the power to teach and set guidelines for belief and acting.
They can allow and prohibit people from entering the kingdom.
The Guidance of the Holy Spirit
“I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.
When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth
; ... He will glorify me, because he will take what is mine and declare it to you.
All that the Father has is mine. For this reason I said that he will take what is mine and declare it to you
Jesus promises that the Spirit will come and guide the Church into "all the truth." We can be sure of uncorrupted faith and morals because "the gates of hell will not prevail" against the Church and the Spirit will guide the Church.
Mortal v. Venial Sin
1 John 5
Jesus Commissions the Apostles
-- When it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and the doors of the house where the disciples had met were locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you.” After he said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord. Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, so I send you.” When he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them,
“Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.”
A special gift of the Holy Spirit BEFORE Pentecost.
Jesus forgave many people of their sins during his 3 year ministry. He is sending the apostles to continue to act in his place.
In order to forgive or retain one's sins, they have to be confessed/spoken since the apostles don't have Christ's omniscience (all-knowing).
"If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will give him life—to those who commit sins that do not lead to death. There is sin that leads to death; I do not say that one should pray for that.
All wrongdoing is sin, but there is sin that does not lead to death
"Venial" sin is sin that
lead to spiritual death.
"Mortal" sin is sin that
lead to spiritual death because it kills the love of God (charity) within us.
The Suffering Servant
The Acts of the Penitent
... is "sorrow of the soul and detestation for the sin committed, together with the resolution not to sin again."
This arises out of a sincere love of God in which he is loved above all else.
Remits venial sins
Obtains forgiveness of mortal sins if it includes the firm resolution to have recourse to sacramental confession as soon as possible.
prompting of the Holy Spirit
It is born of the consideration of sin's ugliness or the fear of eternal damnation and the other penalties threatening the sinner (contrition of fear).
Can initiate an interior process which will be brought to completion by sacramental absolution.
Imperfect contrition cannot obtain the forgiveness of grave sins
St. Peter's Denial of Jesus
-- And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. Then Jesus said to them, “You will all fall away because of me this night; for it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’ But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee.” Peter declared to him, “Though they all fall away because of you, I will never fall away.” Jesus said to him, “Truly, I say to you, this very night, before the cock crows, you will deny me three times.” Peter said to him, “Even if I must die with you, I will not deny you.” And so said all the disciples.
"Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. And a maid came up to him, and said, “You also were with Jesus the Galilean.” But he denied it before them all, saying, “I do not know what you mean.” And when he went out to the porch, another maid saw him, and she said to the bystanders, “This man was with Jesus of Nazareth.” And again he denied it with an oath, “I do not know the man.” After a little while the bystanders came up and said to Peter, “Certainly you are also one of them, for your accent betrays you.” Then he began to invoke a curse on himself and to swear, “I do not know the man.”
And immediately the cock crowed. And Peter remembered the saying of Jesus, “Before the cock crows, you will deny me three times.” And he went out and wept bitterly.
in the heart of man by a grave violation of God's law;
It turns man away from God, who is his ultimate end and his beatitude, by preferring an inferior good to him.
Must be confessed in Sacramental Confession to receive pardon and Jesus in the Eucharist
one experiences perfect contrition, has a grave reason for doing so, and there is no possibility of receiving Sacramental Confession beforehand.
It impedes the soul's progress in the exercise of the virtues and the practice of the moral good
Receiving the Holy Eucharist worthily, acts of contrition, acts of charity, and prayer can serve as vessels for forgiveness of venial sins.
Absolution takes away sin, but it does not remedy all the disorders sin has caused. Raised up from sin, the sinner must still recover his full spiritual health by doing something more to make amends for the sin: he must "make satisfaction for" or "expiate" his sins. This satisfaction is also called "penance."
"God, the Father of mercies,
through the death and the resurrection of his Son
has reconciled the world to himself
and sent the Holy Spirit among us
for the forgiveness of sins;
through the ministry of the Church
may God give you pardon and peace,
and I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit."
Ways to Confess
Individual, Integral Confession
-- Individuals confess in private and receive absolution in private. The only ordinary way to receive forgiveness for a mortal sin.
Communal Celebration of Reconciliation
-- Involves a general confession and general absolution. This necessitates a grave necessity in which there is imminent danger of death or there are not enough confessors to hear individual confessions and many would go a long time without being able to receive Holy Communion. For the absolution to be valid the faithful must have the intention of individually confessing their grave sins in the time required.
Sacramental Seal -- Given the delicacy and greatness of this ministry and the respect due to persons, the Church declares that
every priest who hears confessions is bound under very severe penalties to keep absolute secrecy regarding the sins that his penitents have confessed to him
. He can make no use of knowledge that confession gives him about penitents' lives.